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Important Terms. Two Terms to know: Positionally: A reference to one’s position in relationship to something else. Experientially: A reference to one’s experience in relationship to something else. Review of the Introduction to The Epistle of James.

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important terms
Important Terms

Two Terms to know:

  • Positionally: A reference to one’s position in relationship to something else.
  • Experientially: A reference to one’s experience in relationship to something else.
review of the introduction to the epistle of james
Review of theIntroduction to The Epistle of James

Author: GodWriter: James (brother of Jesus)Time Period: ~45-50 A.D.Written To: Believing Jews scattered from Jerusalem because of persecution.

review of the introduction to the epistle of james1
Review of theIntroduction to The Epistle of James

James deals with one topic which he addresses through four evidences.

  • True Spirituality: a. Faith in action. b. Self-Control. c. Unselfish, Generous, Impartial, Patient. d. Submits to God through Prayer.

James teaches what True Spirituality means, and also teaches the mechanics needed in order to be “Truly Spiritual.”

review of trial protocol
Review of Trial Protocol

Verse two of James chapter 1 identifies Trial Protocol. Trial Protocol is the operational procedure designed to be enacted when an individual is faced with a trial during their time on earth.

Protocol Summary: Action to enact: Hold an opinion of all joy which governs your thought process. When to enact: Upon facing trials during time on earth.

review of the faith action principle
Review of The Faith Action Principle

Verse three of James chapter 1 identifies The Faith Action Principle. This is the doctrine that dependence upon Bible Doctrine during testing results in the ability to remain under circumstances (testing or not).

The Faith Action Principle: Dependence upon Bible Doctrine results in the ability to remain under circumstances.

review of the faith action product
Review of The Faith Action Product

Verse four of James chapter 1 identifies The Faith Action Product. It is the result of remaining under a circumstance which tries your character. The Faith Action Product is also known as spiritual growth or spiritual maturity.

The Faith Action Product:

The spiritual growth produced in the believer who utilizes dependence upon Bible Doctrine to support them through a trial.

review of diagram 1
Review of Diagram 1

The Diagram of Trial & Tribulation Protocol* appears this way:

*(summary of Trial Protocol, the Faith Action Principle, and the Faith Action Product)

Trial Protocol (enables)

The Faith Action Principle (which produces)

Faith Action Product (Spiritual Growth)

trials tribulation part 4
Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

“But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him.”

James 1:5

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

de ei

But if

James begins verse 5 with a phrase which connects a new thought of a slightly different topic to what he has previously written in verses two through four. It is therefore a part of Trial & Tribulation Protocol.

conditional if statements of koine greek
Conditional “if” statements ofKoine Greek

A conditional statement creates a situation which is comprised of two parts.

1. The Protasis(aka: the first part) This is the condition which is met, or must be met in order for the second part to be true or occur.

2. The Apodosis (aka: the second part) This is the situation that results once the condition is met.

i.e.: Salvation

conditional if statements of koine greek1
Conditional “if” statements ofKoine Greek

For example, Salvation:

“If you believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, then you will be saved.”

Protasis: “If you believe on the Lord Jesus Christ”Apodosis: “Then you will be saved.”

In order to be saved, you must meet the condition of believing on the Lord Jesus Christ.

conditional if statements of koine greek2
Conditional “if” statements ofKoine Greek

Koine Greek uses Conditional “if” statements to emphasize four different realities of a statement:

1. Reality of the statement (If, and it is reality; if and it is true) 2. Non-reality of the statement (If, and it is non-reality; if and it is false) 3. Possible reality of the statement (If, and maybe it’s reality, maybe it’s not) 4. Desired reality of the statement (If, and I wish it were reality, but it’s not)

trials tribulation part 42
Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

de ei

But if

James uses a first class conditional “if” statement to identify reality. He is saying, “But if, in reality, anyone of you lacks wisdom…”

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

tiVumwn

anyone (of) you all

The phrase, tiVumwn (pronounced “tis hoo-mohn”) emphasizes a single person out of a larger group.

That larger group is the diaspora.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

leipetaisofiaV

lacks wisdom

The passive verb leipetai (pronounced “leip-eh-tai”) means “to lack.”

It carries with it the idea that a person or object is lacking the possession or ownership of something.

voice in koine greek
Voice in Koine Greek

Voice is used in Koine Greek to express how the subject operates in relationship to the verb. There are three types of voice in Koine Greek:

  • Active Voice – the subject performs the action.
  • Middle Voice – the subject participates in the action.
  • Passive Voice – the subject is acted upon by the action.

“leipetai” is in the Passive Voice. This identifies the subject as being “lacking in the possession of something.”

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

leipetaisofiaV

lacks wisdom

The object which the subject is lacking is sofiaV (pronounced “soh-fee-ahs”). It is a feminine noun which literally means, “the understanding of how to apply knowledge to circumstance.”

This is the object which is lacking.

gender in koine greek
Gender in Koine Greek

Koine Greek uses gender to identify relationship correlations over biological construction.

3 Gender Types:1. Masculine gender – identifies an initiator

  • Neuter gender – identifies a tool or instrument
  • Feminine gender – identifies a responder

sofiaVis in the Feminine Gender which identifies it as being based on response.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

sofiaV

wisdom

sofiaV is based on response. Understanding how to apply what you have learned to your situations is based on response to three important factors.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

Your possession of wisdom is based upon response to:

1. The knowledge you have learned.

2. The quality of that knowledge.

3. The dependency upon quality knowledge.

sidenote 1
Sidenote 1

All data which is perceived through the senses (taste, touch, sight, hearing, smell) enters into the parietal lobe of the brain.

Once in the parietal lobe it is transferred to the left frontal lobe and evaluated by a number of examinations including world view, intellect, mindset, and desire.

The purpose of this evaluation is to determine the quality or dependability of the data.

diagram 1
Diagram #1

The Knowledge Evaluation Principle:

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

James identifies the following in the Protasis of his conditional statement:

“but if, in reality, anyone of you all lacks in the possession of understanding how to apply knowledge to circumstance.”

He then gives a command to anyone who finds himself lacking the understanding of how to apply Bible Doctrine to their situation.

trials tribulation part 49
Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

aiteitwparatouqeou

let him ask from the God

The apodosis of James’ conditional statement begins with a command to aiteitw(pronounced “ai-tei-toh”). It is an active imperative verb meaning “to request something which is rightfully yours.”

voice in koine greek1
Voice in Koine Greek

Voice is used in Koine Greek to express how the subject operates in relationship to the verb. There are three types of voice in Koine Greek:

  • Active Voice – the subject performs the action.
  • Middle Voice – the subject participates in the action.
  • Passive Voice – the subject is acted upon by the action.

“aiteitw” is in the Active Voice. This identifies the subject as performing the action of “requesting something which is rightfully yours.”

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

aiteitw

let him ask

James is saying that possessing the understanding of how to apply Bible Doctrine to your situation is something which rightfully belongs to the believer.

If you don’t have it, ask for it (remember James 4:2-3?).

sidenote 2
Sidenote #2

“You lust and do not have; so you commit murder. You are envious and cannot obtain; so you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask.

You ask and do not receive because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend it on your pleasures.”

James 4:2-3

sidenote 21
Sidenote #2

Principles taught by James 4:2-3:

1. If you don’t have something, ask God. 2. If you don’t get it, you asked with wrong motives.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

aiteitw

let him ask

James is saying that possessing the understanding of how to apply Bible Doctrine to your situation is something which rightfully belongs to the believer.

James uses the imperative mood with aiteitw.

mood in koine greek
Mood in Koine Greek

Mood is used in Koine Greek to establish the atmosphere of an action or state of being. There are four types of mood in Koine Greek:

  • Indicative Mood- identifies reality
  • Optative Mood- identifies desire
  • Imperative Mood- identifies command
  • Subjunctive Mood- identifies possibility

“aiteitw” is in the Imperative Mood. This identifies it as being a command.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

aiteitwparatouqeou

let him ask from the God

The apodosis of James’ conditional statement begins with a command “to request something which is rightfully yours.”

The request for wisdom is to be made to God and to be requested from God. What kind of God is the request to be made to?

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

didontoVpasinaplwV

giving all things unconditionally

The participle didontoV (pronounced “di-don-tos) is used to describe God as being One who is a giver of all things.

How does God give?

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

aplwV

unconditionally

aplwV (pronounced “hahp-lohs”) is an adverb describing the way God gives as being “unconditionally.”

No strings attached. You can use it, lose it, abuse it, either way God will give it.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

kaimhoneidizonteV

and not with reproach

God gives wisdom without conditions attached to it, and also without reproach.

The phrase mhonedizonteV (pronounced “on-ei-didz-on-tes”) means “not casting it in your teeth.”

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

mhoneidizonteV

not casting it in your teeth

This is an idiom which identifies God will not criticize or throw your request back at you in disgust.

An idiom is a phrase which is intended to mean something other than what it literally identifies

(i.e. It’s raining cats and dogs”).

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

doqhsetaiautw

given to him.

James completes his conditional statement with the phrase doqhsetaiautw (pronounced “do-thae-seh-tai ow-toh”) which means “will be given to him.”

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

Expanded Summary of verse 5:

But if, in reality, anyone of you lacks the possession of understanding how to apply knowledge to his situation, he is to request what is rightfully his from God, the One giving all things without condition and without casting the request back in the teeth of the requester, and it will be given to him.

This is Wisdom Deficit Disorder Protocol.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

Wisdom Deficit Disorder Protocol is to be enacted when you discover in the midst of your trial that you lack the understanding of how to apply Bible Doctrine to your trial. The protocol identified by Scripture is to make a formal request for wisdom from God.

Wisdom Deficit Disorder Protocol:

If you lack wisdom, request it from God.

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Trials & Tribulation (Part 4)

Doctrine of Trial & Tribulation Protocol:

1. When you encounter trials, enact Trial Protocol.

2. Once you have enacted Trial Protocol, utilize The Faith Action Principle to create the Faith Action Product (Spiritual Maturity). 3. If you find yourself lacking the understanding of how to use Bible Doctrine in your situation, enact Wisdom Deficit Disorder Protocol.