Louis XIV. LOUIS XIV "THE SUN KING". Cultural. Cultural. Louis’ efforts to centralize power in France inevitably led to conflict with the Catholic Church. The Church insisted that it be supreme over the monarchy. In 1682, Louis answered by stripping the papacy of all its power in France.
"THE SUN KING"
How Louis XIV’s
Crown looked like!
Perhaps the second most remarkable building constructed in the time period was the Louvre, completed by Claude Perrault
Far from being a pagan image, the royal sun was the image of the divine right of kingship, a concept accepted throughout the monarchies of Europe
The Battle of Issus
“Nothing marks the greatness of princes better than the buildings that compel the people to look on them with awe, and all posterity judges them by the superb palaces they have built during their lifetime”
-- Jean-Baptiste Colbert
The palace situated between the village of Versailles and the park with grand avenues radiating from the Court of Honor
The principal approach connected with the Champs Elysees in Paris.
The garden in detail reflects the geometry of the plan at the urban and regional scale.
“Among the rights that the laws give the sovereign should be included [the right] to display all the signs of grandeur and majesty necessary to make manifest the authority and dignity of such wide-ranging and lofty power, and to impress veneration for it upon the minds of all subjects. For although they should see in it the power of God Who has established it and should revere it apart from any visible signs of grandeur, nevertheless since God accompanies His own power with visible splendor on earth and in the heavens as in a throne and a palace...”Versailles
“He permits that the power He shares with sovereigns be proportionately enhanced by them in ways suitable for arousing respect in the people. This can only be done by the splendor that radiates from the magnificence of their palaces and the other visible signs of grandeur that surround them, and whose use He Himself has given to the princes who have ruled according to His spirit.” – Jean Domat, Jurist
The Chapel at Versailles
The Hall of Mirrors
The King’s Bedroom
The Queen’s Bedroom
20 kilometres (12 miles) of roads
46 kilometres (27 miles) of trellises
210,000 flowers planted every year
132 kilometres (80 miles) of rows of trees
23 hectares (55 acres): surface area of the Grand Canal
5.57 kilometres (3.3 miles): perimeter of the Grand Canal
620 fountain nozzles
35 kilometres (21 miles) of water conduits
3,600 cubic meters per hour: water consumed during Full Play of Fountains
11 hectares (26 acres) of roof
51,210 square meters of floors
1,500 drawings and 15,000 engravings
5,000 items of furniture and objets d'art
150 varieties of apple and peach trees in the Vegetable Garden
The Petit Trianon
Built under the direction of achitect, Louis le Vau, beginning in 1668.
Versailles was a grand spectacle of kingly power
As a noble, your status was now shown by your proximity (closeness) to the king and your willingness to spend money to show off at the court
Police began to keep an eye on Protestant families. Soldiers were then quartered in Protestant residences.
The French army became the strongest in Europe.
France became the wealthiest state in Europe.
French culture, manners, and customs became the European standard.
The arts flourished in France.
Louis engaged in costly wars that had disastrous results.
Rival rulers joined forces to check French ambitions.
Louis persecuted the Huguenots, causing many to flee France. Their departure was a huge blow to the French economy.
2Successes and Failures of Louis XIV
-Archbishop Francois de Fenelon, Educator
-- Louis on his deathbed