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Healthy Spaces and Places Liz de Chastel National Policy Manager . University of Canberra 18 th April 2008. Overview. Why design for active living Linkages between health, planning, transport and environment Design Principles National Project & Value of Partnerships. PIA.

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healthy spaces and places liz de chastel national policy manager

Healthy Spaces and Places Liz de ChastelNational Policy Manager

University of Canberra

18th April 2008

overview
Overview
  • Why design for active living
  • Linkages between health, planning, transport and environment
  • Design Principles
  • National Project & Value of Partnerships
slide3
PIA
  • PIA is a professional membership organisation with 4600 urban planners and related professionals; not for profit & independent
  • Advocate and develop policy positions on behalf of members
  • Planners work in Local Government (50%), Private Sector (30%) and State Govt/Academia
  • Planners along with others help shape our built and natural environment
some facts
Some facts
  • Physically inactive Australian adults are costing the healthcare system $1.5 billion a year
  • It is estimated that almost 9 million Australians – 54% of adult population – do not do enough physical activity on a daily basis
  • Not doing enough physical activity doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, and obesity, and increases the risk of breast and bowel cancer, depression and anxiety
  • All it takes is 30 minutes of activity most days a week to reduce the problem

(Source: Medibank Private Research 2007)

obesity and travel behaviour
Obesity and Travel Behaviour

Source: Pucher J. & Dijkstra L. (2003), Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: Lessons from the Netherlands and Germany, American Journal of Public Health 93: 1509 -16

getting people out of cars
Getting people out of cars

Car trips in local neighbourhoods:

  • 10% of all car trips are less than one kilometre (the equivalent to a ten minute walk)
  • 30% are less than three kilometres

Source: Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics (2002), Greenhouse policy options for transport, BTRE Report No 105

slide8
"Everybody would like a lively city, an attractive city, a safe city, a sustainable city and a city which invites more healthy lifestyles.

By being sweet to the pedestrians and sweet to the bicyclists, you can actually accomplish quite a bit of all these goals.“

Professor Jan Gehl

relevance to canberra
Relevance to Canberra
  • Attracting Generation Y – prefer walkable, vibrant places to live
  • Ageing population – ageing in place, physical and mental health
  • Redevelopment areas and new growth areas – offer potential
  • Good infrastructure in place – schools, bikeways
  • One Government can support co-ordination & integration
  • Topography and climate is conducive to active living
create walkable neighborhoods
Create Walkable Neighborhoods
  • Have legible streets and connected activities such as schools, shops
  • Encourage local trips to be made by walking and cycling by having direct routes to activities
plan for walking cycling
Plan for Walking & Cycling
  • Walking is free and has great health benefits - especially walking to school & local services
  • Walkways may be shared: walking, cycling, prams, scooters
  • Walking routes should be safe – road crossings, pavement surface
  • Cycling facilities important to encourage use – lockers, showers, maps
design for surveillance and safety
Design for surveillance and safety
  • Create safe environments for activity
  • Perceptions of safety are a major influence for people’s willingness to be active
  • Pathways should also be safe to minimize falls and injuries
encourage use of public transport
Encourage Use of Public Transport
  • Well located and convenient public transport to encourage use over private vehicles
  • Shelters and signage important & accessibility to bus/train/tram
  • People that use public transport also walk to the train/bus stop
provide passive and active recreation
Provide Passive and Active Recreation
  • Adequate, serviced and well located recreation areas and parklands
  • Multipurpose – school ovals
  • Private/public partnerships
promote mixed land use
Promote Mixed Land-Use
  • Activities grouped together to minimise trips, especially residential, retail, employment, recreation and public transport
  • Local and regional activities
  • Promotes walking, cycling and the use of public transport
  • Local businesses also benefit
provide opportunities for interaction
Provide opportunities for interaction
  • Meeting Places & Public Places that support a variety of interactions between people
food security agricultural land protection
Food Security/Agricultural Land Protection
  • Some States have planning policies that seek to protect good quality agricultural land – for example in Queensland with a State Planning Policy on the Protection of Good Agricultural Land
  • Peri-urban (fringe) areas of cities are under the most stress to convert agricultural production to housing development as cities continue to expand
  • Community Gardens – local community based
  • 100 mile diet (Canada)
food outlets
Food Outlets
  • Links between areas of socio-disadvantage and higher number of fast food outlets (VicLanes project)
  • Local & Regional food outlets should be well located with good pedestrian/ public transport/car access
  • Planning Legislation does not regulate the type of food that is sold – but can monitor the location of fast food outlets (this is done in Victoria) & may limit increasing the number of sites
  • Farmers markets are being promoted

by many Councils

  • This needs more research and sharing

of case studies

partnership
Partnership

Healthy Spaces and Places is a partnership between:

  • Australian Local Government Association
  • the Heart Foundation
  • Planning Institute of Australia

This project has received funding assistance from the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

value of partnership
Value of Partnership
  • Unique Partnership
  • Memorandum of Understanding underpins partnership
  • Leveraging knowledge, advocacy and networks
  • Stronger influence for change
project design
Project design

Four project stages are identified:

  • Scoping – during 2007
  • Consultation – workshops mid - late 2008
  • Implementation – 08/09
  • Evaluation - 2009
supporting current initiatives
Supporting current initiatives

Development of a national guide looks to complement:

  • NSW Premier’s Council for Active Living
  • Victoria ‘Healthy by Design’ and ‘Go for your life’
  • Premier’s Physical Activity Taskforce & ‘Walk WA’
  • Chief Minister’s Active Living Council & ‘Go NT’
  • Tasmanian Premier’s Active Living Council & ‘Get Moving Tasmania’
  • South Australian Active Living Coalition & ‘Be active’
  • Queensland – emergent issues
healthy spaces and places project is about
Healthy Spaces and Places project is about:
  • recognizing how everyday urban management decisions can influence people’s health and well-being
  • recognizing the complexity and cross-disciplinary/-sectoral nature of the issues
  • raising awareness
  • setting a national policy agenda
  • supporting current State/local initiatives
what are we trying to achieve
What are we trying to achieve?
  • improved understanding amongst health and planning professionals of how the built environment influences active living
  • people engaging in regular physical activity
  • sense of belonging and social inclusion
  • sense of place
  • positive health impacts on future health burden
  • sustained economic well-being
consultation
Consultation
  • Discussion draft available shortly from PIA website, with links to ALGA and Heart Foundation websites
  • Workshops in metropolitan and regional locations
  • First workshop in Adelaide on 15 May (tbc)
  • Also can submit comments on-line at www.planning.org.au
healthy spaces and places
Healthy Spaces and Places
  • We welcome you involvement and comments
  • Please contact project manager (Anne Moroney)

healthyplaces@planning.org.au or 02/6262 5933