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The Solar System. By, Amber Pickowicz. http://www.flickr.com/photos/phone_accessory/2770431590. Our Solar System is made up of our Sun, eight planets, three dwarf planets, and their moons. Each of these planets and their moons orbit around the sun.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Solar System

By, Amber Pickowicz

slide3

Our Solar System is made up of our Sun, eight planets, three dwarf planets, and their moons.

  • Each of these planets and their moons orbit around the sun.
  • The planets are split up into two groups; the inner planets and the outer planets.
slide4

Inner Planets

  • The four planets closest to the sun are the inner planets.
  • These planets are: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.

Earth

Venus

Mars

Mercury

http://reevesastronomy.blogspot.com/2010/03/whats-up-tour-of-inner-solar-system.html

slide5

Mercury

  • Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun.
  • It is the smallest planet in our Solar System.
  • Mercury does not have an atmosphere or any moons.
  • Mercury is a small, rocky planet that is covered with many craters.
  • Mercury was named after Hermes, the swift messenger of the ancient Greek gods because of how fast it moves across the sky.
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Venus

http://www.diracdelta.co.uk/science/source/v/e/venus/source.html

  • Venus is the second planet from the Sun and the sixth largest.
  • Venus is very hot and bright, making it easy to see from Earth.
  • It has a dense atmosphere, filled with thick clouds of poisonous gas (CO2).
  • There are many volcanoes on Venus.
  • Venus does not have any moons.
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Earth

http://www.macs.pvt.k12.ia.us/solarsystem.html

  • Earth is the third planet from the Sun.
  • Earth is the fifth largest planet.
  • So far, Earth is the only planet known to support life because it is just the right distance from the Sun.
  • Most of Earth is covered with water (~70%).
  • The Earth rotates round in space, which is why we have day time and night time.
  • Earth has one moon.
slide8

Mars

http://www2.hawaii.edu/~maggies/science.html

  • Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun, and the seventh smallest planet.
  • Mars is sometimes called the Red Planet because of its color.
  • The dirt on Mars is filled with iron, which is why it looks red.
  • Mars has a very thin atmosphere.
  • Mars has strong winds that can make huge sandstorms, which can engulf the planet for months.
  • It also has polar ice caps and two moons.
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Outer Planets

  • The four planets furthest from the Sun are the outer planets.
  • These planets are: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Jupiter

Saturn

Uranus

Neptune

http://warrensburg.k12.mo.us/iadventure/2310fall09/knelson/title.html

slide10

Jupiter

http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/solar_system/pr2002028e/large_web/

  • Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and is the largest planet in our solar system (more than 2x as massive as all the other planets combined).
  • Jupiter is made up almost completely of gas and has no solid surface.
  • Jupiter is famous for its Great Red Spot, which is made by a storm of swirling gases, and is so large that it could hold two Earths.
  • High velocity winds make up the wide, colorful bands of latitude seen on Jupiter. The chemical and temperature differences in these bands are what create the different colors.
  • Jupiter has an astonishing 63 known moons!
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Saturn

http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/solar_system_level2/saturn_image.html

  • Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest in our solar system.
  • Saturn is a giant, gas planet, surrounded by thousands of beautiful rings.
  • These rings are very bright and can be seen from Earth.
  • They are made mostly of chunks of ice and rock.
  • Saturn also has colorful bands of latitude like Jupiter, just not as visible.
  • Saturn also has many moons…53!
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Uranus

https://solarsystem.jpl.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery.cfm?category=planets&page=3

  • Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.
  • Uranus has 11 vertical rings.
  • Uranus spins around the Sun different then any other planet.
  • It is thought that something huge hit Uranus years ago and caused the planet to tilt over on its side.
  • Uranus is a gas planet.
  • Very cold methane gas makes Uranus look blue-green.
  • Uranus has 27 moons.
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Neptune

http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/education/schoolyard_ss/sss_neptunem.html

  • Neptune is the eighth planet from the Sun.
  • Neptune is a giant gas planet, bluish in color.
  • It is icy and has the coldest atmosphere of all the planets in our solar system.
  • Neptune has rings and bands of latitude also.
  • Neptune has the fastest winds in the solar system, at speeds reaching more than 1,200 miles per hour!
  • Neptune has a small white cloud called “The Scooter” that speeds around the planet every 16 hours.
  • Neptune has 13 known moons.
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Pluto

(Dwarf Planet)

http://kancrn.kckps.k12.ks.us/banneker/students/planets.html

  • In 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to reclassify Pluto as a dwarf planet.
  • Pluto is the furthest from the Sun, except for every 248 years, when Neptune orbits farther out than Pluto (which lasts about 20 years).
  • Pluto is made up of rock and ice.
  • It is very tiny and is brownish in color.
  • Pluto has 3 known moons.
  • Charon is its largest moon and is almost as big as Pluto.
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Now it’ s time to make your own solar system!

All you will need is:

A hanger with 10 strings attached to it

Scissors

A hole puncher

Crayons, markers, or colored pencils

A printout with the numbered planets (including the Sun and Pluto)

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Directions:

Color your printout of the sun and planets.

Cut-out your sun and planets.

Place the models in order, starting with the sun and ending with Pluto.

Punch a hole through the top of them.

Starting with the sun at one end of the hanger, thread the string (that is hanging from the hanger) through the hole and tie a knot.

Continue these steps until you have the sun and all the planets hanging in the correct order.

***Remember….1=Sun, 2=Mercury, 3=Venus, 4=Earth, 5=Mars, 6=Jupiter, 7=Saturn, 8=Uranus, 9=Neptune, 10=Pluto….***

slide17

References

http://www.nineplanets.org/pluto.html

http://www.neok12.com

http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov

Simple Science, Vivian Fernandez, 2007 B Plus Marketing.

The Planets, Jeff Bauer, 2007 Scholastic Inc.