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How utilities are addressing the Water-Energy-Food Nexus. Water-Energy-Food Nexus â€“ A strategy for future water security?. Ricardo SANDOVAL. Outline. The nexus model. http://climatecommercial.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/water-food-energy-nexus-november-2011.jpg?w=600&h=371.
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How utilities are addressing the Water-Energy-Food Nexus Water-Energy-Food Nexus – A strategy for future water security? Ricardo SANDOVAL
The nexus model http://climatecommercial.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/water-food-energy-nexus-november-2011.jpg?w=600&h=371
Functions: determined by legal & regulatory framework • Resources: limitations & restrictions • People • Natural resource: availability, legal access • Financial resource: tariffs & subsidies • Institutions • Formal framework: laws & organizations • Non-formal rules: enforceability of rules (users/servants) • Framework determines relationship with other sectors • Interactions • Exchange of resources Water utilities: functions, incentives and regulations (1)
Federal Government Environmental And resource regulation Performance And tariffs regulation Ayuntamiento (City conuncil) Inspection and Law Enforcement Budgetary and Technical support + Regulations Directive Board State Gov. Public health protection Director & structure Supply water / Sanitation services Using a set of resources Manage the System Under a set of restrictions Water utilities: functions, incentives and regulations (2)The Mexican case Citizens / users Pay for the services
Agricultural production Energy Production Water utilities: functions, incentives and regulations (3)The Mexican case Water Utility Waterresource regulation Under Federal Jurisdiction Heavily dependent on Federal subsidy programs for CAPEX + weak & unstable tariff systemsfor OPEX
Environmentalassets: Chapala lake and otherwaterbodies Urbansystems: Guadalajara, León, Querétaro Experiences: basin-widecooperativeprojects Agriculturalproduction (ID’s and IU’s) Powergeneration http://www.springerimages.com/Images/RSS/1-10.1007_s12685-009-0002-7-3
Thankyou! Ricardo SANDOVAL email@example.com