Chapter 10 – Southeast Asia. A – The Southeast Asian Realm B – Insular Southeast Asia C – Continental Southeast Asia. A. The Southeast Asian Realm. Major issues A fragmented realm of numerous island countries and peninsulas.
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A – The Southeast Asian Realm
B – Insular Southeast Asia
C – Continental Southeast Asia
Mountain chains and valleys
Strait of Malacca
Dutch East Indies
Southeast Asia today
Land above sea level
18,000 years ago
Dominant ethnic group
December 26 2004; 9.0 Richter scale; 10 meters Tsunami; 250,000 killed.
Exploded in 1883; Largest volcanic eruption in known history.
Explosion heard at 3,000 miles; 20 cubic kilometers of rock into the atmosphere.
Tsunami drowned 34,000 people and ashes burned to death 2,000 people.
30 meters waves that traveled 8,000 miles.
More than 200 people per sqr km
Outer islands (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Irian Jaya)
20% of the population on 93% of the land.
Most of the minorities.
Sparsely populated but abundant in resources.
Inner islands (Java, Madura and Bali)
Fertile land due to volcanic origin and monsoon (among the most fertile land in the world).
80% of the population on 7% of the land.
Chao Phrya Valley
Gulf of Thailand
Red River Delta
Ho Chi Min City
Mekong River Delta