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Plato and Aristotle. Students of Socrates. Plato.

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Plato and aristotle

Plato and Aristotle

Students of Socrates


  • It was claimed that Plato's real name was Aristocles, and that 'Plato' was a nickname (roughly 'the broad') derived either from the width of his shoulders, the results of training for wrestling, or from the breadth of his style, or from the size of his forehead.


  • 427-347 BCE

  • son of wealthy and influential Athenian parents

  • Plato tried both to pass on the heritage of a Socratic style of thinking

Plato s background
Plato’s Background

  • Plato was in the military from 409 BC to 404 BC during the Peloponnesian War with Sparta

  • he wanted a political career rather than a military one

  • the execution of Socrates in 399 BC had a profound effect on him and left politics for good

Plato s political beliefs
Plato’s Political Beliefs

  • aristocracy, a Greek word which means "rule by the best."

  • Appropriate roles: Individuals have certain talents or skills.

  • Philosopher Kings should rule

  • An educated society is essential.

  • Power should not be hereditary

Aristotle s background
Aristotle’s Background

Born in Macedonia, in 384 BC

  • He spent twenty years (17-37) of his life studying at the Academy under Plato

  • When Plato died, Aristotle returned to Macedonia and tutored the King’s son, Alexander the Great

  • He came back to Athens with Alexander's approval in 335 and established his own school

Aristotle s political beliefs
Aristotle’s Political Beliefs

Monarchy and Aristocracy only good if rulers were virtuous

Democracy was the least dangerous form of government

Kings should take advice from philosophers

  • Educated societies create a moral and virtuous people

  • The middle class should hold the power