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Lecture 7: rational choice and deterrence. rational choice. I. Background "classical school" of Beccaria & Bentham Enlightenment era, social contract II. Assumptions Individuals have free will and are rational Crime is natural and not learned (we would if we dared)

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slide1
Lecture 7:

rational choice and deterrence

chris uggen – soc 4141

rational choice
rational choice

I. Background

  • "classical school" of Beccaria & Bentham
  • Enlightenment era, social contract

II. Assumptions

  • Individuals have free will and are rational
  • Crime is natural and not learned (we would if we dared)
  • Society is held together by a social contract
  • General (normative) consensus -- shared morality

chris uggen – soc 4141

iii conceptual tools
III. conceptual tools
  • Specific Deterrence- experience of being caught and punished makes one less likely to try it again
  • General Deterrence - others learn of threat

Example: (P = probability of success, not busted)

    • What kind of rewards? Costs?
      • Rewards: Money, thrills, status
      • Costs: Fines, punishment, family, friends, stigma

Y = P*(Reward$) – ((1-P)*(Costs$))

Y = .8(500) - .2(1000) = 400 - 200 = + 200

So? Do you do it?

chris uggen – soc 4141

iv critique
iv. critique
  • Magnitude of deterrent effect
  • Decisions are moral, normative, not rational
    • rational planning is exception, not rule
  • Impossible to control delinquency through deterrence
    • 100,000 officers
  • Many "rewards" not affected by deterrence
    • e.g. masculinity
  • Weaker version of social learning (DA)
    • (unfair) RC not deterministic

chris uggen – soc 4141

v policy
V. policy
  • Q: Is the CJS based on choice theory? The JJS?
  • Specific suggestions
    • Decriminalize status offenses
    • Lower age of accountability
    • Abolish the juvenile court
    • Give determinate sentences
    • Grade the punishments

chris uggen – soc 4141

program evaluation
program evaluation
  • SCARED STRAIGHT: RAHWAY
    • Any participants?
    • Describe the treatment
    • Design and evaluation
    • Recidivism: 41% treatment, 11% control
  • Replications: no effect or worse in every well-designed study

chris uggen – soc 4141

prevention and control
prevention and control
  • Q: Lundman's 3 stages?
    • Predelinquent
      • Area projects, Individual Treatment, Scared Straight
    • Preadjudication
      • Diversion
    • Postadjudication
      • Probation, Community Treatment, Institutionalization, some Scared Straight

chris uggen – soc 4141

program evaluation1
program evaluation
  • SCARED STRAIGHT: RAHWAY
    • Any participants?
    • Describe the treatment
    • Design and evaluation
    • Recidivism: 41% treatment, 11% control
  • Replications: no effect or worse in every well-designed study

chris uggen – soc 4141

slide9
next
  • Social Psychological Theories: Differential Association

THEORY: BARTOLAS 5: SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES Pp 124-136

POLICY: LUNDMAN 8: COMMUNITY TREATMENT Pp 205-234

APPLICATION: CROSS 13: THE RICHARD NIXON LIBRARY Pp 167-178 and BURN AMERICAN FLAGS Pp 179-191

chris uggen – soc 4141