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CSE 380 – Computer Game Programming Introduction CSE 380 – Computer Game Programming Introduction Entropy, by XRG Recursive Gaming, winner of 2007 Stony Brook Gaming Competition Why are you here? You use “Koopa” in everyday conversation. You figure, “games are easy”

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cse 380 computer game programming introduction

CSE 380 – Computer Game ProgrammingIntroduction

CSE 380 – Computer Game ProgrammingIntroduction

Entropy, by XRG Recursive Gaming, winner of 2007 Stony Brook Gaming Competition

why are you here
Why are you here?
  • You use “Koopa” in everyday conversation.
  • You figure, “games are easy”
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gwlE1aASc4g&feature=related
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJ-QSJmEgHU&feature=related
  • You can play Dance Dance Revolution in your sleep.
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0gh6hzs_7Kc
  • You’re looking to rest your Guitar Hero elbow injury
  • You really want to learn how to program games
  • If you answered:
    • you are sad
    • you might be better off taking something else, otherwise your teammate may have a nervous breakdown
    • or d), seek professional help

e) welcome to the game industry!

to really join the industry
To really join the industry
  • International Game Developers Association
    • http://www.igda.org/
  • NYC Chapter
    • http://www.nycgames.org/blog/index.html
  • Game Developer’s Conference
    • http://www.gdconf.com/
  • Independent Games Festival
    • http://www.igf.com/
important online resources
Important Online Resources
  • Gamasutra
    • http://www.gamasutra.com/
  • Gamedev.net
    • http://www.gamedev.net/
  • Gamedevmap.com
    • http://www.gamedevmap.com/
  • Google
    • seriously
    • for searching all message boards out there for people with similar bugs
why study games
Why study games?
  • To get game development jobs
  • Because it is fun
  • Because they are complex
  • Because they push the envelope of computing technology
  • Bottom line:
    • making games is a great way to learn
modern games are complex
Modern Games are Complex
  • They can be very complex
  • Technologies used:
    • 2D & 3D Graphics
    • Sound & Music
    • Networking
    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Physics Simulation
    • Parallel Processing (multithreading)
    • Custom scripting languages
    • Etc.
  • All of it must be implemented efficiently
blizzard s world of warcraft
Blizzard’s World of Warcraft
  • Over 10,000,000 subscribers
  • Thousands of players simultaneously
  • Players in countries around the world
  • Rich graphical environment
  • Complex network requirements
  • Requires game designers, artists, programmers, producers, audio designers, musicians, etc.
  • Fan of WOW & LOTR?
    • See http://fellowcraft.ytmnd.com/
  • Does every MMO need dancing?
    • See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=066_q4DIeqk
the modern game programmer
The Modern Game Programmer
  • Is often more of a tools programmer
    • what tools?
    • tools for game designers, artists, & other programmers
  • Often works with very specific technologies
    • AI programmer, physics programmer, graphics programmer, etc.
  • Often has very specific skills
    • advice: find your niche
early advice
Early Advice
  • Learn C++ ASAP – and I mean really learn it
    • More on the C++ Boot Camp in a minute
  • Learn to use Visual Studio ASAP, including running projects using DirectX (I’ll give sample code)
  • Cancel your WOW account immediately
  • Think about your original game/team early on
  • Buy StarCraft and play from a developer’s perspective
    • definitely try your hand at PVP
    • don’t play too much
    • later in the semester we will analyze StarCraft, and you will have a design exercise using their mission editor
  • Order from http://www.blizzard.com/starcraft/ or purchase at store (i.e., BestBuy, CircuitCity, etc.)
  • A real-time strategy classic
  • The National Sport of South Korea
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=47GLuOd3QVk
what is this course about
What is this course about?
  • Syllabus says:
    • “An introduction to the fundamental concepts of computer game programming. Students design and develop original games for PCs applying proven game design and software engineering principles.”
course objectives
Course Objectives
  • Integrate technologies such as multimedia, artificial intelligence, and physics modeling into a cohesive, interactive game application.
  • Introduce the principles of game design that make for a playable experience.
  • Learn and use software engineering, team project management, and prototype presentation principles in a game development context.
course topics
Course Topics
  • Game program architecture
  • Game Timing
  • GUI programming for games
  • Tile-based graphics
  • Page & side scrolling algorithms
  • Sprites & bitmap animation
  • Collision detection
  • Physics-based modeling
  • Artificial Intelligence in games
  • Pathfinding Algorithms
  • Render Threading
  • Optimization techniques
  • Game input devices
  • Sound & Music
  • Differing game types, modes, & perspectives
  • Game & level design
  • Rapid Prototyping & game testing
  • Game project management
  • Game design documentation
  • Gaming industry issues
  • Computer game history
course platforms
Course Platforms
  • Languages/Libraries
    • C/C++
    • Windows
    • DirectX 9 SDK
  • IDE
    • Visual Studio/C++ (2005 or later)
      • http://msdnaa.sinc.stonybrook.edu/
  • C++ is almost the industry standard
  • Why would programmers still use C?
  • Why not Java or C#?
  • C++ Boot Camp
    • This Friday, 1/29, 12pm – 6pm in CS 2129
    • Not mandatory, but highly recommended
windows game development
Windows Game Development
  • PC vs. Console:
    • expense
    • processing power
    • development difficulty
      • full-screen developers learn to hate ALT-TAB
  • API:
    • http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa139672.aspx
directx august 2009 release
DirectX (August 2009 release)
  • A low-level library for making games
  • What can it do for a 2D game?
    • manipulate the graphics card
      • efficiently render an image to the screen
      • efficiently render text
    • efficiently play a sound or music
  • Download SDK:
    • http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/directx/default.aspx
  • API (ASAP get used to this Web site structure):
    • http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa139763.aspx
  • DirectX 9c vs 10 vs 11
  • Transaction Lab account, where you will work on your projects
    • http://www.translab.cs.sunysb.edu/
  • Sparky Web account, if you need it, to post your project progress via documentation, .exe files, etc.
    • http://www.sinc.sunysb.edu/helpdesk/web.shtml
course textbook
Course Textbook

Introduction to Game Development (2nd Edition)by Steve RabinPublished by Course Technology, 2009ISBN 978-1584506799

course textbook22
Course Textbook

C++ Primer Plus, 5th Editionby Stephen PrataPublished by Sams, 2004ISBN 0672326973

reference textbooks
Reference Textbooks

Rules of Play: Game Design Fundamentalsby Katie Salen and Eric ZimmermanPublished by MIT Press, 2003ISBN 0-262-24045-9

Best of Game Programming Gemsby Mark DeLouraPublished by Course Technology, 2008ISBN 1-58450-571-0

what course work is involved
What course work is involved?
  • Individual mid-semester Project & Presentation
    • you are the main character
    • side-scroller
    • grades based on:
      • technical requirements
      • playability
      • creativity
      • presentation
  • Individual Project Benchmarks
    • provide step-by-step progress
    • a grade separate grade for each benchmark
design your game
Design your game
  • Benchmark 1 is due next Friday (2/5)
    • come up with an idea for a simple side-scroller
      • with gravity & jumping
    • design document
    • storyboard
    • setup your personal Web site
  • Go to the class schedule page to take you to the full Assignment description
what course work is involved continued
What course work is involved? (continued)
  • Final Group Project & Presentation
    • teams of 3
    • design and develop completely original games
    • must be serious games
      • games intended to educate in some way
  • Group Project Benchmarks
    • will have additional requirements
serious games
Serious Games
  • Does not mean it:
    • is boring
    • teaches in the tradition sense
    • is a tutorial
  • It does mean that it:
    • is a game
    • should entertain
    • should get the player thinking about something other than the raw gameplay
    • should try to enrich the player’s understanding of some subject
a few examples
A few examples
  • Ayiti: The Cost of Life
    • http://www.unicef.org/voy/explore/rights/explore_3142.html
  • McDonald’s Video Game
    • http://www.mcvideogame.com/
  • UN Food Force
    • http://www.food-force.com/
and your games
And your games?
  • Potential sources for game subjects:
    • courses you have taken at Stony Brook
      • Computer Science?
    • your hobbies
    • your personal interests
  • Why am I making you do this?
    • make a game that no one who has ever lived has made before
    • make a game that no sensible company would ever make
  • Enter it in the IGF Student Division
    • http://www.igf.com/02finalists.html#student
stony brook game programming contest
Stony Brook Game Programming Contest
  • Held each spring
  • Invited projects are presented to game industry representatives
    • Past Judges From:
      • Activision, Applied Visions, Atari, Gamelab, Gameloft, Microsoft, Powerhead Games
  • Fun, prizes, and networking
  • http://www.cs.sunysb.edu/~richard/GameProgrammingCompetition.html
what course work is involved continued31
What course work is involved? (continued)
  • Game Design Exercises
    • in-class and take-home
    • exercise your creativity
    • game and level design.
      • one using StarCraft
  • Live Coding Exam (tentative)
    • in TransLab
    • implement common algorithms we’ll discuss
how are grades computed
How are grades computed?

Individual Project Benchmarks 15 %

Individual Project Demo 15 %

Group Project Benchmarks 15 %

Group Project Demo 25 %

Design Exercises 10 %

Live Coding Exam 20 %

100 %

an important note on academic dishonesty
  • All work you submit for homework, projects, or exams MUST be your own work.
  • If you cheat or aid someone in cheating, you will automatically fail this course and be brought up on charges of academic dishonesty without warning.
where do we start documentation
Where do we start? Documentation
  • Always design first
    • design your game
      • design doc
    • design your art
      • storyboard
    • design your code
      • UML
game development as a process
Game Development as a Process

User Help Document

Gameplay & Setup files: .xls, .csv, xml

Game Design Document



Design Docs

C++ Source Code

.EXE Program

Resource Files:

.ICO .BMP, etc.


Art Assets:

.DDS, .WAV, etc.

Game Development LOG

Bug Database

game documentation
Game Documentation
  • For both projects, you will be required to produce:
    • Game design docs
    • Storyboards
    • Game development LOGs (your Web pages)
    • Bug database
the game design document
The Game Design Document
  • The roadmap, blueprint, or outline, of a game
    • Concept: What is the game about?
    • Appearance: What will the game look like?
    • Controls: What controls will be used and how will they control the game?
    • Behavior: Answer gameplay questions like:
      • Who is the main character?
      • What can he/she do?
      • What’s the opposition?
      • How do you win the game?
      • Game levels
      • Etc …
  • Sketches depicting the look & feel of the game
  • Show how players will interact
  • Show player progress & plot through a game
  • Example Format from The Tree of Life:
    • http://www.finegamedesign.com/script/index.html
more project documentation
More Project Documentation
  • Game Development LOG (your Web pages)
    • specify progress
    • features added
    • game versions (ex: 1.0 ready for release, a.k.a. grading)
  • Bug Database (use a simple text file)
    • list of things to add next
    • list of known problems that have to be resolved
      • brief description of problem
      • if known, brief description of how to resolve problem
  • BTW: I strongly advise you use CVS
student web pages
Student Web Pages
  • Part of benchmark 1 requirement
  • Post progress for individual & group project checkpoints
    • all required documentation
    • executable game as currently exists
    • no source code (to be handed in via Blackboard Digital Drop Box)
  • Post game reviews as required
why 2d games
Why 2D Games?
  • Avoid 3D Artwork Obstacles
  • Many topics are relevant to both 2D & 3D games
  • NOTE:
    • we will still have to implement our games efficiently
what is a 2d game graphically speaking
What is a 2D game graphically speaking?
  • Basically 2 things:
    • Texture rendering (images)
    • Text rendering
  • Rendering textures & text is easy
  • Efficiently managing the data of the game is not