62 years of independence the future is bright
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62 years of Independence The Future is Bright. Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee Professor Indian Institute of Mass Communication Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa, India [email protected] Greetings and Best wishes on 63rd year of our Independence.

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62 years of independence the future is bright

62 years of IndependenceThe Future is Bright

Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee


Indian Institute of Mass Communication

Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa, India

[email protected]

On this day we pay homage to all those persons who fought for the independence.They sacrificed their lives.As a result we are enjoying being citizens of a free, sovereign nation.
It is a time for reflection.It is a time to look at the present.It is also time to plan for the future.… and the future is bright.
The condition of ‘India that is Bharat’ can be summed is in just one line: tera India mahan, mera Bharat pareshan.(Your India is great, but my bharat is in trouble)s- Seen scrawled at the back of a truck.
contrast ing pictures
Abject Poverty

200 million people earn less than Rs 12 per day.

Number of poor people growing. Farmers are committing suicide.

Highest number of illiterate persons

No 4 in Forbes billionaire list.

Consistent 8.5% economic growth for the last 6 years

India will be the second fastest growing economy in the world after China*

Highest number of tech-qualified persons

*Goldman Sachs, the American financial services major

Contrasting pictures
contrast ing pictures1
Appalling basic health services

30 crore illiterate; largest in the world

Emerging as global pharma-hub and medical destination

Indian firms have two-thirds of the global market in offshore IT services. Indian IT industry is worth $50b. Exports $32b. Growing at 35%

Contrasting pictures
contrast ing pictures2
Widespread hunger

Perennial shortage of electricity

126 in HDI list

Slimming centers mushrooming

India’s merchandise exports grew by a quarter last year

People are happier than many Western countries: survey

Contrasting pictures
signs of change rising gdp growth
Signs of change:Rising GDP growth

% average annual GDP growth

1900 – 1950 1.0

1950 – 1980 3.5

1980 – 2002 6.0

2002 – 2007 8.0

Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001), 2000-2005 Finance Ministry

signs of change falling population growth
Signs of change:Falling population growth

% average annual growth

1901 – 1950 1.0

1951 – 1980 2.2

1981 – 1990 2.1

1991 – 2000 1.8

2001 – 2010 1.5

Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001)

signs of change increasing literacy rate
Signs of change:Increasing literacy rate


1950 17

1990 52

2000 65

2010 (proj) 80

Source: Census of India (2001)

signs of change rising middle class
Signs of change:Rising middle class

% Million

1980 8 65

2000 22 220

2010 (proj) 32 368

Source: The Consuming Class, National Council of Applied Economic Research, 2002

signs of change declining poverty
Signs of change:Declining poverty

1980 46%

2000 26%

2010 (proj) 16%

1% of the people have been crossing poverty line each year for 20 years. Equals ~ 200 million.

signs of change improvements are marked in
Signs of change:Improvements are marked in
  • Wealth creation: knowledge is the key now
  • Connectivity
  • Democratisation of knowledge
  • Democracy, governance, public participation, transparency and accountability
  • Infrastructure
signs of change recent improvements
Signs of change:Recent Improvements
  • Increase in spending on social Sector
  • Right to Education Bill passed
  • Right to Information Act in place
india s advantage
India’s advantage
  • A young workforce
    • The average age is just 24.9. Even China(32.7) is graying. Young mind is more adaptable to change and new technology. India has the largest youth base of 60 crores below 25.
  • Pluralism
    • Pluralism emerges from the very nature of our country; it is a choice made inevitable by India’s geography, reaffirmed by its history and reflected in its ethnography.
  • Democracy
    • A political regime that encourages diversity.
india s advantage continues
India’s advantage continues…
  • Indian analytical mind
    • Indians are inherently and genetically lateral thinkers and more analytical. That stands them in good stead in tomorrow’s technology- that relies heavily on analysis and logic.
  • Adaptability
    • Indians can adapt to change very quickly. In fact that is the reason three waves- agrarian, smokestack and knowledge economy are sustaining simultaneously. They can assimilate and indianize things very quickly.
more advantages
More advantages
  • Relative backwardness.
    • That is an advantage, because India can straight adopt third wave technology without investing in second wave technology like the western countries did.
  • Emerging Knowledge society.
    • Knowledge is becoming central- from running the economy to wealth creation to governance. India with its young trained and skilled manpower will take the lead in the world.
budget 2009
Budget 2009
  • The main theme of the Budget clearly is boosting growth and employment, with an Aam Aadmi focus
  • Priorities have been re-affirmed for agriculture, rural infrastructure and labour-intensive export-oriented industries and social sector expenditure like NREGA. Such contra-cyclical small-ticket targeted government expenditure attempts to address the issue of a equitable distribution of income and balanced growth.
      • RASHESH SHAH, The Economic Times, 13 Jul 2009,


what are the obstacles
What are the obstacles?
  • Mediocrity. The typical ‘chalta hai’ attitude is a bane. Excellence should be sought and rewarded.
  • Inequality. 100,000 have assets of more than US $1 million. 20 crores earn less than $1 a day. Inequality fuels social tension. 
  • Illiteracy. Education should be the first priority.
  • Poor Infrastructure. Infrastructure is the framework of development.
more obstacles
More obstacles
  • Myopic Political mindset. Slower we react to the new need and change, more chances of failure arises.
  • Intolerance. Tolerance of diversity is vital for a knowledge society.
  • Corruption. It is eating into the vitals of the country.
We are what we think. All that we are, arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world. - Buddha.
what media can do
What media can do?
  • Media has the power to propel people to overcome the obstacles, and develop as a nation.We, the media persons have the power to act as a catalyst in the process of growth.
Rishi Aurobindo prophesied what is penned beautifully in a song: ‘Bharat abar biswasabhai srestha asan labe’(India will once again be the best in the world).In the new environment, when knowledge is central - India will emerge as a strong nation. It is not a wishful thinking, but an achievable reality.