Late Nineteenth Century: Realism and Naturalism. Dempsey and Firpo , George Bellows, 1924. Realism: A Cultural Survey 1865-1880. The first transcontinental railroad was bound to the West.
Dempsey and Firpo, George Bellows, 1924
1. Artists and authors during the Local Color Movement (1865-1880) explored what their country looked like, and how the varied races which made up their growing population lived and talked (dialect, Mark Twain).
2. The subject matter of Realism is drawn from "our experience”– including setting. Characters are common men, speaking in the common vernacular. There is an emphasis on class.
3. Character is more important than plot. Ordinary characters are studied in depth.
4. Attack upon romanticism and romantic writers.
5. Renders reality closely and in detail.
6. Complete authorial objectivity; a world truly reported
Sand Hole Bronx, George Luks, 1906
Continuation of Realism, exploring the raw and unpleasant characteristics of life.
Writers include: Jack London, Kate Chopin, and Booker T. Washington.
“The primary goal …was not to demonstrate the overwhelming and oppressive reality of the material forces present in our lives. Their attempt, rather, was to represent the intermingling in life of controlling forces and individual worth. The Naturalists do not dehumanize man.”