Quantifiers of Food a little, very little, less, not much, A few, very few, fewer, not many, too, too much, too many, enough
A little, very little, less, not much + uncountable noun e.g., • We have a littlebutter in the fridge. • There’s very littlefood. We need to go shopping. • I’m trying to eat lessfat (than before). • There’s not muchfood in the house.
A little: It means “ a small amount” before uncountable nouns. e.g. There is a littlewater in the bottle. • Very little: It means “almost none” before uncountable nouns. e.g. - There’s very littlerice to cook. We need to buy some. - She ate very littlechocolate last week. Good for her. • Less: It compares quantities with uncountable nouns. e.g. - They drank lesscoffee (than they drank before). • Not much: It means “a small amount” before uncountable nouns. e.g. - There’s not muchoil in the house.
A few, very few, fewer, not many + plural countable noun e.g. • We have a feworanges in the fridge. • We eat very fewfrozen meals. I think that’s healthier. • Skim milk has fewercalories (than whole milk). • There aren’tmanyvegetables.
A few: It means “a small number” before plural countable nouns. e.g. - There are a fewslices of cheese in the fridge. • Very few: Before plural countable nouns, it means “almost none”. e.g. - I made a lot of food, but very fewpeople came. - I drank very few cans of soda last week. I’m planning to quit it. • Fewer: It compares quantities with plural countable nouns. e.g. - My box contains fewereggs (than your box). • Not many: Before countable nouns, it means “a small number”. e.g. - There aren’tmanyapples.
Food Containers/items/weights • A bottle of .... Milk, soda, water, oil, ketchup • A bag of…..Coffee, crackers, potato chips, sugar • A box of …..Cookies, asparagus, crackers, • A package of …..Asparagus, soup, coffee • A carton of…..Milk, soup, eggs, juice • A can of……Crushed pineapples, curry past, tomato paste, soda • A jar of………Olives, asparagus, curry paste, tomato paste, jam • A loaf of……. Bread • A quart of….. Milk, oil • A liter (1.1 quarts) of ……Milk, oil • A pound of…. Cheese, butter, apples, oranges • A kilo (2.2 pounds) of…… oranges, apples Note: >>>> a carton of juice two cartons of juice >>>> a loaf of bread two loaves of bread
Exercise • Circle the correct answer 1. We only have ………………. cheese left in the refrigerator. a. a few b. a little c. many d. fewer 2. I don’t think that there are …………………. oranges in the fruit bowl. a. a little b. less c. many d. much 3. He eats …………….. vegetables. a. very little b. very much c. very few d. less 4. I eat ………………… eggs than I used to. a. fewer b. less c. few d. little 5. I drink ………………. tea than my cousin. a. fewer b. less c. few d. little 6. I have two …………………. a. box of milk b. boxes of milks c. a box of milk d. boxes of milk
Too, too many, too much, enough TOO • Too generally expresses the idea of an excessive amount or more than someone wants or expects Too is used before adjectives or adverbs: [too + ADJ/ADV] e.g. He is too full. She is too hungry. He eats too slowly.
Enough Enough expresses the idea of an acceptable amount or the amount someone wants to expect 1. Enough is used after adjectives or adverbs: [ADJ/ADV + enough] e.g. Her salad wasn’t filling enough. She doesn’t eat fast enough. 2. Enough is used before nouns. [enough + plural count/uncountable noun] e.g. I didn’t eat enough eggs I drank enough milk. 3. Enough is used as a pronoun ( replaces a noun mentioned before) e.g. A: I ate a lot of vegetables. B: You are lucky. I didn’t eat enough (vegetables). 4. Enough is used with verbs. [V + enough] e.g. She doesn’t listen enough They run enough.
Too Many 1. Too many is used before plural countable nouns: [too many + plural noun] e.g. I ate too many fries He bought too many books. 2. Too many is used as a pronoun ( it replace a noun mentioned before). e.g. I ate too many. (.. Apples, fries, vegetables..)
Too much 1. Too much is used before uncountable nouns: [too much + uncountable noun] e.g. I drank too much milk. He cooked too much rice. 2. Too much is used as a pronoun e.g. I drank too much. (.. Milk, water..) 3. Too much is used after verbs: [V + too much] e.g. She talks too much. He swims too much.
Exercise Choose the correct answer 1. My cousin eats …………….. Frozen meals. a. too b. too much c. a little d. too many 2. My brother is tall ……………… to reach the ceiling. a. enough b. too c. too much d. too many 3. My car is …………….. Old that it always needs a push. a. too many b. too much c. too d. enough 4.There’s ………………….. Salt in the soup. I can’t eat it a. too many b. too much c. too d. enough 5. Do you exercise ……………….? a. too much b. too many c. too d. few 6. I‘m wearing ………………. Clothes. I feel warm in this cold weather. a. too much b. too many c. too d. enough