East Timor (Timor-Leste) : Introduction
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East Timor (Timor-Leste) : Introduction . Images of Timor. Basic Points. Timor = east (in Malay) Series of Colonization: Portugal, Japan, Indonesia State of Wars and civil unrests Poverty 11883 sq mile – approx half belongs to Indonesia (west) and other half as independent state (east)

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Basic points l.jpg
Basic Points

  • Timor = east (in Malay)

  • Series of Colonization: Portugal, Japan, Indonesia

  • State of Wars and civil unrests

  • Poverty

  • 11883 sq mile – approx half belongs to Indonesia (west) and other half as independent state (east)

  • Melanesian


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Pre-Colonial Timor

  • 1st wave of migration – Austroloid 40000-20000 BC

  • 2nd wave – Malanesian – the Austroloid move to the inner land

  • 3rd and 4th wave = Malay and Chinese

  • 16th century – small chiefdomsand lucrative sandalwoods business


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Colonial Timor (Portuguese Occupation)

  • Mid 16th century – colonized by Portugal (started with Dominican friars + suppressing various ethnic wars among chiefdoms

  • Minimal Colonial Investment

  • 1859 treaty – west side of Timorto Dutch East Indies (then Indonesian eventually)

  • More extraction  from sandalwood to coffee plantation

  • 1942-1945 Japanese occupation

  • 1945 Portugal resumed occupation

  • 98% Roman Catholic (million population)


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Post-Colonial and Indonesian Occupation

  • 28 Nov 75 Declaration of Independence

  • Invasion of Indonesia + annexation

  • 100,000 to 250,000 lost their lives (part of Indonesia’s suppression of communism (New Order since 1965) from Timor political dynamism  unrests)

  • Not having any international recognition until the 1991 massacre and imprisonment of an independence leader Xanana Gusmão by the Indonesia

  • 30 Aug 1999– UN supervised – 78% for independence  more violence by the militias supported by Indonesia -> 20 September 99 Australian –led peacekeeping


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Post Independent Timor

  • 20 May 2002 – Fully independent state with international recognition

  • April 2006 – Another civil unrest and the government requested another Australian-led International Stabilization Force, August – UN Integrated Mission in Timor to restored stability and arrange new election in 2007

  • 2008 Another rebel

  • Poverty and Domination of Australia in Oil production


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References

  • Official Gateway of the Governmentg of East Timor http://www.timor-leste.gov.tl/AboutTimorleste/history.htm

  • Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timor>

    and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_East_Timor

  • The World Fact Book

    https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tt.html

  • Annotated directory of Internet resource

    http://newton.uor.edu/Departments&Programs/AsianStudiesDept/timor.html

  • Kingsbury, D. (2005). South-East Asia: A Political Profile. Melbourne, Oxford University Press.