Depression, Reaction and the Return of World War. How did a world order devoted to peace in 1920 become engulfed in the world’s worst war?. Objectives. How did the results of World War I leave some countries bitter and unsatisfied with the international order?
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How did a world order devoted to peace in 1920 become engulfed in the world’s worst war?
How did the results of World War I leave some countries bitter and unsatisfied with the international order?
How and why would Italy abandon democracy for ultra-nationalistic right wing dictatorship? How did Italy become the model for Germany by 1933?
Why did Japan turn to ultra-nationalistic militarism in the 1930’s? How did this conflict with America’s position in the Pacific?
How did Germany turn to an ultra-nationalist dictatorship under Hitler and the Nazi party?
How did German right wing nationalism work against the Jewish population of that country?
How did American isolationism and European appeasement support the rise of militarized dictatorships?
This lecture focuses on World History since these events would draw America into World War II
Following World War I, some of the victor nations were left too weak to maintain their position while defeated nations were too bitter to accept the terms of peace
War debts and reparations were lingering problems in international relations following World War I
The Depression had a catastrophic effect on many nations that would promote the support of militarized dictatorships
The 1930’s can be compared to a gathering storm as the world moved to war. Attempts to disarm and promote peace rapidly failed though the 1930’s
Hitler promoted the idea that Germany’s surrender was a stab in the back by Jews and Communists in Berlin
The Nazi Party began as a small group of frustrated soldiers who felt that Germany was being held back from its glorious destiny
The Nazi Party grew most powerful when civil and economic order broke down, especially after the Depression hit
Hitler and some Nazis attempted to overthrow the state of Bavaria- failed and he went to jail in 1924- imitating Mussolini’s march on Rome
Nazi candidates became the largest party in Reichstag by the end of 1932
German President and war hero Paul Von Hindenburg asked Hitler to become chancellor (prime minister) Jan 1933
Reichstag burned down 27 February- Nazis blame the Communists and request extraordinary powers to save the nation
Reichstag votes overwhelmingly to give Hitler the power of dictator
Nazis make other political parties illegal and the Nazi party infiltrates most every institution of Germany
Hitler was aware that emotion was more powerful than reason in his public appearances
Great efforts were made to inspire friends and cower opponents
Propaganda and public policy supported the cult of the Fuhrer
Nazi Fascist Theatre
Nazis identified Jews and Communists as the cause of Germany’s failures in the past
"I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord.." – Hitler, Mein Kampf
Hitler claimed every annexation of territory would be his last
Convenient for western democracies to sacrifice the east to placate Hitler