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Hathairat Kunakornsakul Pichet Pinit June 15, 2012

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  1. 21st Century Skills of Undergraduate Students in Science and Technology: An Information Literacy Assessment HathairatKunakornsakul PichetPinit June 15, 2012 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  2. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Background 21stCentury Learning Environment INFORMATION LITERACY (IL) 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  3. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Background What is Information Literacy? Spectrum of Literacy Education Lifelong Learning Traditional Literacy - Read - Write - Calculate Information Literacy * Computer Literacy + Information finding + Info Understanding + Info/Value Creation + Collaboration with others through communication = Ability to solve problems, take advantage of information technology and networks Corporate Education General Public Education Computer Literacy - PC Operation - Email - Word processor - Spread sheet - Presentation tool - Groupware - Database access o Information Literacy Tertiary Education Secondary Education oComputer Literacy Elementary Education oTraditional Literacy Source: Nishimuro, 1999 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  4. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Background Why is Information Literacy important? Define Use • Complex digital information landscape Information • Knowledge society transferable skills, lifelong learning Access Locate • Independent learning • Key aspect in every organization INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS Stages to develop a meta-competency encapsulating the generic skills of defining, locating, accessingandusinginformation 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  5. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Background 21st Century Student Outcomes and Support Systems Thailand National Education Act B.E. 2542 (1999) Source: http://www.onec.go.th INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS Thailand National ICT Policy Framework 2011-2020 Source: http://www.p21.org Source: http://www.ict2020.in.th 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  6. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Background Science and Technology “In a rapidly-evolving world, science and technology education is an important instrument in the search for sustainable development and poverty reduction. Yet educational systems are faced with the challenge of science and technology education that has lost relevance not being able to adapt to current scientific and technological developments.” (UNESCO, 2011) “…These disciplines are rapidly changing and it is vital to the practicing scientist and engineer that they know how to keep up with new developments and new sources of experimental/research data”(ACRL, 2006) Limitation of research about IL skills development in Thai context especially in Science and Technology disciplines Image source: http://www.eng.kmutt.ac.th 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  7. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Objectives Objectives • • To investigate the IL skills level of undergraduate students in Science and Technology • • To identify the needed IL skills improvement of undergraduate students in Science and Technology Images source: http://www.eng.kmutt.ac.th 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  8. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Methodology Participants 550 freshmen in Science and Technology at King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi who enrolled in GEN121-Learning and Problem Solving Skills course (2nd semester/2011) Materials Part I: General Information of Participant Questionnaire Part II: Information Research Skills Part III: Open-ended Comments Analysis of data 442 completed questionnaires were analyzed by the basic statistics to show the response rate of the answers. Image source: http://www.eng.kmutt.ac.th 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  9. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Methodology A. Defining the information need B. Formulating the research topic and identifying the concepts INFORMATION RESEARCH PROCESS Source: Mittermeyer & Quirion, 2003 C. Developing a search strategy C.1 “Mapping” the concepts and formulating the search statement C.2 Selecting document types C.3 Selecting search tools C.4 Refining the search statement D. Executing the search E. Using the results E.1 Locating and retrieving documents E.2 Evaluating information E.3 Citing sources 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  10. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Methodology Questionnaire Area 1 Concept identification Part I: General Information of Participant Area 2 Search strategy INFORMATION RESEARCH SKILLS TEST based on ACRL standards Source: Mittermeyer & Quirion, 2003 Part II: Information Research Skills Area 3 Documents types Area 4 Search tools Part III: Open-ended Comments Area 5 Use of results The Working Group on Library Instruction of the Subcommittee on Libraries of the Conference on Rectors and Principles of Quebec Universities (CREPUQ) 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  11. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Part I: General Information of Participants Table 1: Information of participants 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  12. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion High High Medium Figure 1: Results from student self-assessments 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  13. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Part II: Information Research Skills Q4 Using appropriate terms to identify the main concepts Q8 Distinguishing between significant and non-significant words Q13 Formulating synonym to identify a concept Figure 2: Result of Concept Identification 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  14. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Q2 Using keywords Q9 Using Boolean operator “OR” Q11 Using appropriate search indexes Q12 Using a thesaurus to get the preferred vocabulary for a particular database Q16 Using Boolean operator “AND” Figure 3: Result of Search Strategy 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  15. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Q3 Knowing when to cite an encyclopedia Q15 Knowing when to cite a scholarly journal Q20 Knowing the criteria of a scholarly journal Figure 4: Result of Document Types 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  16. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Q1 Knowing when to use a database Q6 Knowing when to use a search engine Q7 Knowing how to find information in a library catalogue Q14 Knowing the characteristics of meta-search engines Q17 Knowing what information can be found in a library catalogue Figure 5: Result of Search Tools 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  17. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Q5 Recognizing the type of document in a bibliographic reference Q10 Knowing what a bibliography is Q18 Knowing the criteria used in evaluating the quality of a website Q19 Knowing when to include a reference to avoid plagiarism Figure 6: Result of Use of Results 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  18. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Table 2: Summary of results by areas of information research process Note: *A rate of above 50% of participant who selected the correct answers The average range score = 5-8 points from 20 points 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  19. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Results & Discussion Part III: Open-ended Comments “It would be great if our university set ‘How to operate each available database in library’ as a mandatory program” “I think I am not concerned with these skills” “The questions in this assessment are quite hard for me as I have no knowledge in these skills” Open-ended Comments “Any particular courses of these skills in our university?” “Because of limited knowledge in information literacy, most of people cannot use information effectively” “Google is the most easily used search tool, it’s quite boring to find information from such complex databases” “Google only!” 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  20. 21st CENTURY SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: AN INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT Conclusions Conclusions • • Limited information comprehensions in all five areas of information research process • A mandatory program of IL skills evaluation for new entry students • IL skills development courses for particular students in Science and Technology Images source: http://www.eng.kmutt.ac.th 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul

  21. End of presentation Thank you for your attention 53501817@st.kmutt.ac.th Ph.D. Candidate in Learning Innovation in Technology Program HathairatKunakornsakul