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Section 2-Polling Question. A B. When you are involved a debate, do you prefer to have others on your side helping or to argue on your own? A. Others helping B. On your own. Chapter 6 The American Revolution (1776-1783). Section 2 The War Continues. Essential Question.

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Section 2-Polling Question


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section 2 polling question
Section 2-Polling Question
  • A
  • B

When you are involved a debate, do you prefer to have others on your side helping or to argue on your own?

A.Others helping

B.On your own

essential question
Essential Question

How did the United States gain allies and aid during the Revolutionary War?

  • How did the United States gain allies and aid during the Revolutionary War?
after saratoga
After Saratoga
  • Saratoga was a turning point, Patriot victory now seemed possible
  • European nations, especially France saw that the Americans might actually win
  • Ben Franklin went to Paris, France to seek French support
  • The French gave to the Americans secretly, but were not their allies…..yet
france
France
  • After Saratoga, France openly announced their support of the United States
  • February 1778- France and the US worked out a trade agreement and an alliance
  • France declared war on Britain
  • Also sent money, equipment, and troops to aid (help) the Patriots
spain
Spain
  • Other European nations helped as well, mainly because they hated the British
  • Spain did not recognize American Independence, but still declared war on Britain in1779
  • The Spanish governor of Louisiana, Bernardo de Galvez raised an army
  • This army forced the British out and captured forts at Mobile and Pensacola
  • This diverted British troops from other fronts of the war
section 2
Section 2
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

What is the main reason that European nations helped the Americans fight for independence?

A.They knew America would become a superpower one day.

B.The American politicians promised them money in return.

C.They admired their cause.

D.They disliked the British.

winter of 1777 1778
Winter of 1777-1778
  • Howe and the British spent the winter in comfort in Philadelphia
  • About 20 miles west, Washington set up his camp at Valley Forge
  • Washington and the army endured terrible suffering
  • Lacked food, clothing, shelter, and medicine
  • Washington’s biggest challenge was keeping the army together
valley forge
Valley Forge
  • Due to snowstorms and damaged roads, it was hard to get supplies in
  • The Continental army build huts and gathered supplies from the countryside
  • Volunteers, including Martha Washington, made clothes and cared for the sick
  • Washington said no army had ever suffered “such uncommon hardships” with such “patience and fortitude.”
joseph martin at valley forge
Joseph Martin at Valley Forge
  • Joseph Martin, a young private from Connecticut wrote;
  • “Most of the men lacked blankets, shoes, and shirts.”
  • Martin made a pair of rough moccasins and later wrote
  • “The only alternative I had, was to endure this inconvenience and go barefoot, as hundreds of my companions had to, till they might be tracked by their blood upon the rough frozen ground”
more of valley forge
More of Valley Forge
  • Many men deserted (left without permission)
  • Some officers resigned
  • The army was falling apart
  • With strong determination, the Continental Army survived the winter
  • Conditions improved and new recruits joined
  • “The army grows stronger everyday”
  • April 1778, Washington told the troops of the alliance with France
  • The Army celebrated with a religious festival and a parade
help from overseas
Help From Overseas
  • Among the leaders at Valley Forge was a French nobleman- the Marquis de Lafayette
  • Lafayette offered his help to Washington and became a trusted aide to him
  • Others also helped the American cause including polish engineer Thaddeus Kosciusko and cavalry officer Casimir Pulaski
more help from overseas
More Help From Overseas
  • Prussian officer Friedrich von Steuben helped drill the Patriot troops at Valley Forge
  • Taught the soldiers military discipline
  • Turned the ragged group into an effective fighting force
  • Spaniard Juan de Miralles befriended the Patriot leaders and loaned money to the cause
  • Other Europeans who had recently moved to the United States joined the Patriot cause
  • Even with help, the Continental Army still needed large amounts of money to continue to fight the war
money problems
Money Problems
  • Getting money to finance the war was a major problem
  • Continental Congress had no power to raise money through taxes
  • Some money came in from the states and other countries, but much more was needed
  • Congress and the states printed hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of paper money
  • There was not enough gold or silver backing them and they lost value
  • This led to inflation
  • No one would take the money and Congress stopped making them
changing attitude
Changing Attitude
  • Ideals of liberty and freedom inspired the American Revolution
  • These same ideals caused some women to question their place and treatment in American society
  • Judith Sargeant Murray argued that women’s minds are as good as men’s
  • Therefore women should also get an education
  • Abigail Adams also stood up for women’s interests
hopes for equality
Hopes For Equality
  • The ideals of the Revolutionary War led some white Americans to question slavery
  • Governor Livingston of New Jersey asked the legislature to free all enslaved people in the state
  • Livingston said slavery was “utterly inconsistent with the principles of Christianity and humanity”
  • Many other states attempted to end slavery
  • The issue (matter) of slavery would remain unsettled for many years
treatment of loyalists
Treatment of Loyalists
  • Thousands of Loyalists fought for the British
  • Some spied on Patriots
  • Many fled the colonies
  • Those that remained faced difficult times
  • Shunned by neighbors
  • Became victims of mob violence

Britannia offers solace and a promise of compensation for her exiled American born Loyalists.

essential question18
Essential Question
  • How did the United States gain allies and aid during the Revolutionary War?
  • Britain had many European Rivals
  • Benjamin Franklin convinced France to send money
  • After Saratoga, other British rivals joined
  • How did the United States gain allies and aid during the Revolutionary War?
george washington s greatest challenge at valley forge was keeping
George Washington's greatest challenge at Valley Forge was keeping
  • the British away.
  • his spirits up.
  • his army together.
  • entertainment for his army.
who made clothes for the troops and cared for the sick at valley forge
Who made clothes for the troops and cared for the sick at Valley Forge?
  • Abigail Adams
  • Judith Sargeant Murray
  • Martha Washington
  • Betsy Ross
the man who turned the ragged continental army into a more efficient fighting force was
The man who turned the ragged Continental Army into a more efficient fighting force was
  • Casimir Pulaski.
  • Friedrich von Steuben.
  • Thaddeus Kosciusko.
  • Juan de Miralles.
the nation that made an alliance with the revolutionary united states in 1778 was
The nation that made an alliance with the revolutionary United States in 1778 was
  • Spain.
  • France.
  • Great Britain.
  • Canada.