fast a faceted application of subject terminology n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
FAST: A Faceted Application of Subject Terminology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
FAST: A Faceted Application of Subject Terminology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

FAST: A Faceted Application of Subject Terminology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on

FAST: A Faceted Application of Subject Terminology . Classification Crosswalks Workshop Joint Conference on Digital Libraries June 28, 2001 Presented by Ed O’Neill. Background . Enormous volume and rapid growth of resources available on the World Wide Web.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'FAST: A Faceted Application of Subject Terminology' - robbin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
fast a faceted application of subject terminology

FAST: A Faceted Application of Subject Terminology

Classification Crosswalks Workshop

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries

June 28, 2001

Presented by Ed O’Neill

background
Background
  • Enormous volume and rapid growth of resources available on the World Wide Web.
  • Emergence of numerous metadata schemes have spurred a re-examination of the way subject data is to be provided for web resources efficiently and effectively.
metadata
Metadata
  • Simplicity refers to the usability by non-catalogers to allow the creation of metadata records by persons not necessarily trained in sophisticated methods of bibliographic control.
  • Semantic interoperability enables users to search across discipline boundaries and, desirably, also across information retrieval and storage systems.
alcts sac subcommittee requirements
ALCTS/SAC/Subcommittee: Requirements
  • Be simple and easy to apply and to comprehend,
  • Be intuitive so that sophisticated training in subject indexing and classification, while highly desirable, is not required in order to implement,
  • Be logical so that it requires the least effort to understand and implement,
  • Be scalable for implementation from the simplest to the most sophisticated.
options for metadata
Options for Metadata

We are limited to three basic choices in selecting an indexing/subject heading schema for metadata:

  • The use an existing schema(s),
  • Adapt or modify an existing schema.
  • Develop new schema(s),
objective of fast project
Objective of FAST Project
  • Develop a new subject heading schema based on LCSH suitable for metadata which is easier to use, understand, and maintain.
  • Minimized the need to construct headings,
  • Simplify the syntax,
  • Retain the richness of the vocabulary.
fast team
FAST Team
  • Ed O’Neill, OCLC
  • Diane Vizine-Goetz, OCLC
  • Kerre Kammerer, OCLC
  • Eric Childress, OCLC
  • Rebecca Dean, OCLC
  • Lois Mai Chan, University of Kentucky
  • Lynn El-Hoshy, Library of Congress
synergy
Synergy

ALCTS/SAC

OCLC

Library of

Congress

advantages of lcsh
Advantages of LCSH
  • Rich vocabulary covering all subject areas,
  • It has the strong institutional support of the Library of Congress,
  • Synonym and homograph control,
  • Has been extensively used by libraries, contained in millions of bibliographic records,
  • Has a long and well-documented history.
card format
Card Format
  • Z693.5 Chan, Lois Mai.
  • U6C48 Cataloging and classification: an
  • introduction / Lois Mai Chan. -- 2nd ed.
  • New York : McCraw-Hill, c1994.
  • xxii, 519 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Includes bibliographical references (p.
  • 493-502) and index.

ISBN 0-07-010506-5

1. Cataloging--United States. 2. Class-

ification--Books. I. Title.

  • Cataloging--United States.
  • Z693.5 Chan, Lois Mai.
  • U6C48 Cataloging and classification: an
  • introduction / Lois Mai Chan. -- 2nd ed.
  • New York : McCraw-Hill, c1994.
  • xxii, 519 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Includes bibliographical references (p.
  • 493-502) and index.

ISBN 0-07-010506-5

1. Cataloging--United States. 2. Class-

ification--Books. I. Title.

  • Classification--Books.
  • Z693.5 Chan, Lois Mai.
  • U6C48 Cataloging and classification: an
  • introduction / Lois Mai Chan. -- 2nd ed.
  • New York : McCraw-Hill, c1994.
  • xxii, 519 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Includes bibliographical references (p.
  • 493-502) and index.

ISBN 0-07-010506-5

1. Cataloging--United States. 2. Class-

ification--Books. I. Title.

  • Originally created for card catalogs—a 3x5 card environment,
  • Pre-coordinated vocabulary,
  • Design limits number of entries.
patterns subdivisions
Patterns Subdivisions

Pattern subdivisions, like free-floats, are subdivisions which have general application. However, the scope of patterns is limited to particular types (patterns) of headings.

Patients is one of several hundred subdivisions that can be used with headings for individual or types of diseases and other medical conditions …

Burns and scalds x Patients

combining pattern subdivisions
Combining Pattern Subdivisions

Burns and scalds x Patients

x Family relationships

Burns and scaldsis an established heading,

Burns and scaldsis covered by the disease pattern,

Patientsis authorized under the pattern for diseases

Burns and scalds x Patients

becomes a class of persons,

Family relationships

is authorized under the pattern for classes of persons.

fast requirements
FAST Requirements
  • Usable by people with minimal training and experience,
  • Enables a broad range of users to assign subject terminology to web resources:
    • Bibliographers
    • Faculty
    • Reference staff
  • Amenable to automated authority control,
  • Compatibility with use as embedded metadata,
  • Focus on making use of LCSH as a post-coordinate system in an online environment.
facets
Facets

Topical

Agriculture

Personal Names

Corporate Names

Conference/Meetings

Uniform Titles

Geographic

Ohio—Dublin

Form

Guidebooks

Period

1901 - 2000

facet topical
FACET: Topical
  • LCSH main headings from topical headings (650),
  • All associated general ($x) subdivisions from any type of LCSH heading,
  • Period subdivisions containing topical aspects from any type of LCSH heading,
  • All topical headings will be established in an authority file.
fast topical headings
FAST: Topical Headings

Industrial project management—Data processing.

Colombian poetry

Blacksmithing—History.

Epic literature—History and criticism.

Pets and travel

Quartets (Pianos (2), percussion)

Natural gas pipelines—Economic aspects

School psychologists

Blood banks

Loudspeakers—Design and construction

facet geographic
FACET: Geographic
  • Geographic name will be established and applied in indirect order, [Ohio—Columbus not Columbus (Ohio)],
  • First level geographic names will be limited to names from the Geographic Area Codes table (e.g., Ohio, France, Great Lakes, etc.)
  • Other names will be entered as subdivisions under the smallest first level name in which it is fully contained (North America—Maya Forest)
  • Qualifiers are only be used to identify the type of geographic name (Kingdom, Satellite, Duchy, Princely State, etc.).
  • All geographic headings will be established in an authority file.
charlevoix lcsh headings
Charlevoix (LCSH headings)

Charlevoix (Mich.)

Charlevoix (Quebec)

Charlevoix County (Mich.)

Charlevoix County (Quebec)

Charlevoix Harbor (Mich.)

Charlevoix Region (Mich.)

Charlevoix Region (Quebec)

Charlevoix Site (Mich.)

Charlevoix, Lake (Mich.)

Charlevoix-Est (Quebec :

Regional County Municipality)

Charlevoix-Est (Quebec)

Charlevoix-Est County (Que.)

Charlevoix-Est County (Quebec)

Charlevoix-Ouest (Quebec)

Charlevoix-Ouest County (Que.)

Charlevoix-Ouest County (Quebec)

Clermont (Charlevoix-Est, Quebec)

Deer Creek Watershed (Charlevoix County, Mich.)

Holy Island (Charlevoix County, Mich.)

Horton Creek (Charlevoix County, Mich.)

Horton Creek Marsh, Charlevoix County, (Mich.)

Lake Charlevoix (Mich.)

Lake Charlevoix (Michigan)

Marion (Charlevoix County, Mich.)

Michigan—Beaver Island (Charlevoix County)

Michigan—Charlevoix

Michigan—Charlevoix County

Michigan—Charlevoix Region

Michigan—Charlevoix, Lake

Michigan—Deer Creek Watershed

(Charlevoix County)

Michigan—Horton Creek (Charlevoix County)

Michigan—Lake Charlevoix

Michigan—Marion (Charlevoix County)

Michigan—Peaine Township (Charlevoix County)

Michigan—St. James Township

(Charlevoix County)

O'Neill Site, Charlevoix County, (Mich.)

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix Co.

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix East

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix Region

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix West

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix-Est

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix-Est

(Regional County Municipality)

Quebec (Province)—Charlevoix-Ouest

Quebec—Charlevoix Region

Quebec—Charlevoix-Est

Quebec—Charlevoix-Ouest

charlevoix fast headings
Charlevoix (FAST headings)

Michigan--Charlevoix

Michigan--Charlevoix County

Michigan--Charlevoix County--Deer Creek Watershed

Michigan--Charlevoix County--Holy Island

Michigan--Charlevoix County--Horton Creek

Michigan--Charlevoix County--Beaver Island

Michigan--Charlevoix County--Marion

Michigan--Charlevoix County--O'Neill Site

Michigan--Charlevoix County--Peaine Township

Michigan--Charlevoix Harbor

Michigan--Charlevoix Region

Michigan--Lake Charlevoix

Quebec ………………………….

facet forms
Uses table developed based on LC documentation (e.g., SCM, FFS:AAI), and independent correspondence,

LCSH tagged headings not containing $v will be processed for correction prior to validation,

All form headings will be established in an authority file.

FACET: Forms
example of forms
Example of Forms

Translations into French

Rules

Dictionaries—Swedish

Controversial literature—Early works to 1800

Translations into Russian

Statistics—Databases

Textbooks for foreign speakers—English—Juvenile literature

Slides

Directories

Correspondence—Juvenile literature

Records

facet period
FACET: Period
  • Chronological headings will reflect the actual time period of coverage for the resource,
  • Chronological headings will be expressed as a numeric date or date range.
  • Authority records will be created for period subdivision except when necessary for notes or cross-references.
example of faceting dc view
Example of Faceting (DC view)

650 0 Slavery $z United States $v Fiction.

Subject Slavery

Coverage.spatial United States

Type Fiction

interoperability between lcsh and fast
Interoperability between LCSH and FAST
  • Separating syntax from semantics, the syntax can be simplified while retaining the richness of vocabulary in LCSH is retained,
  • FAST and LCSH can co-exist.
for more information
For more information:

Chan, Lois Mai et. al. “A Faceted Approach to Subject Data in the Dublin Core Metadata Record.” Journal of Internet Cataloging. Volume 4, no. 1-2, 2001, p. 35-47.

O’Neill, Edward T. et. Al. “Form Subdivisions: Their Identification and Use in LCSH.” Accepted for publication in Library Resources & Technical Services.

For a copy of this presentation:

www.wcp.oclc.org/FAST