Christian Development. History up to the Schism. The early Christian church. Watch the video and answer the following: http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=laHcgdE55Mo Tour of orthodox church building http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsHmw0KvKMc.
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History up to the Schism
Watch the video and answer the following:
Tour of orthodox church building
The title of Pope began to be given to the bishop of Rome – he was seen as the successor of St. Peter
The position of Pope kept Western Christianity stable
Study of scriptures helped to make Christian teachings more consistent
Theology (particularly work of St Augustine) helped Christians remain hopeful.
Monasteries became central to maintaining Christianity
Because the empire was divided (Eastern and Western), differences developed
The East was stable politically, while the West was facing huge changes
The Eastern traditions lived in isolation, so the traditions remained constant
A key difference between East and West was (and is) the use of icons
Icon – a sacred image (e.g. painting) of Christ or the saints used in devotion and rituals
The second conflict that led to the schism was the adding of a short phrase to the creed.
The Eastern Church took issue with the fact that it was said that the Holy Spirit “proceeded from the Father and the Son”
A series of conflicts led to a split in 1054 between the Eastern (Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic) Churches
Conflicts continued for hundreds of years after
Infant sacraments of initiation celebrated
Celibate and non-celibate priesthood
Liturgy in different form
Eucharist received always in both forms (bread and wine)
While looking at the pictures and videos:
Describe the architecture of Orthodox churches. What does the inside and outside look like?
Describe what the priests wear. How is it different than other Christian clergy?
Describe the Eucharist (communion). How does it differ from other Christian churches?
Describe the Divine Liturgy. How is it different the Mass or services in other Christian denominations?
Domes, orthodox cross, icon screen, sanctuary
Note: both forms, on a spoon leavened bread, different altar vessels, young children receive
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l09khpR4XVk first communion
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CkWwkyjZT6w&feature=related - Christmas liturgy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kgnuliJ0YSg - little entrance