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Role of Regulatory and Institutional Reforms in Meeting the Challenges of Globalization. Paolo Garonna Officer-in-Charge. Outline. Increasing demand for better regulation in the context of globalization. Fighting Red Tape: the need for institutional reforms.

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role of regulatory and institutional reforms in meeting the challenges of globalization

Role of Regulatory and Institutional Reforms in Meeting the Challenges of Globalization

Paolo Garonna

Officer-in-Charge

outline
Outline
  • Increasing demand for better regulation in the context of globalization
  • Fighting Red Tape: the need for institutional reforms
  • From global to local and from local to global: different levels and directions in regulatory reform
  • The new tools of the information society: soft regulation, peer pressure, benchmarking
  • The role of civil society and the private sector for good governance and institutional reform
increasing demand for regulatory frameworks
Increasing Demand for Regulatory Frameworks
  • Appropriate institutional and regulatory frameworks are needed in order to reap the full benefits of globalization
  • Examples:

- Health: prevent contagion and react to pandemics

- Security: fight against terrorism

- Transition to the market economy: institution building and public administration reform

- Standards for Transport and the Environment (UNECE)

- Financial sector reforms

fighting red tape and over regulation the need for institutional reforms
Fighting Red Tape and Over-regulation: the Need for Institutional Reforms

Barroso to launch Brussels’ biggest deregulation campaign: more than 60 draft proposals set to be scrapped (Financial Times, 14 Sept 2005)

the quality of regulation in the ece region
The Quality of Regulation in the ECE Region

(Economic Freedom of the World Indicators, 2005)

the transition to the market economy the key to success
The Transition to the Market Economy: the Key to Success
  • What has determined the different patterns and quality of regulatory reforms in the formerly centrally planned economies?

- The interplay between reforms and economic development

- The natural resources curse: success stories in overcoming the curse

- Regional economic integration (e.g. EU accession)

progress on reforms and economic development
Progress on Reforms and Economic Development

ECE

Note: Progress on reforms in ECE member countries is measured by the average of the EBRD Transition Indicators Scores, 2004.

life expectancy and regulatory quality
Life Expectancy and Regulatory Quality

Global

ECE

Life expectancy at birth (years)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

Regulatory quality

Regulatory quality

poverty reduction and regulatory quality
Poverty Reduction and Regulatory Quality

Global

ECE

Poverty headcount (% of total population)

Poverty headcount (% of total population)

Regulatory quality

Regulatory quality

schooling and regulatory quality
Schooling and Regulatory Quality

ECE

Global

Secondary school enrollment (% of age-group)

Secondary school enrollment (% of age-group)

Regulatory quality

Regulatory quality

from local to global and from global to local different levels in regulatory reform
From Local to Global and from Global to Local: Different Levels in Regulatory Reform
  • At the national level: many examples of best practice (Hungary, Baltic States, Canada, Iceland, Finland, Australia, etc.*)
  • At the regional level: role of UNECE norms and standards
  • At the global level: MDGs, Monterrey Consensus, Agenda 21

* Based on the EBRD transition and governance indicators, the World Bank Worldwide Governance Research Indicators Dataset, and the index of Economic Freedom of the World.

different directions in regulatory reform
Different Directions in Regulatory Reform
  • From global to regional:MDGs, UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
  • From regional to global:Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics, Vehicle Regulations
  • From region to region:TIR Convention,central bank independence, technological standards from Asia
tapping the new tools of the information society the role of soft regulation
Tapping the New Tools of the Information Society: The Role of Soft Regulation
  • Advantages:flexibility, adaptability, user-friendliness, transparency, capacity to mobilize public opinion
  • Examples :

- Environmental Performance Reviews

- MDGs

- OECD peer review mechanism

- The Open Method of Coordination in connection with the EU Lisbon Strategy

  • A field where regional commissions have greatly contributed and can contribute more
the role of civil society and the private sector
The Role of Civil Society and the Private Sector
  • Self-regulation in a vibrant democracy and a well-functioning market mechanism: stock exchanges, corporate social responsibility, codes of ethics
  • Contribution of private sector to government regulations: e.g. CEFACT, customs regulations
  • Risks and possible distortions

- Big players versus small & medium enterprises

- The ‘outsiders’: consumers, future generations, the most vulnerable groups, etc

- Vested interests resisting reforms

slide15

Enhance the role of private players in national, regional and global governance

  • Catalytic function of UNECE and other regional commissions in:
  • - bridging national and global reforms
  • - providing a forum for soft regulation and dialogue with business and civil society