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Qualitative Observation vs. Inference. What is an observation?. When you observe, you become aware of something using one of your senses. Your five senses are smell, taste, sight, touch, and sound. An observation is a statement describing a fact. Observation.

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Presentation Transcript
what is an observation
What is an observation?
  • When you observe, you become aware of something using one of your senses. Your five senses are smell, taste, sight, touch, and sound.
  • An observation is a statement describing a fact.
observation
Observation

In the space below, record 5 observations about your science classroom.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

qualitative observation
Qualitative Observation

Key Term: Qualitative Observation-

It describes the qualities or characteristics of something. Ex. Senses-Sight, taste , smell, touch, and sound

Sometimes scientists must make very careful observations. Often their senses are not good enough. There are some things that cannot be observed using just your senses. (Examples: radiation, sound waves, planets, cells, etc.)

slide5
Can you think of ways that scientists have solved this problem? How can scientists extend their senses?

Microscopes, Telescopes, satellites, etc.

what is an inference
What is an inference?

Warm-up: Write the next key term in your NB

Key Term: Inference-a statement based on your interpretation of the facts.

Ex. It is going to lightning.

When you infer, you make a mental judgment based on observations. Inferences cannot be directly observed. They require thought.

examples
Observations

That plant is extremely wilted.

The car stopped running

The fish are swimming

Inferences

That plant is extremely wilted due to a lack of water.

The car stopped running because it was out of gas.

The fish are swimming fast because they were just fed.

Examples
more examples
More examples
  • What observations can we make about this picture?
  • What can we infer based on this picture?