THE PORTUGUESE EDUCATION SYSTEM. Portuguese Educational System Chart. Age. Doctorate 2 to 4 years. Degree 3/4 years. Higher Education. Polythecnic Institutes. University. Master 2 to 4 years. Master 2 years. Degree 2 years. 18 - 23. National Exams to access University.
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Portuguese Educational System Chart Age Doctorate 2 to 4 years Degree 3/4 years Higher Education Polythecnic Institutes University Master 2 to 4 years Master 2 years Degree 2 years 18 - 23 National Exams to access University Secondary Schools SecondarySchool 10th to 12th Grade Professional Schools 15 - 17 General Courses Vocational Courses Adult Education 12 - 15 3rd Cycle – 7th to 9th Grade Basic School (Compulsory) 2nd Cycle – 5th to 6th Grade 10 - 12 6 - 10 1st Cycle – 1st to 4th Grade Pre-School – Optional* 3 - 5 *A single teacher, who may be assisted in specialized areas as Music, Sports and Technologies
Teacher education Training of pre-school and primary school teachers Educators and teachers for basic and secondary schools obtain the adequate qualification through higher education courses (which awards them a degree) structured on the basis of professional performance needs according to the corresponding level of educational training. The educational training of educators and teachers for 1st, 2nd cycles is performed during the 3 years of their graduation. To be teachers they need to have a master on education.
Training of secondary school teachers The educational training of teachers for secondary school is offered by university institutions. The professional qualification of teachers for secondary schools can be obtained through a normal degree which guarantees them scientific education in the adequate field of study complemented by adequate pedagogical training. The professional qualifications of teachers of vocational and artistic subjects can be obtained through a degree that are specially oriented towards the specific fields of study and completed by adequate pedagogical training. These pedagogical courses can only be attended by educators and teachers of basic and secondary schools with 5 year practice in regular or special education.
Those who choose a specific teaching course must have a master in order to be qualified to teach. 4th year they prepare their final course thesis and on the 5th year (last one) they must do the pedagogical practice at school under supervision of a school teacher and university teacher. One must attend monitor’s classes and prepare some material to teach these classes. If someone wants to teach but his degree is not specific for teaching purposes, one can apply for a teacher’s training but it will be done in two different years. The 1st year it will be for attending classes at university to learn pedagogical and methodological subjects and the 2nd year it will be at school under the same kind of supervision, the difference here is that you have your one classes to teach