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Basic Verb Tenses. Present Tenses. Simple Present. This tense describes present actions that are habitual or facts that are always true. I walk You walk He/She/It walks We walk They walk. Present Progressive.

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Basic Verb Tenses

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simple present
Simple Present

This tense describes present actions that are habitual or facts that are always true.

I walk

You walk

He/She/It walks

We walk

They walk

present progressive
Present Progressive

This tense describes an action occurring at the moment of speaking or writing.

I am walking

You are walking

He/She/It is walking

We are walking

They are walking

what s the difference
What’s the difference?

It can be easy to confuse the simple present and the present progressive tenses. In fact the two tenses can be used to describe the same action, but the speaker would use them at different times and in different situations.

For instance, if you asked a friend what he or she was doing, the friend might reply: “I am going to the store.” However, if you asked your friend when he or she shops, the friend might say “I go to the store on Tuesdays.”

present perfect
Present Perfect

Present perfect describes a present condition that is influenced by past events.

“I have walked” means that I am in the condition of having walked.

Though present perfect describes past events it is a present tense.

I have walked

You have walked

He/She/It has walked

We have walked

They have walked

simple past
Simple Past

Use the past tense for events that happened in the past.

I walked

You walked

He/She/It walked

We walked

They walked

past progressive
Past Progressive

Past progressive still describes events that have already happened, but were ongoing, and is often used to compare an ongoing past event to an event in the simple past.

Ex. I was eating lunch when I saw the car.

I was walking

You were walking

He/She/It was walking

We were walking

They were walking

past perfect
Past Perfect

Past perfect is used for past events which occurred prior to another past event.

Ex.: I had eaten all the sandwiches when you got home.

I had walked

You had walked

He/She/It had walked

We had walked

They had walked

simple future
Simple Future

Use the simple future tense to describe events that will happen in the future.

I will walk

You will walk

He/She/It will walk

We will walk

They will walk

simple future with going to
Simple Future with “Going to”

You can also use “going to” to describe future events.

I am going to walk

You are going to walk

He/She/It is going to walk

We are going to walk

They are going to walk

future progressive
Future Progressive

Use this tense for future ongoing events. It is often used in the context of other future events.

Ex. I will be running when the show comes on.

Tip!: Notice how the second verb “comes” is in present tense, but still refers to a future event.

I will be walking

You will be walking

He/She/It will be walking

We will be walking

They will be walking

future perfect
Future Perfect

The future perfect tense describes a future state influenced by events that took place prior to that time.

It also uses a second verb in present tense that really talks about a future event.

Ex. I will have eaten supper by the time you get home.

I will have walked

You will have walked

He/She/It will have walked

We will have walked

They will have walked