West Ham United Football Academy Coaching Syllabus
West Ham Academy8 – 11 year olds • Fun and Enjoyable – little and often with direction • A continuous programme of learning by example and encouragement • The players will learn by DOING not listening • All basics are to be practiced constantly – every session • This age of learning must practice using both feet constantly, the aim is ‘MASTERY OF THE BALL’
West Ham Academy8 – 11 year olds Skills to be introduced in 2 week blocks and repeated • Defending 1 v 1 and Defender 2 v 3 (Decision making) • Beating opponents (1 v 1) “learn a trick” • Screening and turning (Receiving the ball) • Shooting (2 footed) and crossing balls (both feet) • Heading for fun • Finishing skills • Early plymetrics / co-ordination and balance • 4 x 4 games only
West Ham Academy8 – 11 year olds • Encourage the taking on of opponents, to develop productive players. • Highlight when to pass, when to dribble. • This should be a continuous programme, with variety, encouraging players to be confident, enthusiastic and committed.
West Ham Academy8 – 11 year olds Basic outline of the technical programme • Transferring the skills to the game (8 v 8) • Encourage players to rotate positions on a regular basis • Produce defenders who can defend 1 v 1 and are comfortable with the ball to break out of defence • Midfield players who can receive the ball under pressure and keep possession • Front players with 1 v 1 ability to beat defenders • Effective players
West Ham Academy12 – 14 year olds The development period (Adolescence and Growth Spurts) Defenders • Heading skills (Height and Distance) • Being comfortable marking 1 v 1 • Distribution from the back (Long and short) • Working as a unit (Covering responsibilities) • Defending set plays
West Ham Academy12 – 14 year olds Midfield • Receiving the ball under pressure • Turning and playing the ball forward • Develop the ability to see the whole pitch, i.e. when to pass long, when to pass short • Making forward runs • Shooting from distance • Understand defensive responsibilities
West Ham Academy12 – 14 year olds Forwards • Turning and beating defenders • Turning defenders without the ball • Linking with midfield support • Heading for goal • Finishing crosses • Quick finishing (1-2 touch) • Turning and shooting
West Ham Academy12 – 14 year olds General • Speed – Agility – Fitness and flexibility for all players • Decision making and awareness is a vital component in all situations • Use realistic practice (opposed or unopposed) • Combined passing moves i.e. 3rd man runs, overlaps etc • Introduce organisation at set plays (basic)
West Ham Academy12 – 14 year olds General • Competition becomes progressively tougher, this can be highlighted during practice • Coach players to create space for the role required • “Coaching the team” i.e. organisation of defence, midfield and forward (attacking and defending) • Less rotation more selection for the role required • Are we challenging the best players?
West Ham Academy15 – 16 year olds Understanding their role within the role • Develop better tactical understanding • Improve specific weakness in individuals (1 to 1 coaching) • Identify talented effective players to fast track them • Develop strong mental attitudes as games get more competive • Don’t stop the dribblers – encourage effectiveness
West Ham Academy15 – 16 year olds • Encourage speed and urgency during training and match play • Match play effectiveness – transferring the training into matches • Fitness and strength become evident, begin to introduce the important to the players • Winning becomes important
West Ham Academy17 – 20 year olds Can they climb the ladder • Revisit all previous technical work (9 – 16 years) • Develop fitness – speed and strength (scientific approach) • Continue to develop understanding (player and team) • Mental ability to cope with criticism • Effectiveness of the player is crucial to progress • To play the game with desire and passion
West Ham Academy17 – 20 year olds • The importance of winning • Fast track the best players • Set plays, for and against and their importance • 3 years education programme including media training, financial planning and coaching • The 17 – 20 year old can take more responsibility for his own improvement and development
West Ham AcademyCoaches Page • Coaching from habit is comfortable – Challenge yourself or stagnate • Was I planned and prepared for all sessions? • Did I communicate effectively? • Did the players understand my instruction? • How much praise, information, criticism did I deliver? • Did I coach all the players or just select a few? • Fail to prepare then prepare to fail