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What Causes Climate. Section 1 By Quinn, Liza, James, and Brendon . Factors that affect temperature . Factors Affecting Temperature. Weather refers to the condition of the atmosphere at a particular place and time.

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what causes climate

What Causes Climate

Section 1

By Quinn, Liza, James, and Brendon

factors affecting temperature
Factors Affecting Temperature
  • Weather refers to the condition of the atmosphere at a particular place and time.
  • Climaterefers to the average yearly condition of precipitation, temperature, winds , and clouds, in that area
  • Temperature and precipitation determine the climate of a region.
  • A climate region is a large area with similar climate conditions.
the main factors that influence temperature
The main factors that influence temperature:

Latitude

Altitude

Distance from large bodies of water

Ocean current

latitude
Latitude
  • Tropical zone :the area near the equator that receives direct or nearly direct sunlight all year round.
  • Polar Zone:almost always have frigid temps.
altitude
Altitude
  • Depending on the Altitude temperature Can Change.
  • On a mountain the peak goes high in the atmosphere. So it has snow on it pretty much 24 hrs a day, 7 days a week and 52 weeks a year (except on leap years)
distance from large bodies of water
Distance From Large Bodies Of Water
  • ContinentalClimates:Are Pretty Far inland and have no bodies of water near to dull the weather. Have more extreme temp. such as hot summers and cold winters.
  • Marine Climate :Are Close To shore. The affects of the ocean/sea cool the air in summer and warm it in winter.
ocean current
Ocean Current
  • Cold currents flow from the polar region to the equator bringing cool air/weather
  • Warm currents flow to the polar region bringing warm air/weather
microclimates
Microclimates
  • A small area with specific climate may have its own microclimate
  • Like a mountain. It has snow, even if the surrounding area has an avrg temp of 96 degrees the mountain remains snowy
mountain ranges
Mountain Ranges
  • Rain and snow falls on the windward side of a mountain
  • The Leeward side of the mountain is in a rain shadow
the seasons
The Seasons
  • There are Four seasons
  • Summer
  • Autumn
  • Spring
  • Winter
how seasons work
How seasons work
  • The earth is tilted on its axis
  • That means that one hemisphere (northern or southern) is always tilted towards the sun
  • When the southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun and the northern away from it the sunlight hits the southern hemisphere directly and it is summer. It hits the northern indirectly and it is winter
  • And vise versa
  • During spring and fall neither side is tilted towards the sun and weather is moderate throughout