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Region 159 Referee Training Course – Part 1 (Referee & Assistant Referee). WELCOME. INSTRUCTOR CONTACT INFORMATION DAVE MILLER davemiller@ayso159.net 562/493-2336 DALE GEFFREY dgeffrey@mail.com 562/493-0142 RICHARD SACCOIA 562/824-3785. Part 1 Referee Training Objectives.

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region 159 referee training course part 1 referee assistant referee

Region 159Referee Training Course – Part 1(Referee & Assistant Referee)

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

welcome
WELCOME
  • INSTRUCTOR CONTACT INFORMATION
    • DAVE MILLER
      • davemiller@ayso159.net
      • 562/493-2336
    • DALE GEFFREY
      • dgeffrey@mail.com
      • 562/493-0142
    • RICHARD SACCOIA
      • 562/824-3785

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

part 1 referee training objectives
Part 1 Referee Training Objectives
  • Understand the AYSO philosophy & team concept
  • Know the Referee’s and AR’s pre-game responsibilities
  • Learn the mechanics of Starting, Stopping, Re-starting the match
  • Know the proper field position for set plays and restarts
  • Recognize when the ball is in or out of play
  • Know the Referee’s and AR’s post-game responsibilities

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

part 1 referee training objectives cont
Part 1 Referee Training Objectives (cont)
  • Learn the Referee’s and Assistant Referee’s signals
  • Have a basic understanding of the Offside infractions and exceptions
  • Learn the Safe Haven policy and pass the Safe Haven exam

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

history of soccer
History of Soccer
  • The game of Soccer has roots as far back as the Roman Empire
    • Romans played a similar game called “Calcio”
  • The “modern” game dates back to 1863
    • A group of “Gentlemen’s Schools” met to establish common ground-rules for interplay
      • One dissenting school decided to create a different set of rules
        • That school was RUGBY

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

history of soccer cont
History of Soccer (cont)
  • FIFA (International governing body) formed in 1901
    • Maintains and Controls the “Laws of the Game” worldwide
  • USSF administers the Laws in the U.S.
    • Affiliated with and falls under jurisdiction of FIFA
  • AYSO is a direct affiliate of the USSF
    • AYSO follows the FIFA “Laws of the Game” as modified for youth Soccer
    • These modifications are authorized by FIFA law

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

ayso s guiding principles
AYSO tries to accomplish this goal with its five basic tenets:

EVERYONE PLAYS - each week

BALANCED TEAMS - balanced in ability

OPEN REGISTRATION - anyone who wants can play

POSITIVE COACHING - and parents and referees

GOOD SPORTSMANSHIP - by all participants

AYSO’s Guiding Principles
  • Our goal as Referees, in keeping with the Spirit of the Game, is to make the games:
        • SAFE
        • FAIR (The core “Spirit of the Game”)
        • FUN

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

the ayso team
The AYSO Team

How many teams are on the Field at game time?

  • There are three on the field at every game:
    • The third team consists of parents and volunteers working together to support positive child development in a safe, fair, and fun soccer environment.

Coachesare the foundation of the team because they spend the most time with the players and form relationships with them.

Referees

Parents

Refereesrepresent the authority and are expected to be Fair, while keeping the game Fun and Safe.

Coaches

Parentsand spectators provide the proper environment of support and acceptance.

Form the AYSO Team

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 1 field of play
Law 1 - Field of Play
  • Basic Requirements for a Soccer Field
  • The minimum and maximum sizes are prescribed by the laws.
  • The field must be rectangular & longer than it is wide
  • The lines on the field are considered part of the field and the areas they enclose.
  • Goals and Corner Flags must be in place
    • A net is desirable but not mandatory
  • The field must be safe to play on (goals secured, field free of debris, and hazards identified).

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 1 field of play nomenclature
Law 1 - Field of Play (nomenclature)

Touch line

 Goal Line

Penalty Area 

 Goal Area

Center Circle

Center Mark

(Kickoff)

Penalty Arc 

Goal 

Penalty Mark  (PK)

Halfway Line 

Corner Arc 

Corner Flag

Optional Flag

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 2 the ball
Law 2 – The Ball
  • Must be the properly sized and inflated for safety:

Size 3 = U6/U8

Size 4 = U10/U12

Size 5 = U14 and up

Before the game, obtain the game ball from the Home team and inspect it for size & proper inflation. With practice, you can estimate proper pressure by depressing the surface of the ball with thumb pressure. The ball should also be smooth with no loose panels.

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

pre game preparation
Arrive Early at the Field

Approximately ½ hour before game time

Pre-game Preparation
  • Inspect the Field
    • Referee & AR together
    • Check Goals for Security
    • Check for debris and other hazards.
  • 15 min. Before kick-off
    • Check Players’ Equipment
    • Inspect a game ball provided by the home team

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

pre game preparation cont
5 minutes Prior to kickoff

Conduct the coin toss

Winner chooses which goal they want to attack in the first half

Other team kicks off to start the game

Pre-game Preparation (cont)
  • Pre-game instructions
    • Referee instructs AR regarding positioning, signals, and special duties.

Note: At the beginning of the second half, the teams switch ends of the field and team that won the toss for the first half kicks off in the 2nd half

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

pre game preparation cont14
Pre-game Preparation (cont)
  • 2 minutes before kickoff
    • AR records substitution on Line-up card and takes position with 2nd to last defender.
  • 30 seconds before kick-off
    • Assure correct number of players on the field and the goalkeepers are ready
  • Blow your Whistle……………

IT’S SHOW TIME!

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 3 number of players
Law 3 – Number of Players
  • There can be no more than 11 players nor less than 7 on the field.
    • Exceptions to the minimum number are made for short sided games (9 vs 9 in U10 division).
  • One player MUST be designated as a goalkeeper
    • If the keeper is injured or incapacitated, the game must be stopped to allow for recovery or substitution
  • Player substitution occurs approximately mid-way through each half and at half-time to assure each player receives the minimum playing time.
    • ¾ playtime rule applies in U10 in our region
    • Substitution may also occur to replace an injured player

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 4 players equipment
Law 4 – Players Equipment
  • Mandatory Equipment
  • Shorts
  • Jersey or Shirt
    • Goalkeepers must wear a color that distiguishes them from other players and the referees.
  • Socks
  • Shinguards
    • Covered completely by the Socks
    • Must Afford Reasonable Protection
  • Footwear
    • Need not be Soccer cleats (though recommended)

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 4 players equipment cont
Law 4 – Players Equipment (cont)
  • SafetyIssues
    • Players may NOT wear anything dangerous to themselves or others
      • No jewelry is permitted
        • Exception: A medical alert bracelet is acceptable providing it is adequately padded to prevent injury to others
      • No hard clips or pins in the hair
      • No casts or splints (of any kind…soft or hard)
      • No sharp edges on cleats
  • The Referee will inspect the players for proper equipment prior to the game

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 5 the referee
Law 5 – The Referee
  • The Referee’s primary responsibility is the Safety of the players
  • Specific responsibilities include:
    • Enforcing the Laws of the Game
      • And the Spirit of the Game (to keep it Safe, Fair, & Fun) with Minimal interference
    • Controlling of the game with the help of two Assistant Referees
    • Maintaining control on both the field and on the sidelines (Coaches and Spectators)
  • Certain other and more detailed descriptions of responsibilities will be covered in the Part 2 Referee Training session.

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 6 the assistant referee
Law 6 – The Assistant Referee
  • The role of the two Assistant Referees (AR) is to:
  • Indicate to the referee:
    • When the whole ball has crossed the touch line or goal line and which team is entitled to a throw-in, goal kick, or corner kick
    • When a player should be penalized for an offside infraction
    • When misconduct occurs out of the referee’s view
    • During the taking of penalty kicks, if a goal is scored and if the goalkeeper moved forward before the ball was kicked
  • Record substituted players on the Official Lineup Card to help assure each player receives adequate playing time
  • Assist the referee in controlling the game as one member of the three person referee TEAM

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

diagonal system of control
Diagonal System of Control
  • General Positioning using the Diagonal System of Control:
  • The referee will run a path approximating a diagonal from opposite corners of the field
    • Tries to keep play between the lead AR and him/herself (“S” shaped diagonal path)
    • Trails play but tries to stay within 10-15 yards of play focusing on fouls
  • The assistant referees are positioned on opposite sides and ends of the field and run along the touchline between the corner flags and the halfway line.
    • Usually stays with the second to the last defender to determine offside infractions ORfollows the ball all the way to the goal line if the ball is closer to the goal line than the second to last defender.
diagonal system of control cont
Diagonal System of Control (cont)

AR’s Patrol Area

Referee’s Patrol Area

AR’s Patrol Area

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

diagonal system of control cont22
Diagonal System of Control (cont)

Where should the AR’s be positioned?

Where should the Referee be positioned?

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

diagonal system of control cont23
Diagonal System of Control (cont)

Where should the AR’s be positioned?

Where should the Referee be positioned?

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

diagonal system of control cont24
Diagonal System of Control (cont)

Where should the AR’s be positioned?

Where should the Referee be positioned?

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

lineup card 1 jpeg
Lineup Card 1- jpeg

AYSO Official Lineup Card (Side 1)

  • Used to verify player status (absence).
  • Used to track substitutions (minimum of three “quarters” playing time @ U10).
    • AR places mark in the box next to the players name in the “quarters” for which they are substituted (sit out).
  • Used to track how long a player has played in the goalkeeper position (2 “quarters” maximum @ U10)
  • AR makes a tally mark in the box next to the players name in the half in which they score.
  • At the halftime break and at the end of the game, the Referee and AR’s meet at the Center Circle to agree upon and record the halftime and final scores.

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

lineup card 2 jpeg
Lineup Card 2 - jpeg

AYSO Official Lineup Card (Side 2)

  • At the end of the game, both AR’s and the Referee PRINT their names
  • The referee completes the “Referee Report” section
  • The referee then places the card in the collection box provided at each field

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 7 duration of the match
Law 7 – Duration of the Match
  • The game is divided into two equal halves
    • Length of each half varies by age grouping
      • U10 halves are 25 minutes each
        • Therefore the duration of the U10 game is 50 minutes of actual playing time
      • The break between the halves must be a minimum of 5 minutes and a maximum of 10 minutes
        • Length of the break is determined by the referee
  • The referee will extended the game for the taking of a penalty kick after time has expired
    • Also for time lost due to player injury, time wasting, or other causes deemed necessary by the referee

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

the kick off
The Kick-off
  • At the start of the game, at the start of the 2nd half, and after a goal has been scored
  • Taken from the center of the field
  • Players in their own half of the field
  • Opponents must be 10 yards ( 8 yds in U10) from the ball and in their half of the field
  • IN PLAY (and time starts) when the ball is played an moves forward(or must be retaken)
  • CAN score directly against an opponent

Note: Any time a player puts the ball into play (Kickoff, Throw-in, Corner Kick, Goal Kick, or Free Kick), that player cannot touch the ball again until the ball is first touched by another player.

referee ar positions at kick off
Referee’s Position for Kickoff

On the same half of the field as the team kicking off

Outside the center circle and generally in line with the ball and leading Assistant Referee

Assistant Referees’ Position for Kickoff

Aligned with the second to last defender

Referee & AR Positions at Kick-off

AR

R

Direction of Kickoff

AR

law 9 ball in out of play
Law 9 - Ball in & Out of Play
  • The ball is out of play when:
    • The whole ball has completely crossed a touch line or a goal line on the ground or in the air….
    • OR when the referee has stopped play for any reason
  • The ball is in play at all other times
    • Including when it rebounds from a goalpost, corner flag, the referee, or an AR and remains on the field

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 9 ball in out of play cont
Law 9 - Ball in & Out of Play (cont)

Out of Play

Touch Line

In Play

Goal Line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 10 method of scoring
GOAL

The wholeball must completely cross the goal line between the goal-posts and beneath the crossbar

Law 10 - Method of Scoring

GOAL

YES

NO

GOAL LINE

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

the dropped ball
The Dropped Ball
  • The referee has discretionary power to stop the game whenever it is necessary to deal with specific conditions other than to address fouls and misconduct or when time has expired. For example:
  • To deal with an injured player
  • To remove an outside agent that jeopardizes play
  • For any other reason deemed necessary

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

the dropped ball cont
The Dropped Ball (cont)
  • The Restart in these circumstances is a Dropped Ball
  • Dropped at the point where it was when play was stopped
    • If play stopped in the goal area, the ball is moved to the “six yard line”
  • The ball is in play only after it has hit the ground.
    • If played before it strikes the ground, the ball must be dropped again

Note: EXCEPTION TO DOUBLE TOUCH RULE…Because the Referee puts the ball in play, not the player, there is no “double touch” sanction. The first player to touch the ball is free to continue playing the ball.

law 15 throw in
Law 15 - Throw-in
  • Awarded when the ball goes out of play across a TOUCH line
  • Awarded to the opponents of the team that touched the ball last.

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 15 throw in cont
Law 15 - Throw-in (cont)
  • The Assistant Referee signals that the ball fully crossed the touchline and gives the direction of the throw in using the flag
  • Hold the flag at a 45° angle in the direction the team taking the Throw-in is playing
  • Switch hands if necessary before signaling direction

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 15 throw in cont37
Law 15 - Throw-in (cont)
  • Ball is in play when it re-enters the field and has left the throwers hand
  • Must be thrown within 1 yard from where it left the field
  • Must be thrown with two hands from behind and over the head
  • The feet must be on or outside the touchline and touching the ground at the moment the ball is released
  • If improperly thrown, the throw in is awarded to the opposite team

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 15 throw in cont38
Law 15 - Throw-in (cont)

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 15 throw in cont39
Law 15 - Throw-in (cont)
  • Ball cannot be played a second time by the thrower until the ball has touched another player (“double touch”).
    • Indirect Free Kick is awarded for this infraction
  • Goalkeepers cannot touch the ball with their hands from a throw-in by a teammate
    • Indirect Free Kick is awarded for this infraction
  • Cannot score a goal against an opponent or score an “own goal” by throwing the ball directly into the goal.

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 16 goal kick
Law 16 - Goal Kick
  • Awarded when the ball goes out of play across a GOAL line last touched by an ATTACKER (and a goal was not scored)

A

D

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 16 goal kick cont
Law 16 - Goal Kick (cont)
  • Kick taken by a defender from anywhere within goal area
  • AR to watch for placement of the ball in goal area, then move to 18 yard line to monitor clearance
  • Opponents must be outside penalty area
  • Ball must be kicked beyond penalty area before being touched by another player
  • Kicker may not play ball twice until it has been touched by another player

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

signals for a goal kick
Signals for a Goal Kick

Referee’s Signal for a Goal Kick

AR’s Signal for a Goal Kick

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 17 corner kick
Law 17 - Corner Kick
  • Awarded when the ball goes out of play across a GOAL line, last touched by a DEFENDER

A

D

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

18

signals for a corner kick
Signals for a Corner Kick

AR’s Signal for a Corner Kick

- Flag down at a 45° angle pointing in the direction of the corner

  • AR should not run to the corner before signaling

- Don’t point the flag to the far corner (across the field)

Referee’s Signal for a Corner Kick

- Arm raised at a 45° angle pointing to the corner closest to where the ball crossed the goal line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 17 corner kick cont
Law 17 - Corner Kick (Cont.)

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 17 corner kick cont46
Law 17 - Corner Kick (Cont.)
  • Kick taken by an attacker at the corner arc on side nearest to where ball went out of play
  • Ball is placed anywhere inside corner area
  • The corner flag must not be moved before or during the taking of the kick
  • Opponents must remain ten yards away until ball is in play
  • Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
  • Kicker may not kick ball twice until it has touched another player
  • May score directly from a corner kick
  • AR to watch the goal line and ball for possible goal or ball out of play

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside
Law 11 - Offside
  • he is on the opponents end of the field and nearer to his opponents’ goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent
  • A player is in an offside position if:
  • A player is not in an offside position if:
    • he is in his own half of the field of play or
    • he is even with with the second-last opponent
    • he is even with the last two opponents
    • He is even with the ball
  • It is NOT an offense simply to be in an offside position

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont
Law 11 - Offside (cont)
  • There is no offside offense if a player receives the ball directly from:
  • a goal kick
  • a throw-in
  • a corner kick

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont49
Law 11 - Offside (cont)
  • A player in an offside position is penalized only if, at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of his team, he or she is involved in active play by:
  • interfering with play
  • interfering with an opponent
  • gaining an advantage by being in an offside position

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont50
Law 11 - Offside (cont)

Fact - Position

  • Is the player ahead of the ball and second to last defender?

- A player cannot be penalized for being in an offside position unless he is closer to his opponent’s goal line than both the ball and the second to last defender

(Note: A player who is even with or behind the ball or second to the last defender is NOT in an offside position)

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont51
When do you judge whether a player should be penalized for being offside?

At the moment the ball is touched or played by a teammate

It is the position of the player at the moment the ball is played by the teammate that must be judged, not his position at the time he receives the ball.

A player who is on-side at the moment a member of his team passes the ball to him does not become offside if he goes forward during the flight of the ball.

Law 11 - Offside (cont)

Judgment - Time

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont52
To be penalized for being offside, the player in an offside position must either:

Participate in the play

Interfere with an opponent

Gain an advantage from that offside position

Law 11 - Offside (cont)

Opinion - Participation

  • Does the player participate or gain an advantage (in the opinion of the referee)?
  • If none of these three criteria are met, the player should NOT be penalized!

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

signals for an offside infraction
Signals for an Offside Infraction

Referee’s Signal to Indicate an Offside

AR’s Signal to Indicate an Offside

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

slide54

AR’s Indication of Ball Placement

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont55
Law 11 - Offside (cont)

ATTACK

Not Offside!

Halfway Line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont56
Law 11 - Offside (cont)

ATTACK

Not Offside!

Halfway Line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont57
Law 11 - Offside (cont)

ATTACK

Not Offside!

Halfway Line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont58
Law 11 - Offside (cont)

ATTACK

Offside

Halfway Line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

law 11 offside cont59
Law 11 - Offside (cont)

ATTACK

Not Offside !

Halfway Line

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

time remaining signals
Time Remaining Signals
  • Time Remaining Signals between Referee and AR’s:
    • Last 5 minutes, appropriate number of fingers on shorts pointing down
    • Time expired, closed fist on shorts
    • If referee has difficulty seeing this signal, move the fist to the chest (arm across chest)
  • At the end of the game, the Referee whistles 3 loud blasts and points to the Center Circle

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

post game duties
Post Game Duties
  • The Referee should secure the game ball and return it to the home team
  • The Referee and AR’s meet in the Center of the field to:
    • Compare notes on how the game went
    • Compare scores to be sure all are in agreement
    • Sign the Official Lineup Card
    • Supervise the handshake
  • Leave the field as a team after teams have left the field

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

this concludes part 1 of the region 159 referee training
This Concludes Part 1 of the Region 159 Referee Training
  • Be sure you have completed a Referee Training Checklist Form and turned it in before leaving to get credit for the class
  • If you plan to serve as an Assistant RefereeonlyAND have already been Safe Haven Certified, your are free to leave. Remember, you must also attend the field training
  • If you plan to serve as a “center” Referee and have already been Safe Haven Certified, you are free to leave, BUTyou need to return for Referee Training Part 2
  • If you have NEVER been Safe Haven Certified, please stay where you are. The Safe Haven training will commence after a short break.

Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1