Dyslexia is one of the most common reading disorders, affecting approximately 1 in 10 people worldwide[i]. It is a lifelong condition where patients have difficulties reading and processing the language. \n\nVisit: http://myhealthinnovation.com/can-we-help-teachers-help-kids-with-dyslexia/
Dyslexia is one of the most common reading disorders, affecting approximately 1 in 10
people worldwidei. It is a lifelong condition where patients have difficulties reading and
processing the language. Usually people would have difficulty with recognising words, issues
with spelling and struggle to understand the relationship between sounds and letters.
People have varying degrees of dyslexia and no two people would have the same level of
difficulties.Some people may find associating words with sounds more difficult whilst others
struggle more with spelling. It occurs independently of intelligence and affects patients across
the IQ spectrum however people with dyslexia would have learning difficulties.Dyslexia
might be present alongside another related condition. Many children with dyslexia will also
have ADHD, dyspraxia, dyscalculia, anxiety or depression.
What is the current situation?
There is no set treatment for dyslexia and the best way to help is to adjust the way reading is
taught. One of these is occupational therapy. Occupational therapy encompasses many
activities meant to help people develop reading skills. The most common activity used is
multisensory structured language education (MLSE) which is often used with both kids and
adultsii. Patients can use other senses to help them recognise sounds and syllables. One
example of this is using sandpaper letters to learn spelling or learning syllables by tapping
with their fingers. As such, they learn the same sound over and over, helping them to
remember it betteriii.
An alternative program is the Lindamood-Bell method. This is not often learnt in school but
in private centres instead. In a similar way to MLSE, Lindamood-Bell breaks down learning
to read in steps. However, instead of just using other senses to learn to read the word, the
program also focuses on understanding content. This is often in the form of imagery and
associating a certain word or phrase with a mental imageiv.
Speech therapy is usually thought to help articulating words but this is not the case. Speech
therapy can be advantageous as it helps the patient develop their vocabulary in addition to
helping them develop phonological awarenessv. It is a skill that helps kids recognise thesound
structure in words and identify specific sounds like syllables. Subsequently, they will
improve in reading comprehensionvi.
Often in schools, teachers would seek the help of a speech language pathologist or receive
training from them. Helping children with dyslexia is often an issue, especially since
teachers have limited capacity to help students one on one. This means that many children are
often left to their own devices. In addition, teachers do not always have the necessary training
to recognise dyslexia or even support them in the classroomvii.
Here, there is a chance for healthcare professionals and institutions should come together for
the sake of children who are carrying a much heavier burden than they are supposed to. With
the necessary tools and training, educators and teachers can be enabled to reach these
children and make a difference in their lives.
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