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CNT5505 DATA/COMUTER COMMUNICATIONS Spring 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CNT5505 DATA/COMUTER COMMUNICATIONS Spring 2010. About myself. Zhenghao Zhang Office: Love 164; Phone: 644-1685 Email: URL: Research area: Wireless networks Network security Peer to peer networks Optical networks. Office Hours.

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Spring 2010

Computer Science, FSU

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About myself

  • Zhenghao Zhang

  • Office: Love 164; Phone: 644-1685

  • Email:

  • URL:

  • Research area:

    • Wireless networks

    • Network security

    • Peer to peer networks

    • Optical networks

Computer Science, FSU

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Office Hours

  • Love 164

  • 3:00pM – 5:00PM, Tuesday, or by appointments through email

Computer Science, FSU

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What is CNT5505 about?

  • General purpose computer networks

    • Not specialized networks (e.g., telephone or cable)

  • Fundamental principles

    • Not survey of existing protocol standards

  • Focus on network software architecture

    • Only discuss some relevant network hardware

  • Designing and building network systems

Computer Science, FSU

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Course Prerequisites

  • A rudimentary understanding of computer architecture, and operating systems would be helpful

  • Basic probability theory may be needed to understand some performance analysis

  • Basic understanding of algorithm analysis

  • C/C++ or Java programming is required

    • Socket programming

    • Unix programming

      • Event multiplexing, timer

  • Provided executable code and template of project in C/C++

    • You can develop the project in Java

Computer Science, FSU

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Course Materials

  • Required textbook

    • “Computer Networks,'' by Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Prentice Hall, 4th edition, 2003

  • Class notes, other assigned readings

  • Materials on the Internet

Computer Science, FSU

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Class Information

  • Class website


    • Go to my website and click teaching

  • Check the Announcements and your email account regularly

Computer Science, FSU

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Course Requirements

  • Do assigned readings

    • Be prepared; read textbook/lectures before class

  • Attend and participate in class activities

    • Please ask and answer questions in (and out of) class

    • Attendance will be considered in the final letter grade

  • Workload

    • Homework assignments.

    • Projects.

    • One midterm

    • One final

Computer Science, FSU

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Policies and Guidelines

  • Homework and Assignments usually have two due times.

    • Please work early and make the first due time.

    • 10% penalty for submission by the second due time.

    • Zero if later than the second due time.

  • No make-up exam, no incomplete

    • unless proof of emergency

  • Scholastic behaviors

    • Follow the Academic Honor Code.

    • Acknowledge reference/credits if receive help.

    • You may end up “F” for dishonesty. It is not worth it.

Computer Science, FSU

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Important dates

  • Check the course website

  • For homework assignments

    • Hand in hard-copy in class on due dates

    • Preferably typed instead of handwritten

  • For course project

    • Submit by email

    • Midnight on the due dates

    • Demo time will be announced later

Computer Science, FSU

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Course Project

  • There will be several projects.

  • Not coding intensive

Computer Science, FSU

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Questions and Concerns?

Computer Science, FSU

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Computer Communication: A motivation example

  • What happens behind the scene when I click on (on machine diablo)

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 1: on local host

  • Browser figures out what to do with the URL:

    • Three components in URL

      • Where:

      • What: (retrieving file index.html)

      • How: through HTTP protocol

    • Talk to http daemon on to get file index.html through HTTP protocol

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 2: translating domain name to IP address

  • Each machine on the Internet identified by one or more IP address

  • Browser translating domain name ( to corresponding IP address using domain name server (DNS)

    • DNS in CS department:

  • How does browser know IP address of DNS server?

    • Hard-coded (/etc/resolv.conf)

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 2: Getting IP address (Con’t)

  • Call its UDP protocol entity to talk to port 53

  • UDP protocol calls IP to send a datagram to

  • Turns out that and (diablo) are on the same Ethernet domain, can send directly via the Ethernet.

  • Needs to find out the Ethernet address of

  • uses ARP protocol, sends an ARP packet over the network

    What is the address of

    result: 00:30:48:2A:29:FD

  • IP asks Ethernet to send an Ethernet frame to 00:30:48:2A:29:FD.

  • Ethernet on receives an Ethernet frame, turns out to be an IP packet, pass it to the IP module.

  • IP module finds out it is a UDP packet and passes it to UDP module.

  • UDP realizes that a process is listening to port 53, notifies the process.

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 2: Getting IP address (Cont’d)

  • Browser calls UDP protocol entity to send a message to

  • The UDP message to the DNS server is “What is the IP address of”

  • The DNS server sends a message back:

    • Actually situation is complicated than this

    • is associated with multiple IP addresses

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 3: establishing HTTP connection

  • Calls TCP entity to set up a connection to /80

  • TCP protocol calls IP to send a datagram to

    • turns out that and diablo are not directly connected.

    • need to forward to the first-hop router (

    • find the Ethernet address of first-hop router using arp

    • forward packet to first-hop router

    • (second router, third router) …...

    • receives a packet.

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 4: Web page request and retrieval

  • Use TCP to send strings (following the HTTP protocol): “get / HTTP/1.1\nHost:\n\n”

    • TCP entity calls IP to send a datagram

    • …..

    • responses with the content of index.html

Computer Science, FSU

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Step 5: web page rendering

  • Browser displays the content of the web page

  • This example was greatly simplified

    • We did not discuss routing in detail

    • We did not discuss rate-control

    • We did not discuss error-control

Computer Science, FSU

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The above example greatly simplified



(http client)

http server










Computer Science, FSU

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What problems we need to resolve?

  • Naming, addressing

  • fragmentation/reassembly

  • multiplexing/demultiplexing

  • routing

  • resolve contention

  • Speed mismatch between sender/receiver

  • error control

  • …...

Computer Science, FSU