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Slavery. Aim: How did the Atlantic Slave trade shape the lives and economies of Africans and Europeans? Warm-up: vocab pg 125 Triangular trade, mutiny, Middle Passage. The triangle trade

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Aim: How did the Atlantic Slave trade shape the lives and economies of Africans and Europeans?

Warm-up: vocab pg 125

Triangular trade, mutiny, Middle Passage

The triangle trade
  • The transportation of Africans to North America and the Caribbean formed one side of what has become known as the triangle trade.
  • Ships would load up with guns, ammunition and manufactured goods in Britain and France, then sail for four months to West Africa where the cargo was exchanged for Africans.
  • Then came the middle passage across the Atlantic, and the sale of the African people in the Caribbean and in North American colonies.
  • Finally, the ships loaded up with the sugar, tobacco and cotton produced in the colonies and sailed back to England and France where the raw produce was refined and re-exported to other countries. - 3k

More than 20 million West Africans were captured and shipped across the Atlantic to work on plantations, but it is estimated that only half survived the journey.
  • The Africans were often held in prisons for a long time before the ships came and then had a long journey, known as the middle passage, across the sea to the Caribbean.
  • The Africans were chained together and crammed into holds on board ships and were subject to horrible living conditions, cruelty and torture.
  • Preferring death to slavery, some of the Africans managed to break their chains and dive overboard; others succumbed to disease. Millions of others braved the deplorable journey to face a harsh life on the plantations.

The Slave Trade

  • Existed in Africa before the coming of the Europeans.
  • Portuguese replaced European slaves with Africans.
    • Sugar cane & sugar plantations.
    • First boatload of African slaves brought by the Spanish in 1518.
    • 275,000 enslaved Africans exportedto other countries.
  • Between 16c & 19c, about 10 million Africans shipped to the Americas.
Slavery in the Americas
  • Why?
  • Needed labor on plantations
  • Black Africans were thought to be a cheap labor force b/c
  • a. worked in hot climates
  • b. new to the area
  • c. immune to European disease
  • d. experience in farming
400,000 slaves in the Southern colonies
  • 50,000 slaves in the Northern colonies
  • Transported by ship, through the middle passage
  • 20% died on the voyage
  • Slave ships called floating coffins

Slave Ship

“Middle Passage”


African CaptivesThrown Overboard

Sharks followed the slave ships!