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2 Samuel Introduction and 1-2 Tonight we come to the 10th book of the Bible - 2 Samuel Remember - We said that In the Hebrew manuscripts the books of 1st and 2nd Samuel form ONE book
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Under the title "The First Book of Samuel" it often reads – "Otherwise called the first Book of the Kings”
The rest of 1 Samuel and the whole of the Second are thought to be penned by Nathan and Gad
There are those who don't like the division of the Book into 1st and 2nd Samuel
Isa 9:7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.
Tearing your clothes ---- putting dirt on your head ---- was the normal reaction to grief or shock in the OT
“How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” 6And the young man who told him said, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and there was Saul leaning on his spear, and behold, the chariots and the horsemen were close upon him. 7And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called to me. And I answered, ‘Here I am.’ 8And he said to me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ 9And he said to me ‘Stand beside me and kill me, for anguish has seized me, and yet my life still lingers.’ 10So I stood beside him and killed him,
because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen. And I took the crown that was on his head and the armlet that was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”
5And when his armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell upon his sword and died with him. 6Thus Saul died, and his three sons, and his armor-bearer, and all his men, on the same day together.
Saul’s disobedience in 1 Samuel 15 is about 25 years prior to the battle of 1 Samuel 31.
Isn’t it interesting that the crown which Saul had forfeited by his disobedience in regards to the Amalekites was stolen by an Amalekite!
Malachi 1:2-3 “I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have you loved us?” “Is not Esau Jacob’s brother?” declares the Lord. “Yet I have loved Jacob 3but Esau I have hated. I have laid waste his hill country and left his heritage to jackals of the desert.”
EXAMPLE: When the Israelites came out of Egypt and were passing through Rephidim
EXAMPLE:When the twelve spies returned from the land of Canaan ---- Joshua and Caleb encouraged the people to take the land ---- but the ten other spies caused the entire nation to draw back in unbelief.
HERE’S THE POINT: Anyone who wanted to fight with Israel had a friend in the Amalekites.
REMEMBER – Entire people groups (like the Egyptians and Philistines) were pawns in the real battle being waged by Satan against
Romans 8:5-8 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. 6To set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. 7For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. 8Those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
BUT LISTEN –The story of the Amalekitesdoes not end here with this liar / scavenger
The ultimate purpose of God in calling and choosing Abraham was to bring the Savior into the world through the descendants of Abraham ---- Israel.
Romans 13:14 But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.
And he answered, “I am the son of a sojourner, an Amalekite.” 14David said to him, “How is it you were not afraid to put out your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” 15Then David called one of the young men and said, “Go, execute him.” And he struck him down so that he died. 16And David said to him, “Your blood be on your head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord’s anointed.’”
David has had a lot of time to process in his own heart a lot of things about the kingdom
David is genuinely mourning for Saul because in the last few weeks of his life he had come to realize that Saul could never threaten the plans and purposes of God
18and he said it should be taught to the people of Judah; behold, it is written in the Book of Jashar.
Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult.
God’s glory was at stake – not David’s vindication.
21“You mountains of Gilboa,let there be no dew or rain upon you, nor fields of offerings! For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,the shield of Saul, not anointed with oil.
24 “You daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you luxuriously in scarlet, who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.25“How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle!“Jonathan lies slain on your high places.26 I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;very pleasant have you been to me; your love to me was extraordinary, surpassing the love of women.
Those who read this from hearts that are perverted want to pervert the relationship between David and Jonathan
They say that this must be homosexual love say it because they begin with the supposition that two men can not love each other without it being sexual ---- without it being what the Bible clearly says is immoral.
Jonathan loving David as the Lord's choice to succeed Saul ----- even to the point of risking his life for David (1 Sam. 20:30–33).