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TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 101. An Overview of the Basics - Requirements & Responsibilities. History & Program Overview. Program Authority - The Authorization Act The Eisehower Interstate Program (1957-1969) STURAA – 1987-1991 ISTEA – 1992-1997 TEA-21 – 1998-2003 SAFETEA – To Be Determined.

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TRANSPORTATION PLANNING101

An Overview of the Basics -

Requirements & Responsibilities

2003 MPO Conference


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History & Program Overview

  • Program Authority - The Authorization Act

    • The Eisehower Interstate Program (1957-1969)

    • STURAA – 1987-1991

    • ISTEA – 1992-1997

    • TEA-21 – 1998-2003

    • SAFETEA – To Be Determined

2003 MPO Conference


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History & Program Overview

The Federal Highway Bill

  • Common name for the Authorization/Reauthorization Act

  • Multi-Year (usually 5 or 6 years)

  • Most continuing program provisions are incorporated into the United States Code, Title 23: Highways

  • Funded from the Highway Trust Fund

  • Revenues derived from user taxes – fuel, trucks & tires

  • Donor States – including Indiana – pay more into the Trust Fund than they receive

  • Establishes the upper limits of funds for each program over the life of the bill

2003 MPO Conference


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History & Program Overview

  • The “Highway Bill” is not just a highway bill

  • Surface Transportation

  • Transit

  • Motor Carriers

  • And Other Programs such as Research & Safety

2003 MPO Conference


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Federal-Aid Highway Program

  • The Authorization Acts are the primary instrument used to shape and direct/redirect the Federal-Aid Highway Program

  • These Acts (ISTEA, TEA-21) can:

    Eliminate programs (federal aid system/funds)

    Add programs (STP, CMAQ)

    Modify program characteristics (I-4R to IM)

    Modify requirements (state LRP’s; fiscal constraint)

    Establish/Eliminate/Rename Funding Categories (Section 8/Section 5303; MA/MG)

2003 MPO Conference


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Federal-Aid Highway Program

  • The Appropriations Act - Annual legislation enacted by Congress that makes funds available for expenditure with specific limitations as to amount, purpose and duration

  • Allocations – funds that are not based on formulas (I.e. Interstate Construction; Bridge Discretionary)

  • Apportionments – funds that are based on statutory formulas (I.e. Bridge Replacement/Rehab; STP; CMAQ; NHS; IM)

  • Equity Funds – funds established for donor states & to ensure stability in funding amounts(I.e. MG)

  • Limitation on Obligations; Obligational Authority – annual action that controls the rate at which funds may be used; it does not change original apportionments or allocations

    (limits vary annually per Appropriations Act & Budget Auth.)

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process

  • 23 U.S.C. 134 – Metropolitan Planning (current)

  • Population Requirements – every urban area consisting of 50,000 or more people (as determined by the decennial census) must have an agency designated as the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) that is charged with carrying out the provisions of 23 U.S.C. 134

2003 MPO Conference


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Small MPO’s – agencies dealing with urbanized areas having populations of 50,000-200,000

Large MPO’s – agencies dealing with urbanized areas having populations over 200,000

Transportation Management Areas (TMA’s) – Large MPO’s in non-attainment areas

The Planning Process

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • Urbanized Area – the urban area as designated by the Bureau of the Census + the area expected to be urbanized over the next 20 years

  • Rural Area – non-urbanized area

  • Metropolitan Planning Area (MPA) – the urban and rural areas where the MPO has transportation planning jurisdiction and responsibilities

2003 MPO Conference


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Planning Areas having populations of 50,000-200,000

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

System Performance

Traffic Models

Planning Process

Transportation Plan

TIP/STIP

Implementation

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • The Big Three

    • The Long Range Plan – currently a 25 year horizon to ensure an on-going 20 year program

    • The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) – currently a 3 or 5 year program of projects taken from the Long Range Plan

    • The Unified Planning Work Program – an annual document setting forth the transportation planning activities to be conducted by the MPO

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • System Performance

    • Traffic Counts (HPMS, TMC), LOS, Delay, Accidents, Congestion

  • Models

    • TAZ’s, Land Use, Growth Trends, Traffic Counts, Lane Widths & Volumes, etc.

2003 MPO Conference


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Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

Technical Committee (stakeholders including INDOT)

Policy Committee

MPO Board

Public Involvement Processes

Newsletters

Meetings

Web Sites

Hearings

The Planning Process

2003 MPO Conference


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Transportation Plan having populations of 50,000-200,000

Using the system performance information, the traffic model, and the planning process (public input and local approvals), projects and timelines are identified for both the state and local roads

Other elements are included as set forth in the federal regulations such as a bicycle and pedestrian component and fiscal forecasts

Updates every 3 & 5 years depending on MPO

The Planning Process

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • TIP/STIP

  • A program of projects from the Transportation Plan

  • Reflects a 3 or 5 year program that can be updated annually and can be amended

  • Effective under the Federal Fiscal Year FFY Oct 1 through Sep 30

  • Fiscally constrained

  • Public participation policy

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • UPWP

  • Includes a Cost Allocation Plan (CAP) setting forth direct, indirect costs

  • Annual accounting of activities and anticipated use of funds – PL, 5303, STP, TCSP

  • Agreements – MOA

  • Effective under the State of Indiana fiscal year - FY July 1 through June 30

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

INDOT Overview

  • INDOT sets deadlines for TIP & UPWP

  • Provides annual dollar amounts for TIP & UPWP

  • Funding Policy – guarantee of STP to small MPO’s for TIP

  • Enhancement Committee for selection of projects on a statewide basis

  • PL Fund distribution per agreement - $50,000 sustaining + population; not subject to obligational limitation; allows for carry-over

  • 5303 Funds de-obligated annually

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • Reimbursements

  • This is not a grant program

  • PO’s (annually per UPWP) and claim vouchers for 80% reimbursement for expenditures; can be quarterly, monthly; accountability for expenditures (time sheets, etc.)

  • Annual audits required

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • MPO Agencies

  • Various compositions – local government, councils of government, transportation entities

  • Various responsibilities – planning & zoning, economic development, transit operators

2003 MPO Conference


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The Planning Process having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • Partners

    • INDOT

    • FHWA

    • FTA

    • IDEM/EPA

    • DNR

    • DOC

2003 MPO Conference


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Thank you having populations of 50,000-200,000

Acronyms

TIP, UPWP, ACR, CAP, FHWA, FTA, MPO, MPA, TE, STP, IM, FTA, TCSP, LRP, CMAQ, RTP, NHS, RABA, HOV, LOS, HPR,HPMS,ITS, HTF, PMTF, FRA, DOT, AND SO ON AND SO ON

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • A

    ACR Annual Completion Report

  • B

  • C

    CAP Cost Allocation Plan

    CMAQ Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality

  • D

    DNR Department of Natural Resources

    DOC Department of Commerce

    DOT Department of Transportation

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • E

    EPA Environmental Protection Agency

  • F

    FHWA Federal Highway Administration

    FRA Federal Railroad Administration

    FTA Federal Transit Administration

    FFY Federal Fiscal Year

    FY Fiscal Year

  • G

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • H

    HOV High Occupancy Vehicle

    HPMS Highway Performance Monitoring System

    HPR Highway Planning & Research

    HTF Highway Trust Fund

  • I

    IDEM Indiana Department of Environmental Management

    I-4R Interstate Reconstruction, Rehabilitation, Restoration, & Resurfacing

    IM Interstate Maintenance

    INDOT Indiana Department of Transportation

    ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act

    ITS Intelligent Transportation System

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • J

  • K

  • L

    LOS Level of Service

    LPA Local Public Agency

    LRP Long Range Plan

  • M

    MA Minimum Allocation

    MG Minimum Guarantee

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • M – continued

    MOA Memorandum of Agreement

    MOU Memorandum of Understanding

    MPA Metropolitan Planning Area

    MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization

  • N

    NHS National Highway System

  • O

  • P

    PL Planning Funds (currently 1%)

  • Q

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • R

    RABA Revenue Aligned Budget Authority

    RTP Recreational Trails Program

  • S

    SAFETEA Safe, Accessible, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act

    STIP State Transportation Improvement Program

    STP Surface Transportation Program

    STURAA Surface Transportation Uniform Relocation Assistance Act

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • T

    TAC Technical Advisory Committee

    TAZ Traffic Analysis Zone

    TCSP Transportation & Community & System Preservation funds

    TE Transportation Enhancement funds

    TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century

    TIP Transportation Improvement Program

    TMA Transportation Management Area

    TMC Turning Movement Count

    TP Transportation Plan (also referred to as LRP)

2003 MPO Conference


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Acronym Appendix having populations of 50,000-200,000

  • U

    UPWP Unified Planning Work Program

  • V

  • W

  • X

  • Y

  • Z

2003 MPO Conference