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Careers. Get into groups of 2-3 and make a list of 10 things you would consider and base your decision on before choosing a career choice/major degree to study in college….Include why you feel they are important….10 minutes. Three Steps in Choosing an Occupation. p. 25. 1. Self-Analysis.

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Get into groups of 2-3 and make a list of 10 things you would consider and base your decision on before choosing a career choice/major degree to study in college….Include why you feel they are important….10 minutes

1 self analysis
1. Self-Analysis
  • Ability- Capacity to Perform
  • Talent- Natural aptitude to do a job
  • Physical Make Up- Strength, Stamina, Health
  • Previous Work Experience
  • Interests- Things that hold one’s attention
Educational Aspirations - How much education a person wants and can obtain

Attitude and Values- How a person sees himself/herself

Flexibility- Willing to change

Personality- How other’s sees a person’s traits

2 studying an occupation
2. Studying an Occupation
  • Get Information on…
    • Nature of Work: Hours, location, conditions, etc.
    • Educational Requirements: Amount, licenses, special training
    • Demand, pay, benefits, opportunity for promotion, job security
3 make a decision
3. Make a Decision
  • Match oneself with the best occupation for the person
  • Have a second choice
  • Leave opportunities to change plans in the future
sources of occupational information
Sources of Occupational Information
  • Counselors and Career Development Coordinators  Mrs. Ayers in Guidance
  • Agricultural Education Teachers Mrs. Melino
  • Parents and relatives
Persons working in specific jobs

Dictionary ofOccupational Titles

Books and pamphlets


Work experiences

educational requirements
Educational Requirements
  • Scientists and Engineers
    • 2/3 usually require a masters or doctoral college degree
educational requirements13
Educational Requirements
  • About 85% of jobs in agri-marketing, merchandising and sales representatives that require college degrees require a baccalaureate degree
educational requirements14
Educational Requirements
  • From the Dictionary of Occupational Titles:
    • Most jobs that have “laborer, helper, aid, attendant, or worker” in the title require high school diplomas
These workers do essential research and development that improves thecompetitiveposition of the US in world markets
Animal Scientists



Food Scientists



  • Agricultural Engineers
  • Environmental Engineers
  • Food Engineers
related specialists
Related Specialists
  • Nutritionists
  • Veterinarians
  • Graders and Inspectors
managers and financial specialists
Business Managers

Food Service Managers

Retail Managers

Wholesale Managers


Financial Analysts

Credit Analysts

Managers and Financial Specialists
marketing merchandising and sales representatives
Marketing, Merchandising, and Sales Representatives
  • About 1/3 of the projected openings for college graduates with degrees in agriculture are in this area
Marketing Managers

Livestock Buyers

Market Analysts

Food Brokers

Grain Merchandisers

Sales Representatives

Technical Service Representatives

marketing merchandising sales
Marketing Merchandising & Sales
  • Livestock Buyer
    • work to get the best quality stock at the most competitive price for their clients.
    • Must have knowledge of breeds
    • Have the knowledge to grade and purchase quality livestock products. People working for large meat companies also employ them to select premium animals for processing.
education communication and information specialists
Education,Communication, and Information Specialists
  • Agricultural Education Teachers
  • College Faculty
Extension Agents
  • Public Relations Specialists
  • Reporters
  • Editors
social services professionals
Social Services Professionals
  • Dieticians
  • Nutrition Counselors
  • Food Inspectors
social services professionals28
Social Services Professionals
  • Food Inspector
    • Agricultural inspectors make sure that businesses comply with federal and state laws and regulations that govern the health, quality, and safety of meat, poultry, egg products, fruit, and vegetables.
    • They also inspect food- and meat-processing plants to ensure that the facilities meet quality standards.
    • They strive to protect public health and well-being by protecting the public from foodborne illness.
agricultural production specialists
Agricultural Production Specialists
  • Farmers
  • Ranchers
  • Professional Farm Managers
  • Feedlot Managers
agricultural specialist category
Agricultural Specialist Category
  • Farm Manager
    • Direct and coordinate activities of workers engaged in agricultural production
      • The responsibilities of a farm manager include:
        • Plan the work schedules
        • When to plant & sell crops
        • What livestock to buy & sell

Some Employers *pharmaceutical companies

*animal feed companies *animal shelters *state/federal government *colleges/universities


*laboratories *environmental agencies *nature centers *zoos and aquariums *farms *state/national parks


Veterinary Medicine – A veterinarian's responsibilities include the diagnoses, treatment, and prevention of animal diseases.


A veterinarian may choose many careers upon graduation ranging from private practice to research.

  • The salary varies from $30,000 for the graduate to $70,000+ for the experienced veterinarian.

Cooperative Extension Agent –U.S. Department of Agriculture.(USDA) An agent's job is to provide new information to growers, consumers, producers, and families.


An extension agent promotes the development of home economics and the involvement of youth in agriculture. 4H


Environmental Consultant –Consultants are needed to advise and educate the public as well as the agriculture industry on environmental concerns.


The duties such as waste management planning, are the greatest concern in the environmental science industry.


Animal Breeder – The professional animal breeder strives to promote genetic excellence within a herd. A breeder is responsible for caring for the animal from breeding through birth.


Meat Inspector – A meat inspector's duty is to work with the USDA in inspecting poultry, red meat, and fish to insure public health.



  • An aquarist has the fascinating job of getting up close and personal with a bunch of cool creatures.
  • He or she is in charge of feeding, treating diseases and observing the behavior of animals in any given aquarium exhibit.

KENNEL WORKERS employed at boarding kennels, which look after dogs while their owners are on holiday. There aref other types of kennels too: breeding kennels (which often have just one or two special breeds)


Kennel workers keep the animals healthy and happy by making sure they get the right food and exercise.

kennel workers

Animal welfare and rescue organizations, the Armed Forces and places that train guide dogs.


Animal Nutritionists

formulate diets for domestic, companion, and exhibit animals. They work with mammals, birds, and fish.


The diets they create must be nutritionally sound, good-tasting, and economical for the ages and types of animals that will follow them.

more animal science careers
More Animal Science Careers
  • Animal Scientist
  • Entomologist
  • Artificial Inseminator
  • Farmer
  • Beekeeper
more careers
More careers
  • Small Animal Veterinarian
  • Large Animal Veterinarian
  • Exotic Animal Veterinarian Zoologist
  • Zoo Keeper
  • Wildlife Rehabilitation
and more
And more
  • Animal Behaviorist
  • Animal Trainer
  • Dog Trainer
  • Beekeeper
  • Herpetologist
  • Marine Biologist
  • Dog Groomer
  • Fish and Game Warden
  • Guide Dog Instructor
  • Horse Trainer
and more55
And more…
  • Horse Racing Jockey
  • Laboratory Animal Science Career
  • Livestock Buyer
  • Cattle Breeder
  • Marine Mammal Care & Training
  • Pet Shop Operator
  • Primatologist
  • Farrier
  • Agricultural Education Teacher (Mrs. Melino)
  • Shearer
  • Agricultural Extension Agent
  • Meat Inspector
  • Animal Shelter Operator
  • Animal Control Officer
  • Veterinary Technician
  • Wildlife Biologist
agriculture degrees
Agriculture Education

Animal Science

Crop Science







Biological & Agricultural Engineering

Plant Biology

Poultry Science

Soil Science

Sociology & Anthropology

Food Science

Agriculture Degrees
a degree in animal science
NC State


Penn State


Texas A&M

University of Hawaii

University of Denver (CO)

Tennessee State University

University of New Hampshire

Ohio State

Cornell University (NY)


University of Delaware

University of Kentucky

Virginia Tech

University of Maryland

Rutgers (NJ)

Purdue (IN)

University of Florida

plus many more…

A degree in Animal Science
some good places to start
Some good places to start
$ Money $

How are you going to pay for college?

  • Student Loans
  • Scholarships (based on grades & experience)
  • Work while in school


Average private four-year college: $25,143

Average public four-year college: $6,585

the payoff
The Payoff
  • Those with a bachelor's degree earn over 60 percent more than those with only a high school diploma? Over a lifetime, the gap in earning potential between a high school diploma and a B.A. is more than $800,000.
  • In other words, whatever sacrifices you make for your college education in the short term are more than repaid in the long term.
  • Avg. High school GPA admitted: 4.05
  • 28% will graduate in four years!
  • NCSU Vet School
    • 144 students accepted each year
    • 24 are out of state
    • Very Competitive
  • Research an Animal Science Career
    • Write a 1 page profile about the career based on research. Things to include are:
      • Education & Experience required
      • Expected Salary
      • Skills needed
      • Work environment
      • Advantages of the career
      • Disadvantages of the career