Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
"Frequency Effects in the Lexical Diffusion of Phonological Change". Betty S. Phillips, Indiana State U. [email protected] LSA Summer Institute Workshop on Variation, Gradience, and Frequency in Phonology, 6-8 July 2007, Stanford U. Lexical Diffusion.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Betty S. Phillips, Indiana State U. [email protected] Summer Institute Workshop on Variation, Gradience, and Frequency in Phonology, 6-8 July 2007, Stanford U.
"Rarely-used words drag behind; very frequently used ones hurry ahead. Exceptions to the sound laws are formed in both groups." -- Schuchardt (1885: 58)
“We find no strong evidence for lexical diffusion in the (æh) patterns of Detroit and Buffalo and Chicago.”. . . .
Despite some initial oscillations the (æh) word class seems to move upward as a whole, with fine phonetic conditioning in the process. There is some indication that the word mad is lower than its phonetic class would justify for several speakers. . . .the low position of mad as compared to bad, ads, etc. , seems to be lexically determined." (93 – my bold).
Alba (2003): la 'the' or una 'a' + vowel-initial nouns (e.g., iglesia 'church', hija 'daughter') in 20 hours of tape-recorded interviews with 20 native speakers of Spanish.
Strings with high ratio frequency underwent hiatus resolution 87 per cent of the time, compared to 48 per cent for strings with low ratio frequency. That is, high string frequency positively impacted vowel reduction.
"We do not find a relationship between token frequency and diphthongization....[H]ighly frequent items such as krijgen, tijd (>200) do not behave differently. . . from items such as vijg (0) and vijl (2). And among the items showing diphthongs rather often, such as vrijdag, vrijen, vrij, fijn and vijf, both low and high frequencies occur."
-- Goeman et al. (1993)
--Janda and Joseph (2003)
Bybee, J. 2001. Usage-Based Phonology. p. 22:
“Labov’s (1994) assessment of the ‘neogrammarian controversy’ provides striking confirmation of regular sound change at the level of the individual, and lexical diffusion at the level of speech communities.” (Blevins 2004)