presentation 2 2 opportunities realized through interface forest management l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Presentation 2.2: Opportunities Realized Through Interface Forest Management PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Presentation 2.2: Opportunities Realized Through Interface Forest Management

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 56

Presentation 2.2: Opportunities Realized Through Interface Forest Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 257 Views
  • Uploaded on

Presentation 2.2: Opportunities Realized Through Interface Forest Management. Outline. Introduction Interface management products Variety of products besides timber Timber can pay for further management of the land Challenges to multi-managing the land Summary. Introduction.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Presentation 2.2: Opportunities Realized Through Interface Forest Management


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Presentation 2.2:Opportunities Realized Through Interface Forest Management

    2. Outline • Introduction • Interface management products • Variety of products besides timber • Timber can pay for further management of the land • Challenges to multi-managing the land • Summary

    3. Introduction • Avoid “timber” versus “nontimber” • Income generation is just one of many opportunities available on interface forests • Timber harvesting is compatible with many other forest products and can help pay for management needed to provide these products

    4. Multiple objectives • Variety of reasons to manage the land: • Income generation • Fire risk reduction • Amenity resources • Forest health • Wildlife • Water management

    5. Alternative forest products • Decorative • Herbal • Medicinal • Edible • Enhance property value

    6. Business venture Marketing nontimber forest products website http://www.sfp.forprod.vt.edu/special_fp.htm Poaching Nontimber forest industry

    7. Timber and pulp income • Longer rotation ages • Processed timber • Forest certification • Christmas trees • Biomass

    8. Property value • Universal technique used to value tree • Increase or decrease based on the trees Aggregating across the South, the total compensation value for residential trees approaches one trillion dollars.

    9. Conversion harvests • Increased amenity values on residential property • Facilitate silvicultural management • Aesthetic trees increase property value

    10. Tourism income • Hunting leases • ATV trails • Wildlife viewing areas • Eco-tourism • Bed and breakfast lodging • Hiking • Retreats

    11. Liability and Marketing • Liability is an issue if people are invited on property • Avoid negligence • Obtain liability insurance • Successful business requires planning • Understand customer • Understand competition • Develop marketing plan

    12. Exercise 2.5:Interface Moneymakers

    13. Exercise 2.5 Discussion Questions • What resources and information should your agency provide to encourage successful ventures? • What perceptions and constraints are barriers to landowners launching these enterprises? • Marketing and liability concerns are important to any successful business. Do you have examples of landowners that have successfully addressed these concerns?

    14. Challenge of managing WUI fire • Common in southern ecosystems • South has most fire starts and acres burned • Objections to interface fire include • concerns about forest aesthetics and forest health • concerns about safety of structures • access and responsibility • negative impacts of smoke on human health and driving safety

    15. Firewise solutions • Firewise communities • Large fire breaks (golf courses, farms) • Firewise structures • Nonflammable material, gutters, windows, driveways • Firewise landscaping around structures • Lean, clean, green

    16. Firewise plant characteristics • High moisture content • Broad and thick leaves • Low chemical content • Open and loose branching patterns • Deciduousness • Low amounts of dead materials

    17. Plants to avoid in defensible space • Saw palmetto • accumulate dead leaves (fronds) • Juniper • resins in leaves and branches • Mountain laurel • dense leaves and branches close to ground

    18. Fuel reduction • Mechanical thinning • Herbicides • Prescribed burning • Animal grazing

    19. Exercise 2.6:Firewise Conversations

    20. Exercise 2.13:Juggling Multiple Objectives

    21. Case Study 21:Wildfire Preparedness in Mississippi

    22. Case Study 11:Life on the Edge: Interface Issues in Bastrop, Texas

    23. Amenity resources • Scenery • Trails • Privacy • Shade Typically the MOST important product of interface forests

    24. Scenery sells • Park-like stands with large trees and low ground cover • Low or no downed wood, trash, waste • Open vistas and meadows • Thinning creates depth of view, larger trees • Ephemeral features

    25. Naturalness • Value natural appearances • Minimize human intervention • Careful design

    26. Picnic, park, and camp • Soil compaction kills older, sensitive trees • Use young, deep rooted trees • Parking lots • should drain away from water source • or have a swale to hold water and allow pollutants to settle

    27. Trail creation • Add loops • Create diversity • One-way traffic • Single entry point • Interconnected • Plan skid and logging roads to become trails • Consider use conflicts

    28. Trail building considerations • Soils • Trail size • Trail grade • Trail alignment • Streams, lakes and trails

    29. Privacy and Shade • Vegetation visual buffers • Vegetation performs poorly as an acoustic buffers • Shade can significantly reduce • temperature (10-15 degrees) • cooling costs (10-80%) • Shade can direct/block cooling breezes

    30. Regional amenity • Visual character of a region • Transformation of lands • Visitor perceptions • Recreational activities

    31. Practicing visiblestewardship • Public perception • Visual screening • Cues-to-care • Forest management • Environmental impacts • Terminology

    32. Cues-to-care • Waste and damage • Neatness • Schedule and duration • Planning and safety • Communication • Re-vegetation • Appearances • Community commitment

    33. Screen/hide management • Add visual buffers • Keep aesthetics in mind • Limit downed wood • May create negative perceptions • Communicate with the public

    34. Exercise 2.7:Scenery and Trails

    35. Exercise 2.7: Discussion Questions • Which suggested aesthetic timber harvesting techniques are most feasible? Why? • Which techniques are least feasible? Why? • Which techniques are least costly? Why? • In addition to laying out skid trails and logging roads with a future trail system in mind, what other work is needed to finish a trail system? • What other techniques exist to increase scenery and trails in the wildland-urban interface?

    36. Forest health • Historically narrow in scope • Expansion of definition • Influenced by people • Investment • Environmental safety • Personal opinion and values • Experience is the key

    37. Site management • Construction damage • Roots and stems • Toxic chemicals • Tree-friendliness • Species selection • Nursery personnel

    38. Insects and diseases • Bark beetle and wood borers • Defoliating insects • Sap-feeding insects • Girdling insects • Canker diseases • Tree decline • Leaf diseases

    39. Abiotic factors and invasives • Abiotic factors • Lightning strikes • Drought • Flooding • Invasive plants • Kudzu • Invasive animals • Coyote • Armadillo • Nuisance animals

    40. Exercise 2.8:Promoting Forest Health

    41. Case Study 1:The Challenge of Controversial Resource Issues: Southern Pine Beetle

    42. Wildlife • Approximately 87 million people participate in wildlife-associated activities each year • Approximately $108 billion is spent on these activities per year • Managing for wildlife is a challenge due to • forest fragmentation • development • landowners opinion about wildlife

    43. Effects of human expansion “What are the likely effects of expanding human populations, urbanization, and infrastructure on wildlife and their habitats?” • Non-native species threaten the survival of some sensitive wildlife species. • Urban and agricultural land uses have created forest islands. • Disturbed areas facilitate the spread of non-native species.

    44. Human-wildlife conflicts • Vectors for disease • Lyme disease • West Nile virus • Car accidents • Property damage • Control strategies • Species diversity

    45. Managing nuisance wildlife • Human-wildlife conflicts • Exclusion • Habitat modification • Repellents • Toxic baits and pesticides • Glue boards and traps • Scare tactics

    46. Limit amount of lawn Increase vertical layering Leave snags and brush piles Provide water source Plant native vegetation Put up feeders and houses Remove invasive exotics Manage household pets Reduce pesticide use Expand scale of habitat Attracting wildlife

    47. Exercise 2.9:Wild Stories

    48. Case Study 4:Deer Debate in Hilton Head, South Carolina

    49. Effects of urbanization on the water cycle • Forests intercept precipitation. • Approximately 2/3 of incoming precipitation is released back into the atmosphere. • Remaining water recharges the groundwater and contributes to streams. • Forest clearing generates more storm-water runoff, reduces amount of water that soaks into the ground.

    50. Strategies to minimize threats • Watershed management plan • Forest protection • Land acquisition • Conservation easements • Reduction of impervious cover • Minimize paved surfaces • Clustering development