Therapy involves: • Identifying the problem • Identifying the cause • Deciding a form of treatment
Types of therapists: • Counseling psychologists • Clinical psychologists • Psychiatrists • Psychiatric nurse practitioners • Psychoanalysts • Clinical social workers • Pastoral counselors
Treatment Used on Is Based on the Therapists Background. Behavioral therapies
Cont. • Some believe they are biologically rooted • Some believe they are a response to social conditions
Therapies Are Classified Into Two Main Categories: structured verbal intervention. directly impact the nervous system.
Psychotherapy is a Planned, Emotionally Charged Confiding Interaction Between a Trained Socially Sanctioned Healer and a Sufferer.
There are two categories of psychotherapies: • Insight or talk therapies
Cont. • free association
Cont. • resistance
Cont. • results from anxiety and repression.
. • Few psychoanalysts today
The Best Known Is Carl Roger’s client centered therapy Problems occur when positive self-image is threatened.
Uses a Technique Called Reflective Listening • Constantly seeking clarification
Systematic Desensitization. • introduced by psychiatrist Joseph Wolpe in 1958.
Cont. • Mary Cover Jones’s rabbit experiment showed how to eliminate a child’s fear.
Exposure treatment • A more aggressive type of systematic desensitization
Cont. The person’s ability to discriminate real from fiction impacts the effectiveness of this treatment.
Dialectic behavior therapy • Focuses on getting people to accept themselves
Thinking Affects Feelings. • Depressed people misinterpret things.
Rational Emotive Therapy • Created by Albert Ellis • problems arise from irrational thinking.
Many cognitive therapists feel depressed people do not possess aself serving bias.
Interpersonal therapy Concentrates on improving social relationships by building social skills
All of these therapies except for traditional psychoanalysis can occur in small groups.