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From Bespoke to Standard Solid State Mass Memories. Aitor Viana Sánchez Data Handling Systems ESTEC, 27 th Oct 2009. Outline. Solid State Mass Memories discussion What to standardize SOIS standard SSMM Summary. Solid State Mass Memories discussion.

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from bespoke to standard solid state mass memories
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009

From Bespoke to Standard Solid State Mass Memories

Aitor Viana Sánchez

Data Handling Systems

ESTEC, 27th Oct 2009

outline
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009Outline
  • Solid State Mass Memories discussion
  • What to standardize
  • SOIS standard SSMM
  • Summary
solid state mass memories discussion
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009Solid State Mass Memories discussion
  • It should be possible to develop a SSMM as a standard building block capable of being used for multiple missions, but:
    • For maximum architectural flexibility, a relatively low level interface should be defined to the SMMM
    • Unfortunately this is often implemented with a proprietary data link layer, network file and packet access protocols, and services
  • This means that the required software to access the SSMM has to be defined, developed and validated for each mission
ssmm traditional design
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Traditional Design

OBC

Apps

Bespoke File Access and Packet Store Services

Bespoke Network File Access Protocol

File Access

Services

Packet Access

Services

Network File Access Protocol

Physical Transport Services

Bespoke Transport Services (data link layer and protocol)

File Store

Physical Transport Services

Mass

Memory

Mass

Memory

Network File Access Protocol

Packet Store

System

File System

Bespoke Memory Access Protocol

Memory Access Protocol

ssmm traditional design1
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Traditional Design
  • The SSMM services change from design to design
    • The SSMM services provided from the SSMM to operate with the files, i.e. open, read, write, lock, etc. may vary a lot from unit to unit.
  • The SSMM services implementation change from unit to unit
    • Even standardizing the services it is possible to implement them with many different APIs. It might be probably helpful to establish a common API
  • The SSMM data link change from unit to unit
    • There is the need to standardize the way the information is transferred between the entities (SSMM and OBC, payloads, etc)
  • The SSMM memory access protocol change from unit to unit
    • Wherever the File System is located, local to the OBC or remote in the SSMM, there is an access protocol from the FS to the memory devices. The standardization of this protocol is also standardize (i.e. Serial-ATA) would allow to exchange also the memory technology without any problem.
  • To provide a SSMM building block that can be used reused for multiple missions all these interfaces need to be standardized.
ssmm standard sois design
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design
  • Standardization of the SSMM services
    • The standardization of the SSMM services is provided using the File Access Service (FAS), File Management Service (FMS), File Transfer Service (FTS) and Packet Store Services (PSS)
    • The Network File System Protocol specifies the way the file system or packet store system are accessed. The suite of command/response sequences used to perform the operations specified in the SOIS services. SOIS does not define any NFSP nor recommend any but shall be implemented within FAS, FMS and FTS and might differ from unit to unit
ssmm standard sois design1
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design
  • Standardization of the SSMM services
    • The standardization of the SSMM services is provided using the File Access Service (FAS), File Management Service (FMS), File Transfer Service (FTS) and Packet Store Services (PSS)
    • The Network File System Protocol specifies the way the file system or packet store system are accessed. The suite of command/response sequences used to perform the operations specified in the SOIS services. SOIS does not define any NFSP nor recommend any but shall be implemented within FAS, FMS and FTS and might differ from unit to unit
  • Should the Network File System Protocol be specified or recommended within SOIS??
ssmm standard sois design cont d
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • The SSMM services standardization

OBC

Standardize File Access and Packet Store Services

Apps

FAS

FMS

FTS

Network File Access Protocol

Physical Transport Services

File Store

Physical Transport Services

Mass

Memory

Mass

Memory

Network File Access Protocol

Packet Store

System

File System

Memory Access Protocol

ssmm standard sois design cont d1
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • The SSMM services standardization

OBC

  • The SOIS FSPS standardize the user interface towards the SSMM but still lots of changes would be necessary in the Network File System Protocol to adapt to all possible different data link implementations for different SSMM units

Apps

FAS

FMS

FTS

Network File Access Protocol

Physical Transport Services

File Store

Physical Transport Services

Mass

Memory

Mass

Memory

Network File Access Protocol

Packet Store

System

File System

Memory Access Protocol

ssmm standard sois design cont d2
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • Network File System Protocol
    • Under the RASTA SSMM activity a custom NFSP has been developed and some useful findings came out
    • The developed protocol is a command-response protocol as File Operations requires confirmation (ACK) for all services
    • 1024 bytes SDU size was selected but up to 8KB may be used under Spacewire
    • The physical link used may be both Eth and Spacewire
    • Ethernet case (Spacewire may be extrapolated)
      • The protocol overhead is 90%. This protocol overhead is not only due to the protocol headers but the way the operating system handles the internal resources (context switch, interrupt service routines, etc.)
    • To ensure the results test with netperf tool have been performed
      • “netperf” does not do anything with the data
ssmm standard sois design cont d3
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • Network File System Protocol (cont’d)
    • Test has been performed for:
      • UDP_RR: send one packet and waits for ACK for sending next one
      • UDP_STREAM: best effort sending (no ACKs)
      • TCP_STREAM: like UDP_RR but using TCP window
      • TCP_RR: like TCP_STREAM without sending window (like UDP_RR but using TCP)
ssmm standard sois design cont d4
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • Standardization of the Data Link Layer
    • SOIS FPSS maps down to the SOIS Packet Service (PS) and SOIS Memory Access Services (MAS), but the introduction of the SOIS Subnetwork services does not standardize the Data Link layer protocol. For that we need to agree the way the data is transferred through the physical bus.Thus, all the SOIS Subnetwork services will map down with the ECSS extension protocols
      • ECSS CAN (ECSS-E-ST-50-15)
      • ECSS MIL-STD-1553 (ECSS-E-ST-50-13C)
      • ECSS Spacewire (TBD)
ssmm standard sois design cont d5
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • The SSMM data link standardization

OBC

Apps

SOIS FPSS

Network File Access Protocol

Standardize Transport Services (data link layer and protocol)

MAS

PS

ECSS

SpW

ECSS

CAN

ECSS

1553

Physical Transport Services

File Store

Physical Transport Services

ECSS extension protocols

Standardize Transport Services (data link layer and protocol)

SOIS Subnetwork Services

Mass

Memory

Mass

Memory

Network File Access Protocol

Packet Store

System

File System

Memory Access Protocol

ssmm standard sois design cont d6
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • The SSMM data link standardization

OBC

  • The SOIS Subnetwork MAS and PS services mapped down to the ECSS bus extension protocols fully standardize both the data link layer and data link protocol.SSMM units complying with this approach become reusable building blocks

Apps

SOIS FPSS

Network File Access Protocol

MAS

PS

ECSS

SpW

ECSS

CAN

ECSS

1553

Physical Transport Services

File Store

Physical Transport Services

ECSS extension protocols

Standardize Transport Services (data link layer and protocol)

SOIS Subnetwork Services

Mass

Memory

Mass

Memory

Network File Access Protocol

Packet Store

System

File System

Memory Access Protocol

ssmm standard sois design cont d7
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • Standardization of the Memory Access
    • Out of the SOIS scope
    • The file system (or packet store) interfaces to the memory devices by means of a Memory Access Protocol (MAP). This MAP has not being standardize for space usage but examples might be take from commercial world, i.e. Serial-ATA
    • Standardizing this protocol will de-couple the SSMM design from the memory device technology (RAM, Flash, Solid-state drives, etc.).
ssmm standard sois design cont d8
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009SSMM Standard SOIS Design (cont’d)
  • The SSMM Memory Access standardization

OBC

Apps

SOIS FPSS

Network File Access Protocol

SOIS Subnetwork Services

ECSS

SpW

ECSS

CAN

ECSS

1553

Physical Transport Services

File Store

Physical Transport Services

ECSS extension protocols

SOIS Subnetwork Services

Mass

Memory

Mass

Memory

Standardize Memory Access Protocol

Network File Access Protocol

Packet Store

System

File System

i.e. Serial-ATA

summary
CCSDS Fall Meeting - 2009Summary
  • SSMM should become standard building blocks to be reused for multiple missions
  • SOIS assists in the standardization process by providing:
    • SOIS File and Packet Store Services standardize the SSMM services
      • Standard Network File System Protocol (TBC) ?
    • SOIS sub-network Packet and Memory Access Services standardize the Data link
      • ECSS bus extension protocols also standardize the data link transfer protocol
  • Outside the scope of CCSDS SOIS, the memory access protocol used by the to the file system (or packet store system) to access the memory devices could also be standardized, making the SSMM independent from the memory technology being used