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WORLD WAR I. 1914 - 1918. Causes of World War I. MILITARISM – creation of large powerful militaries and stockpiling weapons ALLIANCE SYSTEM – nations pledge to protect and support each other IMPERIALISM – when a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation (to gain $, power, respect)

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World war i

WORLD WAR I

1914 - 1918


Causes of world war i
Causes of World War I

  • MILITARISM – creation of large powerful militaries and stockpiling weapons

  • ALLIANCE SYSTEM – nations pledge to protect and support each other

  • IMPERIALISM – when a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation (to gain $, power, respect)

  • NATIONALISM – pride or love for one’s nation


The assassination of the archduke
THE ASSASSINATION OFTHE ARCHDUKE

Shot Rings Throughout Europe



The assassin gavrilo princip 1914
The Assassin- SophieGavrilo Princip - 1914


World war i

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia… Sophie

Little do they know Allies are waiting in the wings

Propaganda like this was recruiting allied soldiers


World war i

No smiling and relaxed faces… Sophie

No clean uniforms…

Their equipment is scattered everywhere…

Boredom and sleep are obvious…


Life in the trenches
Life in the trenches Sophie

  • Millions of rats! (~900 offspring a year)

    • Brown rats ate human remains

    • Grew to the size of cats

  • Lice

    • Leads to trench fever

  • Trench foot (fungal infection)

    • Cold, wet, blood, urine, vomit, feces

  • Smell

    • Rotting bodies, gas, feet, etc.

  • “No man’s land”


World war i

Trench Foot Sophie


World war i

No Man’s Land Sophie

  • The area between trenches of opposing armies

  • Covered with barbed wire, mines, and fallen soldiers




Poisonous gas
Poisonous Gas gun

  • This war was also the first to use chlorine and mustard gas. The German army was the first to use chlorine in 1915.

  • French soldiers had not come across this before and assumed that it was a smoke screen. It has a distinctive smell – a mixture of pepper and pineapple – and they only realized they were being gassed when they started to have chest pains and a burning sensation in their throats!

  • Death is painful – you suffocate.





U boats
U-Boats gun

The U-boat campaign can be broken into two distinct phases. The first was aimed at allied surface warships; The second, and ultimately more successful, was targeted towards allied shipping - using the U-boat as a tool to enforce an embargo.







Casualties
CASUALTIES gun

GRAND TOTAL- 37 million

  • 8.5 M killed –21 M wounded 7.7 MIA

    Top losers

  • Russia- 9.15 Million Casualties

  • Germany 7.1 M

  • Austria 7 M (90% of men mobilized)

  • France 6.1 M


Effects of ww1
Effects of WW1 gun

  • ALLIES WIN!!!

  • Every continent but Antarctica involved

  • “Total War”

    • 20 million deaths (+21 million wounded)

    • $338 billion

  • Women

    • Factories, offices, shops, hospitals, etc.

  • Treaty of Versailles

    • League of Nations


Results of world war i
Results of World War I gun

  • Political Cost

  • Economic Cost

  • Treaty of Versailles

  • Making Peace