Unit one e mail and internet
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Unit one: E-mail and Internet. New Words and Expressions. Blonde adj. 金发碧眼的 e. g. Who was that blond I saw you were with last night?  昨晚我看见和你一道的那个金发女郎是谁?. Roll v. 滚 , 使 ... 转动 , 摇摆 e.g. The dog rolled on the floor.  狗在地板上打滚。 The ship was rolling heavily to and fro.  那船晃来晃去很不平稳。.

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New Words and Expressions

Blonde adj. 金发碧眼的

e. g. Who was that blond I saw you were with last night? 


Roll v.滚,使...转动,摇摆

e.g. The dog rolled on the floor.  狗在地板上打滚。

The ship was rolling heavily to and fro.  那船晃来晃去很不平稳。

Respectable adj. a. 值得尊重的,人格高尚的

e.g. She is a respectable married woman. 


An apparently respectable person, group, or business used as

a cover for secret or illegal activities. 


Community n. 社区,团体

e.g. Everyone should invest some time in community service. 

每个人都应 该花些时间在社区服务上。

His speech was an affront to all members of the community. 


Access n.通路,进入,使用之权

e.g. Citizens may have free access to the library. 


He is a man of easy access.  他是一个很好接近的人。

Voluntary adj.自愿的,志愿的

e.g. Many social services are still provided by voluntary societies in our



Attendance is purely voluntary.  这次出席纯粹是自愿的.

Contribution n. 贡献

e.g. All contribution, however small, will be greatly appreciated. 


I'll try to wangle a contribution out of him.  我要设法让他出把力.

Website n. 网站

e.g. The next time you go to a "Shocked" website, the

Shockwave control loads and plays the movie. 



Finance n. 财政,财务

e.g. Unless we can get more finance, we'll have to close the store. 


The politician was appointed as the Minister of Finance. 


Financial adj.金融的,财政的e.g. Please give us a90-day extension on loan repayment to help us

tide over current financial difficulty. 


The journalist was probing into several financial scandals. 


Link n.环节,联系e.g. Is there a link between smoking and lung disease? 


Police suspect there may be a link between the two murders. 


v.连接,联系e.g. Television stations around the world are linked by satellite. 


The road links all the new towns. 


Range n.范围,行列,射程e.g. Several cars are available within this price range. 


It came within my range of vision.  该物体进入了我的视野.


e.g. The children‘s ages range from 8 to 15. 


This rifle ranges over a mile.  这种步枪射程达一英里.

Our conversation ranged over many topics. 


Knit v.编织,密接,结合

e.g. She often knits while watching TV. 


he broken bones have knit (together) well.  断骨已愈合良好.

Digital adj. 数字的

e.g. Most of the computers we are using are digital computers. 


The only error you shall receive back is from the DTS clerk on the digital



Isolation n. 隔离,孤立

e.g. Looked at in isolation, these facts are not encouraging. 


His isolation has made him blunt about the feelings of others. 


Liberty n. 自由

e.g. I took the liberty of reading the letter, even though it was

addressed to you. 


I am afraid that I am not at liberty to discuss this matter. 


Comfort v. 安慰

e.g. I tried to comfort him after he was defeated by his opponent. 


n. 舒适,安慰,安慰者e.g. My husband was a great comfort to me when my son was ill. 


The dress is carefully styled for maximum comfort. 


Constitution n. 组织,宪法,体格

e.g. He has a good constitution.  他体质很好。

The constitution of a primitive society is not necessarily



Britain has an unwritten constitution, and the United States has

a written constitution. 

英国有不成文的宪法, 美国有成文的宪法.

Sentence v/n. 宣判,判决

e.g. The man was sentenced to three years in prison.  他被判三年监禁。

The condemned man listened to his sentence without batting an



Lack n. 缺乏,无,不足

e.g. The plant died for lack of water.  植物因缺水而枯死了。

Lack of evidence resulted in their acquittal. 


v. 缺乏,短少,不足

e.g. He is good at his job but he seems to lack confidence. 


Money for the project is still lacking. 


New Phrases and Expressions

A handful of 少量的

e.g. We invited twenty people, but only a handful of them came. 

我们邀请了20 个人,但只来了寥寥数人。

All the trouble is being caused by a handful of malcontents. 


I picked up a handful of letters and began to open them. 


Thanks to: 由于,多亏

e.g. Thanks to your timely intervention.  多亏你及时调停。

Thanks to his effort, it is more successful than we have expected. 


Thanks to the bad weather, the match had been cancelled. 


I am feeling better now, no thanks to you. 


It's no thanks to you (that) we arrived on time your short cuts

weren't short cuts at all! 


Passage seniors find fun on web

Passage: Seniors Find Fun on Web

Thousands of Americans over 50 are discovering friends, fun, and

new ideas on an Internet-basedcommunity called SeniorNet.

“I am an old lady –except on-line when I am 37, blonde and ready to

roll,” says a respectable member of SeniorNet, a true community of

seniors that includes a 104-year-old member.

A fifth of Americans with Internet access, or 8-10 million people, are

over 50.

SeniorNet is non-profit site that develops very quickly thanks to

voluntary contributions from its 25,000 members and a handful of

retirees who designed the website and manage more than 200

discussion groups set up on the network.

“Of course, the usual topics linked with old age are very much

there – health and financial questions – but they are not the only

topics, ” says Glen Gilbert, the site’s director of development.

Subjects ranging from cooking and knitting to digital cameras and

politics are discussed, he says.

“It’s a place where one can break the isolation of a bedroom

without having to leave it, where you can comfort one another in

times of sickness,” Gilbert says. “But it is also a place where you

can share in the happy moments of life, be it birthdays or even


The most complete liberty of expression provided by the Web

also allows for a “men’s lounge” which wives are asked to avoid,

and for the constitution of a group of “gay and lesbian seniors.”

This group permits men and women to discuss issues that, in

their youth, would have been shameful to them.

One senior says that, “for a teacher like me, to come out at

that time was a bit like signing your death sentence.”

SeniorNet has also established a network of 130 computer

learning centers. These provide the basics on navigating the

Internet and tips on setting up a website as well as a computer

for those for those who lack their own equipment.


1. Build up your language stock

  • Voluntary contribution

  • B. Manage discussion groups

  • C. Director of development

  • D. Navigate the internet

  • E. A respectable member

  • F. Liberty of expressions

  • G. Sign death sentence

H. A non-profit site

I. Internet access

J. Comfort one another

K. internet-based community

L. Thanks to

M. Break the isolation

N. Discover new ideas

O. Establish a network

(L) in由于

(J) 互相安慰

(G) 宣布死刑

(F) 言论自由

(I) 进入因特网

(O) 建立一个网络系统

(C) 发展部部长

(A) 自愿捐助

(B) 组织讨论组

(M) 消除孤独

(K) 因特网上的虚拟社团

(D) 浏览因特网

2. Decide whether the following statements are true in

or false according to the passage.

① Only people who are over 60 are referred to as senior people.

② Health and financial questions are frequently discussed on


③ Senior people can discuss the issues which are shameful to young


④ People must pay to go to any of the computer learning centers.

⑤ It can be inferred that people are more open-minded on the net than

in Realistic places.

Answers: ①F ②T ③F ④F ⑤T

3. Choose the best answer in

① All the seniors can have ___ to SeniorNet.

a. entrance b. enrollment c. admission d. access

② He is a senior University student, but he has never been ___ the


a. at b. on c. in d. with

③ His well-written short stories made him a ___ man.

a. respectable b. respectful c. respective d. respecting

Answers: ⑴d ⑵b ⑶a ⑷b ⑸d

4. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. in

① She wants to bring home a boyfriend from the other side of the

world, with whom she’s been having a virtual relationship for months.

② She has also built a website for Jane, her best friend in the US,

whom she met online.

③ Gordon, who met Mona in an online chat room four years ago,

works nights as a security guard and goes online in the morning.

④ The first time when he visited the online chat room was in

1998, when he was only 10 years old.

⑤ The Net is also helping the couple run a 93-hectare farm

business, which they own in partnership with their friends.

Answers: in

① 她想将男友从世界的那边带回家。她和男友在网上保持了数月的恋爱


② 她还为美国好友珍妮建立了一个网站。她是在网上遇见珍妮的。






5. Translate the following sentences into in

English by using the given phrases.

① 由于学生们的积极参与,这次足球比赛进行的很顺利。

② 这部电影描写了一位中国老人的幸福时光。

③ 因特网的普及改变了人们以往寻找新朋友和新观点的方式。

④ 在众多的网址中,有很多是非盈利的网址。

⑤ 老年网为美国的一些老年人提供了表达自己情感的机会。

⑥ 学生们谈论的话题涉及文化和政治。

⑦ 这位老人甚至在患病期间还经常安慰他人。

⑧ 看来我们不能回避一些少量的难题。

⑨ 这个学习中心已和很多研究中心建立了网络联系。

Grammar focus

Grammar Focus in

Non-restrictive Attributive Clause

  • ① He traveled to the southern part of the country, ___ he got many ideas for this book.

  • Who B. where C. which D. that

  • ② The mother got a good job on the farm, ___ provided extra income for the family.

  • Where B. who C. Which D. that

  • ③ For years they have lived a life in the countryside, ___ was very enjoyable.

  • Where B. who C. which D. that

  • ④ The father, ___ was the world champion, was regarded as the hero

  • in the little village.

  • A. Who B. whom C. which D. that

  • ⑤ The injured soldier, ___ leg had been broken, was carried away.

  • A. Who B. whom C. which D. whose

  • ⑥ Martin’s garage, ___ the car had been parked, was not far away.

  • Whose B. whom C. where D. whose

  • ⑦ I can lend you two books, both of ___ are very good.

  • Whom B. that C. whose D. which

⑧ They will fly to Xi’an, ___ they plan to stay for two days, and

then go on to Wuxi.

A. Where B. who C. whose D. which

⑨ We will put off the outing next week, ___ we won’t be so busy.

A. When B. where C. which D. that

⑩Most significantly, the boy has a magic violin, ___ lets him travel

across time and space and lets him zip between heaven and earth.

A. Which B. when C. that D. who


2. Rewrite the sentences after the example given. days, and


The director looked very confident. He spoke for 20 minutes.

The director, who looked very confident, spoke for 20 minutes.

① He said environment protection was everyone’s responsibility. It is a

key issue.

②Lockville is now beauty spot. There used to be a chemical plant there.

③ We made many mistakes in the past. We knew less than we do.

④ The managing directors of the company have more responsibilities.

This is known to all the staff.

⑤ The industries produce the products. We criticize the industries.

We buy the products.

⑥ She made all kinds of suggestions. I couldn’t understand most of them.

⑦ Small computers need only small amounts of power. It means that

they will run on small batteries.

⑧ This happened in 1975. Then I was still a baby.

Answers: responsibilities.

① He said environment protection, which is a key issue, was

everyone’s responsibility.

② Lockville is now a beauty spot, where there used to be a chemical


③ We made many mistakes in the past, when we knew less than we do.

④ The managing directors of the company have more responsibilities,

which is known to all the staff.

⑤ The industries, which we criticize, produce the products which

we buy.

⑥ She made all kinds of suggestions, most of which I couldn’t


⑦ Small computers need only small amounts of power, which

means that they will run on small batteries.

⑧ This happened in 1975, when I was still a baby.