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The Skills Mismatch: the biggest problem facing the next Government. Lord Baker of Dorking CH. Sunday Times Festival of Education, Wellington College 20 th June 2014. We know the problem:. In 2013, the top two shortages for jobs worldwide were for skilled trades workers and engineers .

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the skills mismatch the biggest problem facing the next government

The Skills Mismatch: the biggest problem facing the next Government

Lord Baker of Dorking CH

Sunday Times Festival of Education, Wellington College

20th June 2014

we know the problem
We know the problem:

In 2013, the top two shortages for jobs worldwide were for skilled trades workers and engineers.

Global Talent Shortage Survey, Manpower Group

huge numbers of people will be needed by 2020
Huge numbers of people will be needed by 2020

Between 2012 and 2020, we need –

  • 830,000 SET professionals (degree level)
  • 450,000 SET technicians (levels 3 and 4)

SET = science, engineering and technology

Figures include growth + replacement demand (mainly to replace baby boomers planning to retire)

but supply won t meet demand

UNIVERSITIES

But supply won’t meet demand

Demand for science, engineering and technology graduates: 104,000 per year between 2012 and 2020

Number of new graduates taking UK jobs in SET occupations: 64,000 per year

Shortfall: 40,000 graduates per year

percentage of graduates in non graduate jobs 30 months after graduating by class of degree
Percentage of graduates in non-graduate jobs 30 months after graduating, by class of degree
  • Purcell K, Elias P, Atfield G, Behle H, Ellison R and Luchinskaya D (2013), Futuretrack: Transitions into Employment, Further Study and Other Outcomes. Manchester: Higher Education Careers Services Unit
slide10
Employment in retail, catering, waiting and bar jobs six months after completing a first degree in 2012

AGCAS and HECSU (2013), What Do Graduates Do?

http://www.hecsu.ac.uk/assets/assets/documents/WDGD_Sept_2013.pdf

slide11

SCHOOLS

Over the last 20 years, there has been a steady erosion of laboratory skills taught in school science.

Gatsby Charitable Foundation

slide12

The development of D & T in the UK has seen a move away from a skills-focused curriculum to a knowledge-focused one.

Mike Martin and Gwyneth Owen-Jackson:

Is design and technology about making or knowing?

therefore the proportion of all students taking high tech options is
Therefore the proportion of all students taking high-tech options is…

Resistant Materials: 8.4%

Electronic Products: 1.4%

Systems and Control: 0.6%

slide16

FURTHER EDUCATION

  • In Austria, technical and vocational education starts at 14.
  • In England, most technical and vocational education starts at 16 – two years behind.
percentage of each age group participating in apprenticeships at the end of 2012
Percentage of each age group participating in apprenticeships at the end of 2012
slide23

We need new specialist institutions

“Smaller specialist units, including

University Technical Colleges,

should be created with stronger links

to business, commerce and industry.”

Sir Michael Wilshaw, Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector

Unseen Children, speech, 20 June 2013

slide30

Career Colleges

  • Established by further education colleges subjects linked to labour market – hospitality, catering, tourism, financial science, digital graphic art.
  • Employers:
    • partners in designing and delivering the curriculum
    • 40% of career college board members
  • Progression to apprenticeships, higher education and employment
  • Two pioneering Career Colleges opening in September 2014 in Bootle and Oldham.
slide33

My recommendations

  • Get in touch with your local school. Don’t take “no” for an answer.
  • Rally behind a smaller number of big initiatives in schools.
  • Support teachers, especially in Design and Technology.
  • Get a 3D printer into every school.
slide34

A FINAL THOUGHT

A target for all schools:

NO NEETS