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Causes of World War II

Causes of World War II

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Causes of World War II

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  1. Causes of World War II Chapter 26.0

  2. 1. Axis Ambition Axis Powers • Germany • Italy • Japan Germany Italy Japan

  3. 2. Allied Appeasement • Concessions for peace • Failure to act • Axis emboldened England France

  4. 3. Racism • Social Darwinism • Natural Rights • Aryans (Germanic) • Slavs = lesser • Jews = non-human

  5. 4. Fascism and Nazism • Fascism = extreme nationalism • Nazism = extreme fascism • Radical theories • Why were they embraced?

  6. “The Aryan race is tall, long legged, slim. The race is narrow-faced, with a narrow forehead, a narrow high built nose and a lower jaw and prominent chin, the skin is rosy bright and the blood shines through .... the hair is smooth, straight or wavy - possibly curly in childhood. The color is blond.”

  7. The Clouds of War Chapter 26.1

  8. Treaty of Versailles • Intention • Provisions • Effect = • German anger

  9. Europe – Post WWI • Depression effects • Unrest • Failure of democracy • Public response • Opportunism

  10. Opportunist #1 – Josef Stalin • After Lenin • Reform • Success? • Totalitarianism • Terror • Example: Ukraine • Goal

  11. Opportunist #2 – Benito Mussolini • Fascist Party • Blackshirts • March on Rome • Totalitarianism • “Believe, Fight, Obey” • Goal

  12. Opportunist #3 – Hideki Tojo • Depression • 1930s Military • Behind the Scenes • Totalitarianism • Western Hatred • Goal

  13. Opportunist #4 – Adolf Hitler

  14. National Socialism

  15. Beer Hall Putsch

  16. Mein Kampf

  17. Jewish Blame

  18. Jewish Blame

  19. Democratically Elected

  20. Brownshirts

  21. Public Appeal

  22. A Nation Mesmerized

  23. Totalitarianism

  24. Early Aggression • Threats = Allies AND Enemies • German militarization • Manchuria (1931) • Ethiopia (1935) • Rhineland (1936) • Spain (1936) • China (1937)

  25. Query • Knowing the goals of Hitler and Mussolini, where will they go? • Why?

  26. Fascists on the March • Austria (Anschluss) - 1938 • Munich Pact (1938) • Sudetenland (1938) • Czechoslovakia (1939) • Albania (1939) • Pact of Steel • First Vienna Award • Hungary

  27. Early American Reactions • FDR opinion • Public opinion • Congress • Amendment? • Neutrality Acts • Cash and Carry

  28. War! POLAND Germany U.S.S.R. • Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact • Secret Addendum • Poland (9/1/39) • Britain + France • World War II has begun! • Poland (9/17/39) • Romania + Finland

  29. Darkness Falls Chapter 26.2