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For Those Considering a Career in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Shannon Hall-Mills, Ph.D., CCC-SLP School of Communication Sciences and Disorders Florida State University

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For those considering a career in communication sciences and disorders

For Those Considering a Career in Communication Sciences and Disorders

Shannon Hall-Mills, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

School of Communication Sciences and Disorders

Florida State University

For those considering a career in communication sciences and disorders

Making effective communication,

a human right, accessible and achievable for all!

Who are audiologists speech language pathologists and speech language hearing scientists
Who are audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech/language/hearing scientists?

  • professionals in the area of human communication sciences and disorders who:

    • evaluate

    • treat

    • conduct research

    • advocate

  • work in schools, hospitals, businesses, in private practice, universities, research laboratories, and government agencies

  • work with infants, children, adolescents, adults and older generations

ASHA Career Video:

The patient s perspective
The Patient’s Perspective speech/language/hearing scientists?

  • Senator Giffords recovery story



  • Excerpt with Stuttering from The King’s Speech:


  • A young boy with language impairment shares his experience:


  • Dr. Grandin speaks about the brain of children with autism


  • Importance of language
    Importance of Language speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • language - our most “human” characteristic

      • the “essence of human life” (Light, 1997)

    • essential to learning, working, enjoying family life and friends

    • multiple ways to express and understand language

      • speaking, sign language, informal gestures, writing, computerized communication

    Who are speech language pathologists
    Who are speech-language pathologists? speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • professionals educated to assess and treat speech and language

      • sometimes called speech therapists

      • also assess and treat swallowing disorders and literacy problems

    • SLP’s work with full range of human communication and disorders

      • across the lifespan (infants to elderly)

    What else do speech language pathologists do
    What else do speech-language pathologists do? speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • train future professionals in colleges and universities

    • manage agencies, clinics, or private practices

    • engage in research to enhance knowledge about human communication

    • develop new methods and assess effectiveness of treatment approaches

    • serve as expert witnesses in court

    An example of slp competencies the big 9
    An example of SLP competencies: the “ speech/language/hearing scientists?Big 9”

    • Articulation

    • Fluency

    • Voice and resonance

    • Language

    • Hearing

    • Swallowing

    • Cognitive aspects of communication

    • Social aspects of communication

    • Alternate communication modalities

    Future outlook speech language pathology
    Future Outlook: Speech-Language Pathology speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • Number of positions in speech-language pathology expected to climb 11% between 2006 and 2016.

      • (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008-2009)

    • Excellent job opportunities in next 8 years especially if:

      • you speak a second language

      • are willing to work with aging population and at-risk child populations

      • are willing to relocate to geographic areas with great need

    What does a speech language pathologist earn
    What does a speech-language pathologist earn? speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • Salaries of speech-language pathologists depend on educational background, specialty, experience, work setting, contract length, and geographical location.

    • In 2011, median salary was:

      • Across healthcare settings: $65,000-70,000 (12 months)

      • Across schools: $58,000 (9-10 months)


    What is a speech language and hearing scientist
    What is a speech, language, and hearing scientist? speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • conduct research on which clinicians base their methods of assessment and intervention

      • develop evidence-based methods

    • explore the biological, physical, and physiological processes involved in communication

    • collaborate with related professions (engineers, physicians, dentists, psychologists)

    • train future professionals and scientists

    Academic preparation speech language pathologist
    Academic Preparation: speech/language/hearing scientists?Speech-Language Pathologist

    • graduate degree required: MS or MA (or more)

      • undergraduate degree in Communication Sciences

        • linguistics, phonetics, anatomy and physiology, psychology, human development, speech and hearing science, normal and abnormal communication development

        • speech, language, swallowing disorders - assessment and intervention, clinical and research experiences

      • Certificate of Clinical Competence

        • graduate degree

        • 375 hours of supervised clinical experience

        • 36-week postgraduate clinical fellowship

        • written exam

    Audiology speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • study of:

      • typical hearing

      • hearing and balance disorders

      • habilitation/rehabilitation

    • work encompasses:

      • how hearing mechanism works

      • hearing assessment

      • treating children and adults with hearing loss

      • retraining hearing in children and adults, including cochlear implants

    What specifically does an audiologist do
    What specifically does an audiologist do? speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • identify, assess, and manage disorders of auditory, balance, and other neural systems

    • select, fit, and dispense amplification systems

      • hearing aids

    • prevent hearing loss by providing and fitting hearing protective devices and education

    • involved in auditory and related research

    • serve as expert witnesses in litigation

    Fsu program in communication sciences and disorders
    FSU Program in Communication Sciences and Disorders speech/language/hearing scientists?


    • ranked 18th in graduate programs in communication disorders by U.S. News and World Report

    • Our programs in Speech-Language Pathology

      • Bachelor of Science (BS)

        • Limited entry (typically junior year)

        • Students planning a career in SLP or AUD

      • Post-baccelaureate SLP Bridge Program

        • 6 graduate prereq courses for people from other bachelor degree fields

      • Master of Science (MS)

        • On-campus program

        • Distance-learning program

        • Competitive

      • PhD

    Curriculum overview
    Curriculum Overview speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • Undergraduates:

      • designed to be completed in 4 semesters

        • basic building blocks of speech and language (anatomy, phonetics, neurological bases)

        • possibility for a “minor” in CSD

    • Masters:

      • 60 credit program - usually takes 6 semesters, including summers - last summer is internship

      • program covers all areas needed for certification

      • some “lateral entry” students admitted but may take longer

    • Doctoral:

      • can take 4-5 years depending on mentor

      • competencies in research, teaching, service, and clinical supervision

    Scsd @ fsu
    SCSD @ FSU speech/language/hearing scientists?

    • Clinic provides:

      • Speech-language services (all ages):

        • Evaluations

        • Therapy

      • Audiology services:

        • Evaluations

        • Hearing Aid Fitting

        • *Cochlear Mapping

      • Research:

        • Across the lifespan

      • Future:

        • Veterans Clinic (TBI)

        • Integrated Preschool

    FSU Speech & Hearing Clinic

    201 W. Bloxham Street

    QUESTIONS? speech/language/hearing scientists?

    For more information: