Southern Colony Settlement. Reasons for European Migrations to the Americas in the 17 c. English Colonization. The Charter of the Virginia Company: Guaranteed to colonists the same rights as Englishmen as if they had stayed in England.
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There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…
“And one amongst the rest did kill his wife, powdered [salted] her, and had eaten part of her before it was knowne, for which hee was executed, as hee well deserved; now whether shee was better roasted, boyled or carbonado'd [grilled], I know not, but of such a dish as powdered wife I never heard of.” – John Smith
High mortality among husbands and fathers left many women in the Chesapeake colonies with unusual autonomy and wealth!
Pocahontas “saves” Captain John Smith
A 1616 engraving
What finally made the colony prosperous??
Virginia’s gold and silver. -- John Rolfe, 1612
1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.
1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.
1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.
1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.
Indentured Contract, 1746
Chosen governor of Plymouth 30 times in yearly elections.
Worried about settlements of non-Puritans springing up nearby and corrupting Puritan society.
..we shall be as a “City on a hill". The eyes of all people are upon us.
Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household.
Patriarchal ministers and magistrates controlled church congregations and household patriarchs.