Nature Vs. Nurture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nature Vs. Nurture
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Nature Vs. Nurture

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  1. Nature Vs. Nurture By, JanellyPerez

  2. The Debate • For years the nature vs. nurture debate has been an issue in psychology. • The debate is how genetic inheritance and environmental factors play in a persons development and characteristics and which one plays a bigger role

  3. What does “Nature” Necessarily Mean? • Nature refers to an individuals qualities based on their genes • Physical traits • Personality traits • Etc. • These traits stay the same regardless from where you were born and raised • Encoded by; • Biological factors • Family Factors

  4. Examples of Nature • A girl was born with brown hair because her parents hair was brown too. • Therefore; her brown hair was inherited • Genetic diseases • Eye color • Hair color • Skin color • Height

  5. What does “Nurture” Necessarily Mean? • According to Simplypsychology.com, “Nurture… which refers to all environmental influences after conception, i.e. experience.” • In other words • What an individual learns by its surroundings and experiences

  6. Examples of nurture • Suppose a man had parents who both consumed drugs on a daily basis, and their son began to use drugs as he got older • This may have been a result of “nurture” • Because; he was around this type of environment and this is what he learned • A child might observe and be taught how to be poliet by saying “please” and “thank you” • Academic Achievement

  7. Nature V Nurture with identical twins • Twins are often used in a variety of studies to uncover the truth behind nature and nurture and which one takes more effect.

  8. Twins separated at birth case • In this case, researchers focused on identical twins who were separated at birth. • Were both adopted by different families • They were raised apart

  9. Nature in the case • When they met they found that they both shared many similiarities • Suffered headaches • Bit their nails • Smoked Salems • Took up woodworking • Vacationed on the same beach in Florida

  10. Why is it “nature” • Both of the twins were separated at birth, they had no contact with each other and therefore had no way of observing or knowing what each of them liked and learning from each other • Despite the differences of their environment both still shared plenty of similarities • What they liked comes from their genes and are genetic • Twins share the same genotype and usually resemble each other closely

  11. Nature VS Nurture in Psychology • Empiricists • We are they way we are because of our experiences • Mind begins as a blank slate (tabula rasa) • Characteristics are as a result of learning • Philosophers such as John Locke were empiricists • Nativists • Certain traits are inborn and occur naturally because of your genes regardless from your environmental influences • Philosophers such as Plato and Descartes suggested this theory

  12. A nativist theory • Noam Chomsky’s concept of a language acquisition device (LAD) • All children are born with a mental capacity that gives them the ability to learn and produce a language

  13. An Empiricist theory • Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory • People learn by the observation of others • Children are surrounded by many influential models such as • their parents • characters on TV • friends • teachers • etc. • These are models that children are able to observe and imitate

  14. Media • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wd5Y3-F79LY • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJAB7OS4fXg

  15. The conclusion • Is Human Behavior affected by nature or nurture? • Nature and Nurture both play a role in a persons traits, they both operate together and somewhat equal • For example • Many families have genetics that gives them a great advantage in musical, mathematical, or verbal intelligences • However, this does not mean that you will have these advantages if you do not practice them. • If you are raised in a home with no sign of music, math, or verbal communication you will not develop these advantages since you are not exposed to them. • It simply demonstrates that you have a genetic possibility for being outstanding in these areas. • There is no telling whether If nature or nurture takes a bigger role in a persons life. Without either or, a person would not be the way they are. A persons brains varies and is different in its own ways because of genes and environmental factors

  16. Works Cited • http://psychology.about.com/od/nindex/g/nature-nurture.htm • http://www.diffen.com/difference/Nature_vs_Nurture • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Asrath-420219-nature-vs-nurture-lecture-psychology-education-ppt-powerpoint/ • http://www.simplypsychology.org/naturevsnurture.html • http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/faculty/baldwin/classes/soc142/n&n.html • http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/understanding-nature-nurture-twins • http://www.scpr.org/programs/airtalk/2012/07/18/27453/how-twins-separated-at-birth-inform-the-nature-ver/ • http://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html