Southern Colony Settlement. Reasons for European Migrations to the Americas in the 17 c. English Colonization. The Charter of the Virginia Company: Guaranteed to colonists the same rights as Englishmen as if they had stayed in England.
There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…
“And one amongst the rest did kill his wife, powdered [salted] her, and had eaten part of her before it was knowne, for which hee was executed, as hee well deserved; now whether shee was better roasted, boyled or carbonado'd [grilled], I know not, but of such a dish as powdered wife I never heard of.” – John Smith
High mortality among husbands and fathers left many women in the Chesapeake colonies with unusual autonomy and wealth!
Pocahontas “saves” Captain John Smith
A 1616 engraving
What finally made the colony prosperous??
Virginia’s gold and silver. -- John Rolfe, 1612
1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.
1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.
1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.
1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.
Indentured Contract, 1746
Chosen governor of Plymouth 30 times in yearly elections.
Worried about settlements of non-Puritans springing up nearby and corrupting Puritan society.
..we shall be as a “City on a hill". The eyes of all people are upon us.
Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household.
Patriarchal ministers and magistrates controlled church congregations and household patriarchs.