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Understanding Child Development - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Understanding Child Development. Development. Change or growth that occurs in a child Helps you plan appropriate activities for children Helps you make sure children are safe and protected from danger Helps you be a better parent or caregiver. Ages and Stages. Infant First year of life

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development
Development
  • Change or growth that occurs in a child
  • Helps you plan appropriate activities for children
  • Helps you make sure children are safe and protected from danger
  • Helps you be a better parent or caregiver
ages and stages
Ages and Stages
  • Infant
    • First year of life
  • Toddler
    • First year until 3rd birthday
  • Preschooler
    • Children ages 3-6
areas of development
Areas of Development
  • Physical Development
    • Physical body changes
    • Occurs in a predictable sequence
      • Gross motor development
        • Trunk, arms, and legs
      • Fine motor development
        • Fingers and toes
cognitive development
Cognitive Development
  • Also called intellectual or mental development
  • Refers to the mental processes used to gain knowledge
  • Language, thought, reasoning and imagination are included in this area
social emotional development
Social-Emotional Development
  • Social Development
    • Learning to relate to others
  • Emotional Development
    • Learning about personal feelings and their expression
    • Includes self-concept and self-esteem
characteristics of development
CHARACTERISTICS OF DEVELOPMENT
  • Basic patterns are similar
  • Cephalocaudal principle
    • Development moves from head down
  • Proximodistal principle
    • Development moves from spinal cord out
  • Maturation
    • The refinement (improvement of abilities)
remember
Remember:
  • Each child develops at their own rate
    • No two children will develop at exactly the same rate
    • Even identical twins will develop at different rates!