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Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels. Gary Allport BirdLife International. Red List Indices for selected species-groups . 1988. 1992. 1996. 2000. 2004. Pigeons Waterbirds Parrots Raptors Gamebirds Seabirds. 0.00. -0.02. Better. -0.04. -0.06. Red List Index.

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slide2
Red List Indices for selected species-groups

1988

1992

1996

2000

2004

Pigeons

Waterbirds

Parrots

Raptors

Gamebirds

Seabirds

0.00

-0.02

Better

-0.04

-0.06

Red List Index

-0.08

-0.10

Worse

-0.12

-0.14

-0.16

STATE OF THE WORLD’S BIRDS 2004

Indicators for our changing world

life history makes populations vulnerable

Life History Makes Populations Vulnerable

Low Productivity

Single Egg

Low Breeding Frequency

Delayed Sexual Maturity

slide4
Summary of Seabird Declines
  • Of 21 species of albatross:
    • 20 are threatened with extinction
    • 1 is near threatened (IUCN Red List)
  • Five large petrels also threatened
  • Primary threat to most species is fisheries bycatch, especially by longline but also trawl fisheries
  • > 1 billion hooks set per year; kill more than 300,000 seabirds, including 100,000 albatrosses
  • Albatross and Procellaria petrels most at threat in Southern Ocean – where albatross and petrel populations and longline effort are concentrated
agreement on the conservation of albatrosses and petrels6

Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

Highly migratory species such as albatrosses and petrels cannot be conserved by one country acting independently of other nations which share the same species populations

  • Countries which share populations of threatened seabirds have sought to take actions on an international level to complement policy and actions taken within their own jurisdictions
slide7
Entry into the agreement allows members to implement complementary action plans to :

protect critical habitat

control non-native species detrimental to albatrosses and petrels

introduce measures to reduce the incidental catch of seabirds in long-line fisheries

support research into the effective conservation of albatrosses and petrels

slide8
Overlap of the combined density grid of breeding albatrosses and petrels with total pelagic effort (blue) and demersal effort (green) for 1998. Fisheries data from Tuck et al. (2003)
agreement on the conservation of albatrosses and petrels10
Signatories - Spain, UK, New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Chile Ecuador, Argentina, South Africa and Norway

Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

Currently protects all southern hemisphere albatross species and seven species of southern hemisphere petrels

Northern hemisphere species may benefit from incorporation into the Agreement

us commission on ocean policy

US Commission on Ocean Policy

“It is in America’s interests to work with the international community to preserve the productivity and health of the oceans and to secure cooperation among nations everywhere in managing marine assets wisely.”

Final Report of the US Commission on Ocean Policy, September 2004

us leadership

US leadership

Reauthorization of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act promotes the science-based fishery management techniques successfully developed in the North Pacific

ACAP can act as a vehicle for U.S. to demonstrate leadership by promoting world-wide use of successful seabird bycatch mitigation measures developed domestically

summary
Summary
  • Clear shared resource
  • Needs international agreement to be effective
  • Adds value to existing frameworks, such as bycatch committee works of Regional Fisheries Management Organisations
ad