Legal Issues. Chapter 1 Pages 2 to 58. Legal Rights and responsibilities Knowledge of everyday legal problems/issues Analyze, evaluate, maybe learn how to solve legal disputes. Topics of interest. What types of legal issues will we address?. Criminal Juvenile
Pages 2 to 58
Divides into 2 categories
Felonies: Crimes punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year
Misdemeanors: Less serious than felonies, punished by a prison sentence less than one year.
What can one get out of a civil action?
If Shannon attacks Katla, Shannon may have to pay Katla’s medical bills (civil) and may be charged with assault (criminal).
May veto a law passed by Congress
Ex: In 2004 President Bush created an executive order to strengthen the sharing of information on terrorism.Executive Branch
Comprised of 2 houses…
Senate (2 members from each state)
House of Representatives (according to population of state)
environmental quality public health
national defense civil rights
labor relations econ. development
veterans’ affairs postal services
marriage and divorce
powers/duties of state officials
Example of a poorly drafted law: “It shall be illegal to gather on a street corner without a good reason.”
2 parties involved
Plaintiff- Party initiating legal action
In a criminal trial, the government (state or federal) serves as the prosecutor.
Defendant- The party responding to the plaintiff.
*Judge gives jury wrong instructions, judge permits evidence that should not have been allowed.
How has the USSC changed our lives?
Ended segregation in public schools
Ended forced prayer in public schools
Upheld all-male draft registration
65% private practice
15% gov’t lawyers
15% corporate/union/trade association
5% public interest, legal aid, professors, judges, elected officials
Retainer- down payment on total fee
Contingency fee- attorney gets % of winnings in the case. If you don’t win there is no fee assessed.Hiring an attorney