Starting with a Plan Chapter 5 Original Power Point Created by Nancy Williams Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office June 2002
Beginning the Design Work • With a base plan it can provide enough information to begin creating a design. • When applying the design process there are three things to consider • 1 Consider the lot on which the house sits to be like a room A well- designed landscape becomes an extension of the indoor living space.
Beginning the Design Work • 2 Consider the floor plan of the house. Locations of various rooms within the house impact the design of the landscape. For instance, locating a patio near the family breakfast area is very practical
Beginning the Design Work • 3 Consider the landscape as viewed by neighbors and those who pass by.
Beginning the Design Work • What is Goose Egg Planting? • This is rough sketches of ovals or circles on the small drawings to represent the activities • Some examples of the activities or land uses sketched on the plan include: lawn games, play area, patio or deck, vegetable garden, plantings, shed , screen, water garden, service area, and public area.
Beginning the Design Work • The value of the Goose Egg Plan is to provide a general guide for the landscape design. It encourages the designer to be creative
Beginning the Design Work • After the goose egg plan comes the bed patterns. • bed pattern forms the framework for the design. The bed pattern is a border that outlines where plants are planted and separates the lawn from the plantings within the beds.
Beginning the Design Work • The eyes of the viewer tend to follow the outline of the bed patterns. • There are three main styles that are commonly used for the bed patterns they are: • Curved lines • Straight lines at 90 degrees to the house • Straight lines at 45 degrees to the house
Beginning the Design Work • Curved lines: • they will flow smoothly through the landscape and lend themselves well to a natural appearance.
Beginning the Design Work • Straight lines at 90 degrees: • This reflects the architectural lines of the house. They give the impression of greater control over the landscape. This also provides a symmetrical look .
Beginning the Design Work • The 45 degree patterns: • also reflect the architectural lines of the house. The lines can be used to provide an asymmetrical look to the landscape.
Beginning the Design Work • Designing Patios, Decks, Walks, and Drives • All design areas need to follow the same pattern as the planting beds. • Example if the bed pattern style is curved than the deck or patio should have curves in its outline as well. A square patio will conflict visually with the curved bed patterns.
Locating Trees in the Plan • Trees provide shade, a backdrop to the house, screening of poor views, frame working of good views, and a sense of permanency to the landscape.
Locating Trees in the Plan • Trees have a tremendous impact on the microclimate around a house. When carefully located , trees soften harsh weather conditions. It will also improve the comfort level of the family. Trees act as a energy requirements to heating and cooling of the house which can be reduced.
Locating Trees in the Plan • Deciduous Trees are the trees that lose their leaves in the fall, and can be used to cool the microclimate in the summer. The leaves of these trees reflect some radiant heat energy back into the atmosphere.
Locating Trees in the Plan • Evergreens are those trees that do not shed there leaves. They are usually planted on the south side of the house which blocks the rays of sun in the winter time.
Locating Trees in the Plan • What is a sun calculator? • it can be used to help locate trees in the landscape. This will help you plant trees to block the sun’s rays for a particular time.
Lets Review • Step 1 Meet the Customer • Step 2 Base Plan • Step 3 Family Inventory Survey • Step 4 Site Analysis plan • Step 5 Goose Egg Plan • Step 6 Establish bed patterns including patios, decks, and walls • Step 7 Locate Trees
The End • Any Questions!!