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Introduction to Beekeeping. Session 1 - Introduction Sat 22 nd / Sun 23 rd March 2014. Introductions. Nigel Hurst 3 yrs beekeeping Hives in garden. Honey bees and other insects. Honey bee Apis mellifera. Bumble bee Bombus terrestris. Wasp Vespula vulgaris. Hornet Vespa crabo.

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introduction to beekeeping

Introduction to Beekeeping

Session 1 - Introduction

Sat 22nd/Sun 23rd March 2014

introductions
Introductions
  • Nigel Hurst
  • 3 yrs beekeeping
  • Hives in garden
honey bees and other insects
Honey bees and other insects

Honey bee

Apis mellifera

Bumble bee

Bombus terrestris

Wasp

Vespula vulgaris

Hornet

Vespa crabo

social animals
Social animals
  • Bees
    • Female society
    • Not domesticated
    • Individual sacrifice
    • Evolved with flowers
  • Cattle
    • Male society
    • Herd animals
    • Domesticated
    • Breeds developed by man
anatomy of a honey bee
Anatomy of a Honey bee

Thorax

Wings ( 2 pairs)

Spiracle (breathing aperture)

Hypopharyngeal Gland

Abdomen

Compound eyes

Nasonov Glands

Head

Antenna

Sting

Mandibles

Wax Glands

Pollen Basket (corbicula)

Tongue (glossa)

bee dances
Bee Dances

Waggle Dance –

(Precise location)

food further away

Round Dance –

(General location)

food nearby

Ex: Encyclopaedia of Beekeeping by Morse & Hooper

plants pollinated by honey bees
Plants pollinated by honey bees
  • OSR +10%
  • Beans
  • Top fruit
  • Soft fruit
  • Salad crops – (for seed)
  • Sunflowers
  • Blackthorn
  • Hawthorn
importance of beekeeping
Importance of Beekeeping
  • UK consumption of honey
  • UK production of honey
  • Value to UK agriculture
    • 85% of food crops rely on pollinators
  • Value to the environment
  • Number of beekeepers
  • Number of honey bee farmers
  • Number of colonies
  • Number of wild colonies
  • £25m pa
  • £11m pa
  • £200m pa
  • ??????????
  • ~30,000
  • 40 (20)
  • ~230,000
  • ~0
environmental impact of no bees
Environmental impact of no bees
  • High quality food
  • No honey bee - no early pollinators
  • Less winter feed for birds
  • Changes in flora
    • Increase in grasses
    • Late pollinated plants
hive tools and other equipment
Hive tools and other equipment

Gloves

Drawing pins

Butler cage

2 Queen marking cages

Queen cell cage

Matches

Scissors

Uncapping tool

Mouse guard

Marking fluid

Spacers

Mesh

Smoker

Porter bee

escape

3 Hive tools

beekeeping support
Beekeeping support
  • Local Branches
    • Support
    • Training
    • Mentoring
  • County Associations
    • Representation
  • National (BBKA)
    • Assessments
    • Insurance
    • Policy
    • Government liaison etc.
your beekeeping association
Your Beekeeping Association
  • AVON
  • 5 Branches

1 Bath

2 Blagdon & Clevedon

3 Bristol

4 Keynsham

5 Weston Super Mare

3

4

2

5

1