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Skin Cancer Prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Skin Cancer Prevention. Peters 2013. Skin Cancer Facts/Stats. Skin cancer is the most common of all cancer types. More than 3.5 million skin cancers are diagnosed each year in the United States. That's more than all other cancers combined.

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Skin cancer facts stats
Skin Cancer Facts/Stats

  • Skin cancer is the most common of all cancer types.

  • More than 3.5 million skin cancers are diagnosed each year in the United States. That's more than all other cancers combined.

  • The number of skin cancer cases has been going up over the past few decades.

Skin cancer prevention and early detection
Skin Cancer Prevention and Early Detection

  • The good news is that you can do a lot to protect yourself and your family from skin cancer, or to catch it early enough so that it can be treated effectively.

  • Most skin cancers are caused by too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Most of this exposure comes from the sun, but some may come from manmade sources, such as indoor tanning beds.

What is skin cancer
What is skin cancer?

There are 2 main types of skin cancers: keratinocyte cancers (basal and squamous cell skin cancers) and melanomas.

  • Basal and squamous cell skin cancers are by far the most common cancers of the skin. They develop from cells called keratinocytes, the most common cells in the skin.

  • Melanomas are cancers that develop from melanocytes, the cells that make the brown pigment that gives skin its color. Melanocytes can also form benign (non-cancerous) growths called moles.

    Learn more:

How do i protect myself from uv rays
How do I protect myself from UV rays?

Some people think about sun protection only when they spend a day at the lake, beach, or pool. But sun exposure adds up day after day, and it happens every time you are in the sun.

Simply staying in the shade is one of the best ways to limit your UV exposure. If you are going to be in the sun, “Slip! Slop! Slap! and Wrap” is a catch phrase that can help you remember some of the key steps you can take to protect yourself from UV rays:

  • Slip on a shirt.

  • Slop on sunscreen.

  • Slap on a hat.

  • Wrap on sunglasses to protect the eyes and sensitive skin around them.

    Learn More:

Skin exams
Skin Exams

Most skin cancers can be found early with skin exams.

  • Both regular exams by your doctor and checking your own skin frequently can help find cancers early, when they are easier to treat.

    Here's how to perform your own skin check:

What should i look for
What should I look for?

Skin cancers can show up in a variety of shapes and sizes. Be sure to show your doctor any abnormal areas that concern you, especially if they have just appeared or have changed recently.

More information:

Possible signs of melanoma
Possible signs of melanoma

The ABCDE rule is another guide to the usual signs of melanoma. Be on the lookout and tell your doctor about spots that have any of the following features:

  • A is for Asymmetry: One half of a mole or birthmark does not match the other.

  • B is for Border:The edges are irregular, ragged, notched, or blurred.

  • C is for Color: The color is not the same all over and may include shades of brown or black, or sometimes with patches of pink, red, white, or blue.

  • D is for Diameter:The spot is larger than 6 millimeters across (about ¼ inch – the size of a pencil eraser), although melanomas can sometimes be smaller than this.

  • E is for Evolving: The mole is changing in size, shape, or color.

Choosing the right spf in sunscreen
Choosing the Right SPF in Sunscreen

  • SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor. The higher the SPF number, the better protection against the sun's harmful UVB rays.

  • The SPF number lets you know how much longer you can stay out of the sun without burning. For example, if it takes 15 minutes for a person to burn, an SPF 15 will allow them to stay out in the sun 15 times longer without burning.

Uva and uvb protection
UVA and UVB Protection

The label of the sunscreen will indicate the UVA or UVB protection.

  • UVA rays are responsible for the aging effect of the sun; however, overexposure to UVA rays can cause skin cancer.

  • UVB rays are responsible for sunburns and skin cancer.

    Choose a product that states, "UVA/UVB," protection or has "broad spectrum" protectant.

Waterproof vs water resistant
Waterproof vs. Water Resistant

If you are looking for a sunscreen to use while in the water, choose a sunscreen that is "waterproof" or "water resistant."

  • "Waterproof" sunscreen should provide protection in the water for 80 minutes.

  • "Water resistant" provides only 40 minutes of protection.

Common sunscreen mistakes
Common Sunscreen Mistakes

  • Applying sunscreen AFTER going outdoors.

  • Sunscreen needs to be applied 15 to 30 minutes BEFORE going outside to give it time to be absorbed into the skin. Follow manufacturer's instructions for absorption time, which is typically up to 30 minutes before heading outside. Read:How to Properly Apply Sunscreen

Common sunscreen mistakes1
Common Sunscreen Mistakes

2. Not applying enough sunscreen.

  • Experts recommend that an adult should use about 1 ounce of sunscreen for adequate coverage. Remember that all body parts that will be exposed to the sun need to be protected. Most people forget to apply sunscreen to their face, ears, neck and feet.

Common sunscreen mistakes2
Common Sunscreen Mistakes

3. Not reapplying after swimming or sweating.

  • Sunscreen that is not labeled "waterproof" or "water resistant" does come off while you're in the water or sweating. Even waterproof and water-resistant sunscreen provide a limited window of protection. Check the product label to learn how often to reapply it. Most provide between 45 minutes to 2 hours of coverage. Read:Which is the Best Sunscreen For Your Skin Type?

Common sunscreen mistakes3
Common Sunscreen Mistakes

4. Using sunscreen only when it is sunny.

  • Sunscreen needs to be used on both sunny and cloudy days. Harmful UV rays can still affect people when it's cloudy. It's important to keep in mind that all people are at risk of skin damage caused by the sun's harmful UV rays, so it is crucial to wear sunscreen regardless of your skin tone or ethnicity. Read:Who's Most At Risk for Skin Cancer?

Have a fun summer
Have a Fun Summer!

It has been a pleasure, I hope you all enjoy the outdoors safely this summer!