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Le Futur simple - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Le Futur simple
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  1. Le Futur simple Saying when things will happen

  2. Le Futur proche • You already know how to use « le futur proche » (the near future) by using the present tense form of « aller » and following it with an infinitive. Je parle (present tense) Je vaisparler(futur proche)I am goingto speak • However, the futur proche implies that something is going to happen, and not that it will happen.*Le futur proche is not a tense* It is part of the present tense.

  3. Le Futur simple • Le futur simple is a tense that describes what will happen • In English, to make the future, you insert the helping verb « will » before the present tense verb. - I go→ present tense - I will go→ future (present tense with the helping verb « will » in front)

  4. Le Futur simple • In French, however, the future is formed by adding endings to the infinitive: Je parle → I speak (present tense) Je parlerai→ I will speak (futur simple) • In other words, the English word « will » is included in the ending.

  5. Forming le futur simple  • To form the futur: -ai -ons Infinitive of the verb + -as -ez -a -ont • parler→ je parlerai • finir → tu finiras • For –re verbs, drop the final « e », before adding the endings rendre→ nous rendrons

  6. Le verbes irréguliers • Like all tenses, there are irregular verbs in the futur simple. This means that some verbs do not have the intinitive as its stem. avoir→ j’aurai être → nous serons • The endings do not change.

  7. Les verbes irréguliers aller → ir- avoir → aur- devoir → devr- être → ser- faire → fer- pouvoir → pourr- venir → viendr- voir → verr- vouloir → voudr-

  8. À-vous • I will eat • You will talk • He will do • She will celebrate • One will light • We will come • You (pl.) will see • They (m.) will have