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#2 - Review Questions

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  1. #2 - Review Questions 1. What is Zionism ? 2. What was the Balfour Declaration ? 3. When was Israel established as a Jewish state?

  2. #2 AIM: What is the Six Day War? (June 1967) 34.4 Background 1960s increased tensions at Syrian border 2. Palestinians attack Israel from bases in Lebanon and Jordan and from the Golan Heights in Syria 3. Nov. 1966 – Israelis strike at Jordan leaving 18 dead and 54 wounded. Arab world demands action.

  3. 4. Egypt demands UN withdrawal from Sinai border (there since Suez Crisis) 5. May, 1967, Jordan signs a mutual defense pact with Nassar (Egypt)

  4. The Six Day War 1967 June 5-10 • Israel launches surprise pre-emptive strike. • Destroys most of Egyptian Air Force on the ground. • Knocked out 350 aircraft in first three hours. • Armored forces supported by air and infantry quickly take Sinai, Golan Heights, West Bank (including Arab portion of Jerusalem, and Gaza. • Destroyed over 200 Arab tanks in two days.

  5. Over in Six Days • Israeli’s lost 800 • Arab losses exceed 15,000 • After 6 Days UN Security Council forced a cease fire. • But terms did not specify exactly what land Israel was required to give up.

  6. Results of the Six Day War - 1967 On the Positive Side • Israel captured 42,000 square miles of territory • Jordan lost control of the West Bank and the Old City of Jerusalem • Syria lost the Golan Heights (area stretches about 12 miles into Syria.

  7. More Positives for Israel • Egypt lost the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip. • These territories served as “buffer zones” that could be militarized and absorb the impact of an Arab invasion – Israel had defensible borders

  8. The Six Day War – A Turning Point for many Muslims • 1967 – • Six Day War had shown many Muslims that God had turned away from them; • Decisive victory for the Jews; • It was a humiliating defeat for Muslims.

  9. Palestinian Refugee Camps 250,000 Palestinian refugees into nearby Arab countries

  10. Islamic Fundamentalism – • The only way back to God was to return to pure religion. • Islam at its founding – the time of Mohammed • Strict interpretation of the Koran; Sharia Law • Jihad– wage war against those that insult Islam. “Near Enemy” – impure Muslim society; secular “Distant Enemy” – the West; secular; pro Israel Most Fundamentalists are Anti-America and Israel and against equal rights for women

  11. Founder of Islamic Fundamentalism • Islamic Fundamentalism emerged as a powerful force after the triumph of Israel in 1967’s Six Day War. Many Muslims believed the catastrophe of defeat was evidence of God’s displeasure with the secularism that had spread across the Arab world. • Millions turned to the teachings of Sayyid Qutb the founder of modern Islamic fundamentalism.

  12. Qutb’s Beliefs • Qutb believed secular Muslim governments that do not implement true sharia law were enemies of Islam. • These governments should be excommunicated from the Muslim community because they have abandoned their religious faith. • (Bergen, The Longest War, pg 22)