Qualitative Observation vs. Inference. What is an observation?. When you observe, you become aware of something using one of your senses. Your five senses are smell, taste, sight, touch, and sound. An observation is a statement describing a fact. Observation.
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In the space below, record 5 observations about your science classroom.
Key Term: Qualitative Observation-
It describes the qualities or characteristics of something. Ex. Senses-Sight, taste , smell, touch, and sound
Sometimes scientists must make very careful observations. Often their senses are not good enough. There are some things that cannot be observed using just your senses. (Examples: radiation, sound waves, planets, cells, etc.)
Microscopes, Telescopes, satellites, etc.
Warm-up: Write the next key term in your NB
Key Term: Inference-a statement based on your interpretation of the facts.
Ex. It is going to lightning.
When you infer, you make a mental judgment based on observations. Inferences cannot be directly observed. They require thought.